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DDB responds to the Statement of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights on the global human rights update

The Dangerous Drugs Board reiterates to the the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights that no policies have to be revoked because there are none which permit, tolerate, and condone killings and other human rights violations in relation to the Philippines’s anti-drug campaign.

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DDB provides funding support to Ormoc, BARMM LGU and La Union DOH-TRC

Three beneficiaries received a grant of 5 Million Pesos each from the Dangerous Drugs Board to aid the construction of in-patient and community-based drug treatment and rehabilitation facilities in their respective localities.

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Statement of the Dangerous Drugs Board on the Vape Product Containing Marijuana

The Dangerous Drugs Board (DDB) affirms and reiterates the warning issued by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) against the purchase and use of a vapor product refill, bearing the brand name “Gluttony” and flavor “Mamon,” found to contain cannabinol.

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DDB sets regulatory control requirements for Lianhua Qingwen capsules

In emphasizing a balanced national drug control program as a priority, the Dangerous Drugs Board sets the regulatory control requirements for Lianhua Qingwen capsules recently approved by the Food and Drug Administration.

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Admission to drug treatment and rehabilitation centers to resume with strict health and safety protocols amid the pandemic

Adjusting to the “New Normal,” the Dangerous Drugs Board (DDB) adopted infection prevention and control protocol to be followed upon the resumption of admissions and activities in drug treatment and rehabilitation facilities nationwide.

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DDB issues policy to ensure availability of physicians authorized to assess substance use disorder amid the pandemic

The Dangerous Drugs Board, in its recent special meeting, approved a Resolution extending the validity of provisional accreditation granted to physicians authorized to conduct Drug Dependency Examination (DDE) for a period of two years.

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DDB refutes heavy-handed approach in UN-OHCHR drug war report

The Philippine Government takes exception to the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) Report, especially as it relates to Philippine efforts to effectively address the pervasive menace and destructive effects of illegal drugs in the country.

The Philippines calls on the OHCHR to foster a positive spirit of cooperation with States Parties, with the view of releasing an unbiased report based on facts, legitimate figures and continuing consultations with key anti-drug agencies in the Philippines.

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Statement of the DDB on the change of leadership in the Philippine Drug Enforcement Agency

The Dangerous Drugs Board welcomes the assumption of new PDEA Director General Wilkins Villanueva after Malacañang released his appointment signed last 22 May 2020. Incoming DG Villanueva has been a steadfast partner of DDB even during his early years as career officer of PDEA. DDB has involved him in many of its anti-drug efforts particularly in policy formulation and strategy development aspects which helped craft many of its inter-agency priorities all these years. Recognizing him as the 7th Director-General of PDEA, DDB intends to engage more closely and deepen the collaboration with his leadership noting that he will become an Ex-Officio Member of the Board.

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DDB Eases the Use of Prescription Forms for Dangerous Drugs

The Dangerous Drugs Board now allows the use of ordinary prescription for medical preparations containing dangerous drugs.

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Statistical Analysis
CY 2019

A total of fifty-five (55) treatment and rehabilitation facilities reported to the Treatment and Rehabilitation Admission Information System (TRAIS). Of this, fifty-three (53) are residential and two (2) are outpatient.

From the facilities reporting, a total of five thousand two hundred twenty-seven (5,227) admissions were recorded. Five thousand one hundred nineteen (5,119) of this are new cases, twenty-two (22) are readmitted cases and eighty-six (86) have undergone treatment in an outpatient facility.

A slight decrease of 4.04% (220) in admission as compared to previous year was noted. This could be largely attributable to the community-based drug rehabilitation program (CBDRP) wherein those diagnosed as low to moderate risk need not enter treatment and rehabilitation program in a facility. Instead they are enrolled and given appropriate intervention through the CBDRP.

In 2019, an increase in the admission of plea bargaining of 1,991 as compared to 1,356 from previous year was reported, while voluntary submission with court order has declined by 13.24%. The percent decrease in voluntary submission with court order could be attributed to the individuals who opted to voluntarily surrender to the community and result of assessment shows that more drug users need only intervention through the CBDRP.

Demographic profile

Eighty-nine percent (89.02%) of the 2019 admission cases are males, around eleven percent (10.46%) females, and an insignificant percentage among them are LGBT (0.52%). The ratio of male to female is 9:1, with a mean age of 32 and a median of 33 years old. The youngest is 7 while the eldest is 68 years old. The highest percentage belongs to age group of 40 years old and above with twenty-seven percent (27.13%).

Almost half (49.28%) of the total admitted cases are single while twenty-six percent (25.54%) are married. Those who have live-in partners reached twenty-one percent (21.10%), and the rest are either widow/er, separated, divorced and annulled (4.07%).

As to educational attainment, twenty-eight percent (27.99%) of the center clients have attained high school level, followed by those who have graduated in high school (19.11%) and those who have reached college level at nineteen percent (18.71%).

The average monthly family income, as reported by the clients, is more than thirteen thousand pesos (Php 13,695.65).

With regard to the status of employment, those employed (either workers/employees or businessman and self-employed) comprised fifty-five percent (55.31%) while those unemployed totaled to thirty-nine percent (39.45%). Around five percent (5.20%) of clients are students (3.65%) while 1.55% are out-of-school youth. However, a few (0.04%) did not disclose their status of employment.

About thirty-two percent (32.41%) of the reported cases are residing in the National Capital Region prior to confinement, while almost fifteen percent (14.92%) are residents of Region 4-A or CALABARZON.

As regards to the age when client first tried drugs, thirty-eight percent (38.21%) belong to the age bracket of 15 to 19 years old. Forty-four percent (43.85%) claimed that they have taken drugs 2 to 5 times a week while around twenty-one percent (20.55%) on a weekly basis.

Most Commonly Abused Drugs

Methamphetamine Hydrochloride, commonly known as “Shabu” remains to be the main drug of abuse comprising ninety-four percent (93.72%) of the total admission. This is followed by Cannabis (Marijuana) at twenty-three percent (22.59%), and Contact Cement (Rugby) with less than one percent (0.73%). Mono drug use is still the nature of drug taking and the routes of administration are inhalation/sniffing and oral ingestion.

 

REPORTED CASES BY TYPE OF ADMISSION AND GENDER
(Facility Based)*
CY 2019
 
TYPE OF ADMISSION MALE FEMALE LGBT GRAND TOTAL
No. % No. % No. % No. %
NEW ADMISSION 4,557 87.18 535 10.24 27 0.52 5,119 97.93
RE-ADMISSION 21 0.40 1 0.02 - - 22 0.42
OUT-PATIENT 75 1.43 11 0.21 - - 86 1.65
TOTAL 4,653 89.02 547 10.46 27 0.52 5,227 100.00

* Total Reported Cases from Residential and Out-Patient Facilities

 

PROFILE OF DRUG ABUSERS
(Facility Based)
CY 2019

• AGE : Mean age of 32 years old; Median of 33 years
• SEX : Ratio of Male to Female 9:1
• CIVIL STATUS : Single (49.28%)
• STATUS OF EMPLOYMENT : Employed (55.31%)
• EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT : High School Level (27.99%)
• ECONOMIC STATUS : Average Family Income Php 13,695.65
• PLACE OF RESIDENCE : Urban (Specifically NCR 32.41%)
• DURATION OF DRUG USE : More than six (6) years
• NATURE OF DRUG TAKING : Mono drug use (abuse of 1 drug only)
• DRUGS/SUBSTANCES OF ABUSE :
Methamphetamine Hydrochloride (Shabu)
Cannabis (Marijuana)
Contact Cement (Rugby)

 

Profile of Drug Users

For the year 2018, fifty-four (54) treatment and rehabilitation facilities reported to the Treatment and Rehabilitation Information System (TRAIS). Of this, fifty-one (51) facilities are residential and three (3) are outpatient.

From the facilities reporting, a total of five thousand, four hundred forty-seven (5,447) admissions were recorded. Five thousand, one hundred eighty-eight (5,188) of this are new cases, one hundred seventy-one (171) are relapsed or readmitted cases and eighty-eight (88) have sought treatment in an out-patient facility.

A significant increase in admission (34.66%) as compared to previous year was observed. The continuous and relentless efforts of law enforcement and immediate response of local government units in the all-out campaign to eradicate the drug problem, assisting identified individuals with problems on drug use to avail treatment and rehabilitation programs, and the plea bargaining agreement which comprise almost twenty-five percent (24.89%) of the admissions, may have contributed to the increase.

 

PROFILE OF DRUG ABUSERS
(Facility Based)
CY 2018

• AGE : Mean age of 32 years old
• SEX : Ratio of Male to Female (9:1)
• CIVIL STATUS : Single (51.20%)
• STATUS OF EMPLOYMENT : Unemployed (50.06%)
• EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT : High School Level (28.14%)
• ECONOMIC STATUS : Average Family Income Php 11,265.10
• PLACE OF RESIDENCE : Urban (specifically NCR (4.81%)
• DURATION OF DRUG USE : More than six (6) years
• NATURE OF DRUG TAKING : Mono drug use (abuse of 1 drug only)
• DRUGS/SUBSTANCES OF ABUSE :
Methamphetamine Hydrochloride (Shabu)
Cannabis (Marijuana)
Contact Cement (Rugby)

 

 

REPORTED CASES BY TYPE OF ADMISSION AND SEX
(Facility Based)*
CY 2016
 
TYPE OF ADMISSION MALE FEMALE GRAND TOTAL
No. % No.  % No. %
NEW ADMISSION 4,337 71.34 351 5.77 4,688 77.12
RE-ADMISSION 1,064 17.50 62 1.02 1,126 18.52
OUT-PATIENT 247 4.06 18 0.30 265 4.36
TOTAL 5,648 92.91 431 7.09 6,079 100.00

* Total Reported Cases from Residential and Out-Patient Facilities

 

PROFILE OF DRUG ABUSERS
(Facility Based)*
CY 2016

• AGE : Mean age of 31 years
• SEX : Ratio of male and female 13:1
• CIVIL STATUS : Single 48.96%
• STATUS OF EMPLOYMENT : Unemployed 44.69%
• EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT : College Level 27.14%
• ECONOMIC STATUS : Average Monthly Family Income Php 13,937.65
• PLACE OF RESIDENCE : Urban (Specifically NCR 42.41%)
• DURATION OF DRUG USE : More than 6 years
• NATURE OF DRUG TAKING : Mono drug use**
• DRUGS/SUBSTANCES OF ABUSE :
Methamphetamine Hydrochloride (Shabu)
Cannabis (Marijuana)
MDMA (Ecstasy)
*Residential and Out-Patient Facilities
**Mono drug users - abuse of one (1) drug only

 

 

REPORTED CASES BY TYPE OF ADMISSION AND SEX
(Facility Based)*
CY 2017
 
TYPE OF ADMISSION MALE FEMALE GRAND TOTAL
No. % No.  % No. %
NEW ADMISSION 2,951 72.95 305 7.54 3,256 80.49
RE-ADMISSION 581 14.36 52 1.29 633 15.65
OUT-PATIENT 149 3.68 7 0.17 156 3.86
TOTAL 3,681 91.00 364 9.00 4,045 100.00

* Total Reported Cases from Residential and Out-Patient Facilities

 

PROFILE OF DRUG ABUSERS
(Facility Based)*
CY 2017

• AGE : Mean age of 31 years
• SEX : Ratio of male and female 10:1
• CIVIL STATUS : Single 53.52%
• STATUS OF EMPLOYMENT : Unemployed 45.96%
• EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT : High School Level 27.32%
• ECONOMIC STATUS : Average Monthly Family Income Php 12,337.57
• PLACE OF RESIDENCE : Urban (Specifically NCR 43.31%)
• DURATION OF DRUG USE : More than 6 years
• NATURE OF DRUG TAKING : Mono drug use**
• DRUGS/SUBSTANCES OF ABUSE :
Methamphetamine Hydrochloride (Shabu)
Cannabis (Marijuana)
Contact Cement (Rugby)
*Residential and Out-Patient Facilities
**Mono drug users - abuse of one (1) drug only