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2012 Nationwide Survey on the Current Nature and Extent of Drug Abuse in the Philippines

Survey 2012 1This study is a collaborative research between the DDB and the Philippine Normal University. It was conducted to determine the current nature and extent of drug abuse in the country.

The survey sampled a total of 10, 752 respondents ranging from ages 10 to 69 years old, identified through a proportional sampling. A total of 256 sites served as study areas. Multi-stage sampling technique was employed in selecting the study sites which included 17 regions, 43 provinces, 42 capitals, 86 municipalities/cities, 137 urban and 119 rural barangays. The data gathering was conducted from end of October 2012 to March 2013.Survey 2012 2

Based on the study, it was estimated that there could be 1.3 Million current drug users. The estimate was derived using the 2012 NSCB projected population of age 10-69 which is 72, 735, 094.

 

An Assessment on the Implementation of the DDB Policy on the Inclusion of at least 5% Mustard Oil Content on Toluene-Based Contact Cement

The  collection  of  data  was  conducted through  questionnaires  and  interviews  with the  implementers  and  from  the  selected lists  of  licensed  stakeholders  (importers, manufacturers,  retailers  and  end  users provided  by  PDEA  in  the  following  areas: Caloocan,  Manila,  Malabon,  Mandaluyong, Muntinlupa,  Marikina,  Valenzuela,  Pasig, ParaƱaque, Taguig, Cavite and Rizal.  A total of two hundred sixty-one (261) respondents were interviewed.

Ninety-three percent (93%) of the respondents are aware that Toluene-Based Contact Cement is being abused.

Seventy-three  percent  (73%)  of  the  implementers  particularly  PDEA  are  very  much aware of  the  Policy  on  Toluene-Based  Contact  Cement.  Twenty  percent  (20%), however  of barangay  officials  are  not  aware  of  the  policy,  thirty  percent  (30%)  are aware on some extent and half of  the barangay officials interviewed have very limited awareness.  Hence,  barangay  officials  need  to  be  informed  and  be  educated  with  the said policy.

With the implementation of the policy, almost all of the respondents admitted that the quality of their finished products decreased and so is their profits/sales while the costs of their production increased.

The study also looked into the problems encountered by the implementers, as well as, stakeholders in the enforcement of the policy. Among the restraining factors mentioned were:

    • Lack of knowledge on the part of barangay officials
    • Lack of PDEA manpower to regularly monitor its implementation
    • Financial constraints of PDEA
    • Limited and poor information drive
    • Additional cost to the legitimate industry
    • Poor or low quality of the finished product produced
    • Decrease in profit and sales of the industry
    • Short shelf-life of the toluene-based contact cement with at least 5% mustard oil
    • Potential health hazard to the production workers

Findings have shown a decrease in the trend of abuse on toluene-based contact cement. However, inhalant abusers resorted to roof sealant as evidenced by the reports of the increase in its use.

Among the recommendations are the need to review some misleading provisions of the regulation and/or lessen if not replaced  the  mustard  oil  concentrations  in  toluene-based contact  cement  products  manufactured,  information  dissemination  to  better understand  the  policy especially  to  the  local  officials  who  enforce  the  law  and  all concerned stakeholders, including  production  workers  and  to  address  the  other emerging issues relating to the policy.