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Admission to drug treatment and rehabilitation centers to resume with strict health and safety protocols amid the pandemic

Adjusting to the “New Normal,” the Dangerous Drugs Board (DDB) adopted infection prevention and control protocol to be followed upon the resumption of admissions and activities in drug treatment and rehabilitation facilities nationwide.

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DDB issues policy to ensure availability of physicians authorized to assess substance use disorder amid the pandemic

The Dangerous Drugs Board, in its recent special meeting, approved a Resolution extending the validity of provisional accreditation granted to physicians authorized to conduct Drug Dependency Examination (DDE) for a period of two years.

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DDB refutes heavy-handed approach in UN-OHCHR drug war report

The Philippine Government takes exception to the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) Report, especially as it relates to Philippine efforts to effectively address the pervasive menace and destructive effects of illegal drugs in the country.

The Philippines calls on the OHCHR to foster a positive spirit of cooperation with States Parties, with the view of releasing an unbiased report based on facts, legitimate figures and continuing consultations with key anti-drug agencies in the Philippines.

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Statement of the DDB on the change of leadership in the Philippine Drug Enforcement Agency

The Dangerous Drugs Board welcomes the assumption of new PDEA Director General Wilkins Villanueva after Malacañang released his appointment signed last 22 May 2020. Incoming DG Villanueva has been a steadfast partner of DDB even during his early years as career officer of PDEA. DDB has involved him in many of its anti-drug efforts particularly in policy formulation and strategy development aspects which helped craft many of its inter-agency priorities all these years. Recognizing him as the 7th Director-General of PDEA, DDB intends to engage more closely and deepen the collaboration with his leadership noting that he will become an Ex-Officio Member of the Board.

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DDB Eases the Use of Prescription Forms for Dangerous Drugs

The Dangerous Drugs Board now allows the use of ordinary prescription for medical preparations containing dangerous drugs.

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DDB advocates for the use of electronic prescription for dangerous drugs medication

The Dangerous Drugs Board appeals to doctors, pharmacists, and drug store personnel to consider the use of electronic prescription for medicines included in the list of dangerous drugs as the whole country is under a State of Calamity due to the COVID-19 pandemic.

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DDB, SDA Church hold program to update health directors on the Philippine Anti-Illegal Drugs Strategy (PADS) and board regulations

The Dangerous Drugs Board, in collaboration with the Southern Asia-Pacific Division of the Seventh-Day Adventist Church, convenes Luzon-based health directors of the religious group to update them on the Philippine Anti-Illegal Drugs Strategy (PADS) and relevant DDB regulations.

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DDB clarifies: CBD is not cannabis per se

The Dangerous Drugs Board would like to clarify that marijuana use remains illegal in the country for both recreational and medical use. The use of Cannabidiol, however, is being considered to be allowed for treatment of certain rare forms of epilepsy like Lennox-Gastaut and Dravet Syndrome.

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DDB, DOST-FNRI launch dietary manuals for Persons Who Use Drugs (PWUDs)

The Dangerous Drugs Board and the Department of Science and Technology-Food and Nutrition Research Institute, officially launch three dietary manuals to be used in Treatment and Rehabilitation Centers (TRCs) in the Philippines.

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REPORTED CASES BY TYPE OF ADMISSION AND GENDER
(Facility Based)*
CY 2015
 
TYPE OF ADMISSION MALE FEMALE GRAND TOTAL
No. % No.  % No. %
NEW ADMISSION 4,010 74.23 315 5.83 4,325 80.06
RE-ADMISSION 1,031 19.09 46 0.85 1,077 19.94
TOTAL 5,041 93.32 361 6.68 5,402 100.00

* Total Reported Cases from Residential Facilities

 

PROFILE OF DRUG ABUSERS
(Facility Based)*
CY 2015

• AGE : Mean age of 31 years
• SEX : Ratio of male and female 14:1
• CIVIL STATUS : Single 49.13%
• STATUS OF EMPLOYMENT : Unemployed 53.20%
• EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT : College Level 28.34%
• ECONOMIC STATUS : Average Monthly Family Income Php 10,172.00
• PLACE OF RESIDENCE : Urban (specifically NCR 43.89%)
• DURATION OF DRUG – TAKING : More than six (6) years
• NATURE OF DRUG – TAKING : Poly drug use**
• DRUGS/SUBSTANCES OF ABUSE :
Methamphetamine Hydrochloride (Shabu)
Cannabis (Marijuana)
Cocaine
*Residential Facilities
**Poly drug users – abuse of more than one (1) drug

 

STATISTICAL ANALYSIS
CY 2015

A total of five thousand four hundred-two (5,402) admissions are reported by the different facilities nationwide. Of this number, four thousand three hundred twenty-five (4,325) are new admissions, one thousand seventy-seven (1,077) are relapsed or re-admitted cases from either the same or different facilities. There are, however, no reported out-patient cases for this year. These are based from the reports submitted by thirty-one (31) residential facilities nationwide.

An increase of thirty percent (29.86%) admission compared from the previous year was noted which may be brought about by the following: Intensified advocacy program of the government to convince families to love and support those who have drug problems and need to undergo treatment and rehabilitation; the continuous improvement of treatment and rehabilitation programs, methodologies, facilities and service; and conduct of In- house seminars and dialogues to better serve those who need interventions.

On the other hand, the intensified operations conducted by the law enforcement that led to the increasing arrests of users for rehabilitation may also be attributed to the increase of admission to the treatment and rehabilitation facilities


Demographic Characteristics

Around ninety-three percent (93.32%) of the admitted cases are males and seven percent (6.68%) are females. The ratio of male to female is 14:1 with a mean age of 31 years old. The youngest is 10 years old while the eldest is 67 years old, and the highest percentage belongs to age group of 30 – 34 years old with one thousand ninety-three cases (1,093) and with an equivalent to twenty percent (20.23%).

Almost half of the total admitted cases are single, with forty-nine percent(49.13%) followed by married with a total percent of thirty-four (34.08), while the rest is almost seventeen percent (16.79%) represents live-in, widow/er, separated and divorced.

Based on the educational attainment, twenty-eight percent (28.34%) of the center clients comprised those who have reached college level, followed by those who reached high school with twenty-three percent (23.12%) and those who have finished high school at eighteen percent (18.35%).

The average monthly family income among center clients is ten thousand one hundred seventy-two pesos (Php10,172.00).

Of the total admission from various treatment facilities, fifty-three percent (53.20%) are unemployed, twenty percent (19.77%) are skilled/unskilled workers, and seven percent (6.94%) are out–of-school youth.

Almost forty-four percent (43.89%) of the reported cases are residing in the National Capital Region (NCR) prior to their rehabilitation, while eighteen percent (18.59%) and seventeen percent (17.27%) come from Region IV-A and Region IV-B respectively.

As to the age when the client first tried to use drugs, around forty-nine percent (48.85%) of the reported cases belong to the age group of 15-19 years old. Almost fifty-nine percent (58.52%) have taken drugs 2 – 5 times a week while twenty-one percent (20.64%) take it on a daily basis.


Most Commonly Abused Drugs

Methamphetamine Hydrochloride (shabu) remains to be the primary drug of abuse among center clients with ninety-seven percent (96.74%) of the total admission, followed by Cannabis (Marijuana) at around twenty-five percent (24.94%) and Cocaine with one percent (1.11%). The nature of drug taking remained to be poly-drug user.

The routes of administration are inhalation/sniffing and oral ingestion.