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Statement of the DDB on the change of leadership in the Philippine Drug Enforcement Agency

The Dangerous Drugs Board welcomes the assumption of new PDEA Director General Wilkins Villanueva after Malacañang released his appointment signed last 22 May 2020. Incoming DG Villanueva has been a steadfast partner of DDB even during his early years as career officer of PDEA. DDB has involved him in many of its anti-drug efforts particularly in policy formulation and strategy development aspects which helped craft many of its inter-agency priorities all these years. Recognizing him as the 7th Director-General of PDEA, DDB intends to engage more closely and deepen the collaboration with his leadership noting that he will become an Ex-Officio Member of the Board.

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DDB Eases the Use of Prescription Forms for Dangerous Drugs

The Dangerous Drugs Board now allows the use of ordinary prescription for medical preparations containing dangerous drugs.

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DDB advocates for the use of electronic prescription for dangerous drugs medication

The Dangerous Drugs Board appeals to doctors, pharmacists, and drug store personnel to consider the use of electronic prescription for medicines included in the list of dangerous drugs as the whole country is under a State of Calamity due to the COVID-19 pandemic.

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DDB, SDA Church hold program to update health directors on the Philippine Anti-Illegal Drugs Strategy (PADS) and board regulations

The Dangerous Drugs Board, in collaboration with the Southern Asia-Pacific Division of the Seventh-Day Adventist Church, convenes Luzon-based health directors of the religious group to update them on the Philippine Anti-Illegal Drugs Strategy (PADS) and relevant DDB regulations.

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DDB clarifies: CBD is not cannabis per se

The Dangerous Drugs Board would like to clarify that marijuana use remains illegal in the country for both recreational and medical use. The use of Cannabidiol, however, is being considered to be allowed for treatment of certain rare forms of epilepsy like Lennox-Gastaut and Dravet Syndrome.

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DDB, DOST-FNRI launch dietary manuals for Persons Who Use Drugs (PWUDs)

The Dangerous Drugs Board and the Department of Science and Technology-Food and Nutrition Research Institute, officially launch three dietary manuals to be used in Treatment and Rehabilitation Centers (TRCs) in the Philippines.

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DDB, DOST-FNRI to launch dietary manuals for Persons Who Use Drugs (PWUDs)

The Dangerous Drugs Board and the Department of Science and Technology-Food and Nutrition Research Institute, will officially launch three dietary manuals to be used in Treatment and Rehabilitation Centers (TRCs) in the Philippines.

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PRRD reappoints Cuy as Chairperson of DDB

Secretary Catalino S. Cuy was given a fresh mandate as the Chairperson of the Dangerous Drugs Board (DDB).

This was confirmed after President Rodrigo Duterte signed his reappointment papers on 21 January 2020. Secretary Cuy was first appointed at the DDB in January 2018 serving the remainder of the term of his predecessor.

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DDB’s response to the recommendations of the Vice President on the campaign against illegal drugs

The Dangerous Drugs Board notes the recommendations of Vice President Leni Robredo on the anti-drug campaign. The agency keeps in mind the ultimate goal of establishing drug-free communities as a serious commitment of the Duterte Administration.

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PROFILE OF DRUG ABUSERS
(Facility Based)*
CY 2010

AGE : Mean age of 29 years
SEX : Ratio of male to female 9:1
CIVIL STATUS : Single 52.64%
STATUS OF EMPLOYMENT : Unemployed 33.73%
EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT : College Level 29.54%
ECONOMIC STATUS : Average Monthly Family Income Php 17,545.14
PLACE OF RESIDENCE : Urban (Specifically NCR 43.75%)
DURATION OF DRUG - TAKING : More than six (6) years
NATURE OF DRUG - TAKING : Poly drug use**
DRUGS/SUBSTANCES OF ABUSE :
                                        Methamphetamine Hydrochloride (Shabu)
                                        Cannabis (Marijuana)
                                        Inhalants (Contact Cement Adhesive)

*Residential and Out-Patient Facilities
**Poly drug users - abuse of more than one (1) drug

DEMOGRAPHIC CHARACTERISTICS

       There were more male than female clients with a ratio of 9:1, with a mean age of 29 years old. The youngest center client was a 7 year old while the eldest was a 69 year old. The highest percentage belonged to age groups of 30 to 34 years old and 40 and above with 499 or 18.18%

       More than half of the center clients were single (52.64%) followed by married (28.31%), 11.62% had live in partners and 5.83% were separated prior to rehabilitation.

       As for educational attainment, 739 or 26.92% have reached high school level while 811 or 29.54% were able to reach college level.

       With regard to the status of employment, 33.73% were unemployed and 18.47% were either skilled or unskilled workers prior to their stay in the centers. Their average monthly family income is Php 17,545.14.

REPORTED CASES BY GENDER
(Facility Based)*
CY 2010

                                                   MALE             FEMALE     GRAND TOTAL
TYPE OF ADMISSION No. % No. % No. %
NEW ADMISSIONS 1,798 65.50 223 8.12 2,021 73.62
RE-ADMISSIONS 457 16.65 29 1.06 486 17.70
OUT-PATIENT 209 7.61 29 1.06 238 8.67
TOTAL 2,464 89.76 281 10.24 2,745 100.00

* Total Reported Cases from Residential and Out-Patient Facilities

DRUG ABUSE TREND: 2010 ANALYSIS

       For the year 2010, thirty-nine (39) residential treatment and three (3) outpatient facilities contributed data to the Integrated Drug Abuse Data and Information Network (IDADIN). These facilities reported a total 2,745 cases. Of this number, 73.62% or 2,021 were new admission, 17.70% or 486 were relapse cases and 8.67% or 238 were referrals from outpatient facilities.

       A 7.29% decrease was recorded from previous year. The decline may be due to the following reasons: people cannot afford the cost of treatment as most of the clients belong to the low income group; and the stereotype “denial syndrome” common among drug dependents, where they insist that they are in control of their drug-taking behavior and that any form of treatment. On the other hand, the intensified operations conducted by the law enforcement against pushers and drug traffickers may have contributed to the decline.

MOST COMMONLY USED/ABUSED DRUGS/SUBSTANCES
(Facility Based)*
CY 2010

DRUGS USED / ABUSED NEW ADMISSION RE-ADMISSION OUT-PATIENT GRAND TOTAL % based on the total number of responses (3,463) % based on the total number of admissions (2,745)
1. Methamphetamine Hydrochloride(Shabu) 1,354 423 152 1,929 55.70 70.27
2. Cannabis (Marijuana) 777 161 126 1,064 30.72 38.76
3. Inhalants (Contact Cement, Adhesive) 123 9 13 145 4.19 5.28
4. Benzodiazepines (Diazepam) 58 34 1 93 2.69 3.39
5. Cocaine 36 16 1 53 1.53 1.93
6. Cough / Cold Preparations 42 10   52 1.50 1.89
7. Nalbuphine Hydrochloride 41 8   49 1.41 1.79
MDMA (Ecstasy) 36 13   49 1.41 1.79
8. Solvent 7   1 8 0.23 0.29
9. Ketamine 4     4 0.12 0.15

* Total Reported Cases from Residential and Out-Patient Facilities


       Methamphetamine Hydrochloride commonly known as “shabu”, is still the most abused substance with reports of 1,929 cases, followed by Cannabis or Marijuana with 1,064 cases. Abuse of Contact Cement and other inhalants with 145 cases was also noted. The nature of drug taking remained to be poly-drug use The routes of administration are inhalation or sniffing and oral ingestion.