The five pillar global drug control approach adopted during the UN General Assembly Special Session on Drugs (UNGASS) in July 1998 by the ASEAN and China Cooperative Operations in Response to Dangerous Drugs (ACCORD), in which the Philippines is a member, continue to prove relevant and effective in addressing the country’s problem on drugs.
Drug Supply Reduction Pillar
Supply reduction strategies are directed toward enforcing the prohibition of illegal drugs and regulating and enforcing access to legal drugs and substances, particularly those that are of a high probability for abuse, including pharmaceuticals and other precursors and essential chemicals.
Reducing the supply of drugs requires the collaborative participation of all levels of government including law enforcement and the health sector, industry and regulatory For this, the Board maintains coordination with law enforcement agencies for the implementation of the R.A. 9165, regulatory compliance and set-up policies in aid of judicial and legislative measures.
Law enforcement strategies target all parts and levels of the supply chain from actions aimed at preventing importation across the border to those that target the point of supply to consumers. Interventions against drug supply include all the activities carried out by law enforcement agencies, both police and custom forces, at national and international level, to reduce drug supply. Efforts in law enforcement are undertaken by member agencies— Philippine Drug Enforcement Agency (PDEA), Philippine National Police Anti-Illegal Drugs Special Operation Task Force (PNP-AIDSOTF), National Bureau of Investigation (NBI) and other similar agencies, to curb the supply of dangerous drugs in the country.
The Board continually update list of drugs for regulation and monitor drug abuse trends to determine the possible inclusion of new drugs and substances.
Judicial and Legislative Measures
Measures consist of regular reprisal of the judiciary on recent Board regulations and the Comprehensive Dangerous Drugs Act of 2002 or RA 9165. The Board also seek to foster and improve cooperation among pillars of the criminal justice system such as the judiciary, prosecution and law enforcement.
Drug Demand Reduction Pillar
The Drug Demand Reduction pillar is geared towards reducing the consumer’s demand for drugs and other substances. This is done through programs on Preventive Education, Treatment and Rehabilitation, and Research.
Along with its partner agencies, the DDB continues to formulate policies on drug prevention and control, develop and implement preventive education programs, adopt and utilize effective treatment and rehabilitation programs and conduct research on vital aspects of the drug abuse problem.
The Dangerous Drugs Board continues to implement activities and programs that encourage individuals to avoid substance abuse. Recognizing the diversity of the Philippine society, the Board has a range of educational programs designed to address the needs of every sector of the society, from the youth to parents, employers, educators, health professionals, and policy-makers. (See DDB’s Preventive Education Programs)
Treatment and Rehabilitation
As an important facet of drug demand reduction, the DDB with the DOH continually monitors trends in treatment and rehabilitation as well as issues and concerns that families and recovering drug dependents face during the process. (See more information on Treatment and Rehabilitation)
An integral part of the anti-drug campaign that enables the Board to draft policies and regulations that are timely and effective. (See more information on Research and Statistics)
Alternative Development Pillar
Alternative Development is among the multi-pronged drug control strategies being undertaken by the DDB, through which prevention, reduction and elimination of illicit cultivation of marijuana plants are achieved by specifically designed rural development measures that are aimed at providing lawful, economically viable and sustainable means of income as well as an improved livelihood of people in known marijuana cultivation areas, specifically targeting those involved in the illicit activities.
Civic Awareness and Response Pillar
Strategies under this pillar aims to stimulate discussion and generate public opinion that lead to participation. The DDB utilizes different forms of media to spread the anti-drug advocacy and enlist more and more Filipinos in the fight against drugs.
The different sectors of the society are encouraged to participate in programs through increasing awareness and enhancing public understanding of drug dependence.
To reach out to a greater majority, cooperation and coordination with media organizations is also maintained.
Regional and International Cooperation
The regional and international cooperation pillar places emphasis on cross-border strategy-sharing and regional activities while enriching the existing national responses and capacity-building programs which represent the foundations of the national anti-drug abuse advocacy. There is a great deal of complementarities between the national and the regional response as would be seen in the conferences, symposia and fora participated in by the country. These demonstrate that the Philippine advocacy against drug dependency shares the same overall regional approach to program development while meeting the contextual and cultural requirements for our own country’s needs.