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Statement of the DDB on the change of leadership in the Philippine Drug Enforcement Agency

The Dangerous Drugs Board welcomes the assumption of new PDEA Director General Wilkins Villanueva after Malacañang released his appointment signed last 22 May 2020. Incoming DG Villanueva has been a steadfast partner of DDB even during his early years as career officer of PDEA. DDB has involved him in many of its anti-drug efforts particularly in policy formulation and strategy development aspects which helped craft many of its inter-agency priorities all these years. Recognizing him as the 7th Director-General of PDEA, DDB intends to engage more closely and deepen the collaboration with his leadership noting that he will become an Ex-Officio Member of the Board.

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DDB Eases the Use of Prescription Forms for Dangerous Drugs

The Dangerous Drugs Board now allows the use of ordinary prescription for medical preparations containing dangerous drugs.

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DDB advocates for the use of electronic prescription for dangerous drugs medication

The Dangerous Drugs Board appeals to doctors, pharmacists, and drug store personnel to consider the use of electronic prescription for medicines included in the list of dangerous drugs as the whole country is under a State of Calamity due to the COVID-19 pandemic.

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DDB, SDA Church hold program to update health directors on the Philippine Anti-Illegal Drugs Strategy (PADS) and board regulations

The Dangerous Drugs Board, in collaboration with the Southern Asia-Pacific Division of the Seventh-Day Adventist Church, convenes Luzon-based health directors of the religious group to update them on the Philippine Anti-Illegal Drugs Strategy (PADS) and relevant DDB regulations.

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DDB clarifies: CBD is not cannabis per se

The Dangerous Drugs Board would like to clarify that marijuana use remains illegal in the country for both recreational and medical use. The use of Cannabidiol, however, is being considered to be allowed for treatment of certain rare forms of epilepsy like Lennox-Gastaut and Dravet Syndrome.

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DDB, DOST-FNRI launch dietary manuals for Persons Who Use Drugs (PWUDs)

The Dangerous Drugs Board and the Department of Science and Technology-Food and Nutrition Research Institute, officially launch three dietary manuals to be used in Treatment and Rehabilitation Centers (TRCs) in the Philippines.

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DDB, DOST-FNRI to launch dietary manuals for Persons Who Use Drugs (PWUDs)

The Dangerous Drugs Board and the Department of Science and Technology-Food and Nutrition Research Institute, will officially launch three dietary manuals to be used in Treatment and Rehabilitation Centers (TRCs) in the Philippines.

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PRRD reappoints Cuy as Chairperson of DDB

Secretary Catalino S. Cuy was given a fresh mandate as the Chairperson of the Dangerous Drugs Board (DDB).

This was confirmed after President Rodrigo Duterte signed his reappointment papers on 21 January 2020. Secretary Cuy was first appointed at the DDB in January 2018 serving the remainder of the term of his predecessor.

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DDB’s response to the recommendations of the Vice President on the campaign against illegal drugs

The Dangerous Drugs Board notes the recommendations of Vice President Leni Robredo on the anti-drug campaign. The agency keeps in mind the ultimate goal of establishing drug-free communities as a serious commitment of the Duterte Administration.

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PROFILE OF DRUG ABUSERS
(Facility based)
CY 2006

AGE : Mean age of 28 years
SEX : Ratio of male to female 9:1
CIVIL STATUS : Single 57.77%
OCCUPATION : Unemployed 35.81%
EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT : High School level 29.79%
ECONOMIC STATUS:Average monthly family income P13,706.43
PLACE OF RESIDENCE : Urban (specifically NCR 58.32%)
DURATION OF DRUG TAKING : More than six (6) years
NATURE OF DRUG – TAKING : Poly drug use**
DRUGS OF ABUSE : Methamphetamine Hydrochloride (Shabu)
                                 Cannabis (Marijuana)
                                 Inhalants (Contact Cement  Ex.: Rugby)

*Residential and Out-Patient Facility

** Poly drug users – abuse drugs one after the other or in combination with other intoxicating substances.


THE DEMOGRAPHIC CHARACTERISTICS OF FACILITY-BASED CLIENTS FOR 2006

       There were more males than females in the centers’ population; the ratio is 9:1.  Most of the admitted cases, 889 (18.90% were in the age group of 25 to 29 years old.  The average or mean age is 28 years old; the youngest is 6 years old (from an outpatient facility) while the oldest is 73 years old (from a residential facility). The initial drug use, as claimed by the clients, happened between ages 15 to 19 years old. It was also noted that the duration of drug taking prior to admission is six years and above.

       More than half or 57.77% (2,717) of the total admission were single; 25.77% (1,212) were married; 10.91% (513) have live-in partners, and 4.25% (200) were separated.  Of the 4,703 cases, 35.81% (1,684) were unemployed.  For those who were employed, 34.42% (1,619) were workers, and 9.74% (458) were self-employed/ businessmen, prior to admission.

       Urban areas had the highest percentage of cases specifically the NCR with 58.32% (2,743), followed by Region IV-A, 11.67% (549).  The distribution of cases can be seen below:

       As to educational attainment, most of the clients reached high school level (29.79%) while others have college education (25.11%).

       The average monthly family income is 13,706.43.  The lowest monthly income is reported to be 300.  The most popular source of drugs is friends/peers (50.56%) and pushers (33.64%).

 

NUMBER OF REPORTED CASES BY GENDER
(Facility - Based)
CY 2006

                                                   MALE             FEMALE       GRAND TOTAL
TYPE OF ADMISSION NO. % NO. % NO. %
NEW ADMISSIONS 2,759 58.66 309 6.57 3,068 65.23
READMISSIONS 565 12.01 31 0.66 596 12.67
OUT - PATIENT 901 19.16 138 2.93 1,039 22.09
T O T A L 4,225 89.84 478 10.16 4,703 100.00

*  Total Reported Cases from Residential and Out-Patient Facilities

 

MOST COMMONLY USED/ ABUSED DRUGS
(Facility Based)
CY 2006

DRUGS USED / ABUSED NEW ADMISSIONS RE-ADMISSIONS OUT-PATIENT GRAND TOTAL % based on the total number of responses % based on the total number of admissions
1. Methamphetamine Hydrochloride 2,219 523 514 3,256 52.23 69.23
2. Cannabis (Marijuana) 1,057 229 521 1,807 28.99 38.42
3. Inhalants (Contact Cement Ex.: Rugby) 288 32 243 563 9.03 11.97
4. Benzodiazepines 102 64 7 173 2.78 3.68
5. Cough / Cold Preparations 97 30 1 128 2.05 2.72
6. MDMA (Ecstasy) 53 16 2 71 1.14 1.51
7. Nalbuphine Hydrochloride (Nubain) 21 8   29 0.47 0.62
8. Psilocybin (Magic Mushroom) 15 8   23 0.37 0.49
9. Solvent 6 3 7 16 0.26 0.34
10. Ketamine 10 5   15 0.24 0.32

*  Total Reported Cases from Residential and Out-Patient Facilities

       Drug abusers remain to be poly drugs users as indicated by their most commonly abused drugs which are Methamphetamine hydrochloride (shabu), 69.23% and cannabis (marijuana), 38.42%.  Abuse of contact cement (ex. Rugby) is also reported at 11.97%.

       Others preferred Benzodiazepines, 3.68% and cough/cold preparations, 2.72%.  The common route/mode of use is still inhalation/sniffing and oral ingestion.