Major Programs and Projects
The Dangerous Drugs Board adopts the five-pillar global drug control approach instituted during the UN General Assembly Special Session on Drugs (UNGASS) in July 1998 by the ASEAN and China Cooperative Operations in Response to Dangerous Drugs (ACCORD), in which the Philippines is a member.
Drug Supply Reduction Pillar
This pillar is mainly concerned with strengthening the rule of law and enhancing a network of control measures. The extent to which dangerous drugs are proliferated is addressed through law enforcement, market denial operations and prevention of diversion from the licit to the illicit markets.
Law enforcement strategies target all parts and levels of the supply chain from actions aimed at preventing importation across the border to those that target the point of supply to consumers. Interventions against drug supply include all activities carried out by law enforcement agencies led by the Philippine Drug Enforcement Agency (PDEA) with the Philippine National Police Anti-Illegal Drugs Group (PNP-AIDG), National Bureau of Investigation (NBI) and other similar agencies.
Regulatory compliance measures ensure the availability of dangerous drugs and Controlled Precursors and Essential Chemicals (CPECs) with legitimate medical and industrial use while preventing its diversion from the licit to illicit market and curtailing drug abuse.
As mandated by the law, PDEA regulates the acquisition and use of dangerous drugs and CPECs. Through its Compliance Service, applications for licenses and permits of practicing professionals and firms involved in the retail, distribution, manufacture, exportation/importation, and use of dangerous drugs and CPECs are assessed and processed.
The DDB, on the other hand, issues Certificate of Exemption to legitimate companies dealing with CPECs. This would exempt the product/preparation containing dangerous drugs and/or CPECs that are below and above the 30% threshold from certain regulatory control measures.
A certification is also issued to industries and companies dealing with chemicals/substances for products that are not included in the list of dangerous drugs and CPECs.
Judicial and Legislative Measures
Measures consist of regular reprisal of the judiciary on recent Board regulations and the Comprehensive Dangerous Drugs Act of 2002 or RA 9165. The Board also seek to foster and improve cooperation among pillars of the criminal justice system such as the judiciary, prosecution and law enforcement.
Drug Demand Reduction Pillar
The Drug Demand Reduction pillar is geared towards reducing the consumer’s demand for drugs and other substances. This is done through programs on Preventive Education, Treatment and Rehabilitation, and Research.
Along with its partner agencies, the DDB continues to formulate policies on drug prevention and control, develop and implement preventive education programs, adopt and utilize effective treatment and rehabilitation programs and conduct research on vital aspects of the drug abuse problem.
The Dangerous Drugs Board continues to implement activities and programs that encourage individuals to avoid substance abuse. Recognizing the diversity of the Philippine society, the Board has a range of educational programs designed to address the needs of every sector of the society, from the youth to parents, employers, educators, health professionals, and policy-makers. (See more information on Preventive Education Programs)
Treatment and Rehabilitation
As an important facet of drug demand reduction, the DDB with the DOH continually monitors trends in treatment and rehabilitation as well as issues and concerns that families and recovering drug dependents face during the process. (See more information on Treatment and Rehabilitation)
An integral part of the anti-drug campaign that enables the Board to draft policies and regulations that are timely and effective. (See more information on Research and Statistics)
Alternative Development Pillar
Alternative Development is among the multi-pronged drug control strategies being undertaken by the DDB, through which prevention, reduction and elimination of illicit cultivation of marijuana plants are achieved by specifically designed rural development measures that are aimed at providing lawful, economically viable and sustainable means of income as well as an improved livelihood of people in known marijuana cultivation areas, specifically targeting those involved in the illicit activities.
Civic Awareness and Response Pillar
Strategies under this pillar aims to stimulate discussion and generate public opinion that lead to participation. The DDB utilizes different forms of media to spread the anti-drug advocacy and enlist more and more Filipinos in the fight against drugs.
The different sectors of the society are encouraged to participate in programs through increasing awareness and enhancing public understanding of drug dependence.
To reach out to a greater majority, cooperation and coordination with media organizations is also maintained.
Regional and International Cooperation
The regional and international cooperation pillar places emphasis on cross-border strategy-sharing and regional activities while enriching the existing national responses and capacity-building programs which represent the foundations of the national anti-drug abuse advocacy.
There is a great deal of complementarities between the national and the regional response as would be seen in the conferences, symposia and fora participated in by the country. These demonstrate that the Philippine advocacy against drug dependency shares the same overall regional approach to program development while meeting the contextual and cultural requirements for our own country’s needs.