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Statement of the DDB on the change of leadership in the Philippine Drug Enforcement Agency

The Dangerous Drugs Board welcomes the assumption of new PDEA Director General Wilkins Villanueva after Malacañang released his appointment signed last 22 May 2020. Incoming DG Villanueva has been a steadfast partner of DDB even during his early years as career officer of PDEA. DDB has involved him in many of its anti-drug efforts particularly in policy formulation and strategy development aspects which helped craft many of its inter-agency priorities all these years. Recognizing him as the 7th Director-General of PDEA, DDB intends to engage more closely and deepen the collaboration with his leadership noting that he will become an Ex-Officio Member of the Board.

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DDB Eases the Use of Prescription Forms for Dangerous Drugs

The Dangerous Drugs Board now allows the use of ordinary prescription for medical preparations containing dangerous drugs.

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DDB advocates for the use of electronic prescription for dangerous drugs medication

The Dangerous Drugs Board appeals to doctors, pharmacists, and drug store personnel to consider the use of electronic prescription for medicines included in the list of dangerous drugs as the whole country is under a State of Calamity due to the COVID-19 pandemic.

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DDB, SDA Church hold program to update health directors on the Philippine Anti-Illegal Drugs Strategy (PADS) and board regulations

The Dangerous Drugs Board, in collaboration with the Southern Asia-Pacific Division of the Seventh-Day Adventist Church, convenes Luzon-based health directors of the religious group to update them on the Philippine Anti-Illegal Drugs Strategy (PADS) and relevant DDB regulations.

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DDB clarifies: CBD is not cannabis per se

The Dangerous Drugs Board would like to clarify that marijuana use remains illegal in the country for both recreational and medical use. The use of Cannabidiol, however, is being considered to be allowed for treatment of certain rare forms of epilepsy like Lennox-Gastaut and Dravet Syndrome.

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DDB, DOST-FNRI launch dietary manuals for Persons Who Use Drugs (PWUDs)

The Dangerous Drugs Board and the Department of Science and Technology-Food and Nutrition Research Institute, officially launch three dietary manuals to be used in Treatment and Rehabilitation Centers (TRCs) in the Philippines.

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DDB, DOST-FNRI to launch dietary manuals for Persons Who Use Drugs (PWUDs)

The Dangerous Drugs Board and the Department of Science and Technology-Food and Nutrition Research Institute, will officially launch three dietary manuals to be used in Treatment and Rehabilitation Centers (TRCs) in the Philippines.

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PRRD reappoints Cuy as Chairperson of DDB

Secretary Catalino S. Cuy was given a fresh mandate as the Chairperson of the Dangerous Drugs Board (DDB).

This was confirmed after President Rodrigo Duterte signed his reappointment papers on 21 January 2020. Secretary Cuy was first appointed at the DDB in January 2018 serving the remainder of the term of his predecessor.

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DDB’s response to the recommendations of the Vice President on the campaign against illegal drugs

The Dangerous Drugs Board notes the recommendations of Vice President Leni Robredo on the anti-drug campaign. The agency keeps in mind the ultimate goal of establishing drug-free communities as a serious commitment of the Duterte Administration.

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PROFILE OF DRUG ABUSERS
(Facility based)
CY 2009

AGE : Mean age of 28 years
SEX : Ratio of male to female 10:1
CIVIL STATUS : Single 58.02%
OCCUPATION : Unemployed 35.97%
EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT : High School Level 30.06%
ECONOMIC STATUS:Average monthly family income P16,290.80
PLACE OF RESIDENCE : Urban (specifically NCR 47.92%)
DURATION OF DRUG TAKING : More than six (6) years
NATURE OF DRUG – TAKING : Poly drug use**
DRUGS OF ABUSE : Methamphetamine Hydrochloride (Shabu)
                                 Cannabis (Marijuana)
                                 Inhalants (Contact Cement Adhesive)

*Residential and Out-Patient Facilities

**Poly drug users -  abuse drugs one after the other or in combination with other intoxicating substances.

 

DEMOGRAPHIC CHARACTERISTICS

There were more males than female clients with a ratio of 10:1, with a mean age of 28 years old.   The youngest center client was 10 years old while the eldest was 74 years old. The highest percent belong to age group of 15 to 19 years old with 569 or 19.22%.

More than half of the center clients were single (58.02%) followed by married (25.50%), 9.15% had live-in partners and 6.08% were separated prior to rehabilitation.

As to educational attainment, 890 or 30.06% have reached high school level while 794 or 26.82% were able to reach college level.

With regard to the status of employment, 35.97% were unemployed and 18.95% were either skilled or unskilled workers prior to their stay in the centers. Their average monthly family income is Php 16,290.80.


 

REPORTED CASES BY GENDER
(Facility - Based)
CY 2009

                                                   MALE             FEMALE       GRAND TOTAL
TYPE OF ADMISSION NO. % NO. % NO. %
NEW ADMISSIONS 1,799 60.76 214 7.23 2,013 67.98
READMISSIONS 458 15.47 30 1.01 488 16.48
OUT - PATIENT 425 14.35 35 1.18 460 15.54
T O T A L 2,682 90.58 279 9.42 2,961 100.00

* Total Reported Cases from Residential and Out-Patient Facilities

CY 2009 ANALYSIS

For the year 2009, a total of 2,961 cases were reported by the different rehabilitation facilities nationwide. Of this number, 67.98% or 2,013 were new admission, 16.48% or 488 were relapse cases and 15.54% or 460 were referrals from outpatient facilities.

A downward trend can be seen since 2006.  The decline maybe attributed to the following:  People cannot afford the cost of treatment; there is misconception on what goes on inside treatment and rehabilitation facilities, and the stereotype “denial syndrome” common among drug dependents, where they insist that they are in control of their drug-taking behavior and that there is no need for them to undergo any form of treatment. Another reason for the decline can be credited to the relentless efforts of the government to eradicate the drug problem as supported by the data on the increased operations conducted and the development and implementation of preventive education programs for different target groups.


 

MOST COMMONLY USED/ABUSED DRUGS/SUBSTANCES
(Facility Based)
CY 2009

DRUGS USED / ABUSED NEW ADMISSIONS RE-ADMISSIONS OUT-PATIENT GRAND TOTAL % based on the total number of responses (3,908) % based on the total number of admissions (2,961)
1. Methamphetamine Hydrochloride(Shabu) 1,284 394 214 1,892 48.41 63.90
2. Cannabis (Marijuana) 875 211 291 1,377 35.24 46.50
3. Inhalants (Contact Cement Ex.: Rugby) 195 25 60 280 7.16 9.46
4. Benzodiazepines 87 33 8 128 3.28 4.32
5. Nalbuphine Hydrochloride (Nubain) 43 4   47 1.20 1.59
6. MDMA (Ecstasy) 36 9 2 47 1.20 1.59
7. Cocaine 29 14 1 44 1.13 1.49
8. Cough / Cold Preparations 19 4 2 25 0.64 0.84
9. Ketamine 9 2   11 0.28 0.37
10. Solvent 4 6 1 11 0.28 0.37

* Total Reported Cases from Residential and Out-Patient Facilities

Methamphetamine Hydrochloride commonly known as “Shabu” is still the most drug of abuse with 1,892 cases, followed by Cannabis or Marijuana with 1,377 cases.  Abuse of Contact Cement like rugby with 280 cases was also noted.  The nature of drug taking remained to be poly-drug use.

The routes of administration are inhalation/sniffing and oral ingestion.