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Statement of the DDB on the change of leadership in the Philippine Drug Enforcement Agency

The Dangerous Drugs Board welcomes the assumption of new PDEA Director General Wilkins Villanueva after Malacañang released his appointment signed last 22 May 2020. Incoming DG Villanueva has been a steadfast partner of DDB even during his early years as career officer of PDEA. DDB has involved him in many of its anti-drug efforts particularly in policy formulation and strategy development aspects which helped craft many of its inter-agency priorities all these years. Recognizing him as the 7th Director-General of PDEA, DDB intends to engage more closely and deepen the collaboration with his leadership noting that he will become an Ex-Officio Member of the Board.

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DDB Eases the Use of Prescription Forms for Dangerous Drugs

The Dangerous Drugs Board now allows the use of ordinary prescription for medical preparations containing dangerous drugs.

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DDB advocates for the use of electronic prescription for dangerous drugs medication

The Dangerous Drugs Board appeals to doctors, pharmacists, and drug store personnel to consider the use of electronic prescription for medicines included in the list of dangerous drugs as the whole country is under a State of Calamity due to the COVID-19 pandemic.

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DDB, SDA Church hold program to update health directors on the Philippine Anti-Illegal Drugs Strategy (PADS) and board regulations

The Dangerous Drugs Board, in collaboration with the Southern Asia-Pacific Division of the Seventh-Day Adventist Church, convenes Luzon-based health directors of the religious group to update them on the Philippine Anti-Illegal Drugs Strategy (PADS) and relevant DDB regulations.

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DDB clarifies: CBD is not cannabis per se

The Dangerous Drugs Board would like to clarify that marijuana use remains illegal in the country for both recreational and medical use. The use of Cannabidiol, however, is being considered to be allowed for treatment of certain rare forms of epilepsy like Lennox-Gastaut and Dravet Syndrome.

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DDB, DOST-FNRI launch dietary manuals for Persons Who Use Drugs (PWUDs)

The Dangerous Drugs Board and the Department of Science and Technology-Food and Nutrition Research Institute, officially launch three dietary manuals to be used in Treatment and Rehabilitation Centers (TRCs) in the Philippines.

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DDB, DOST-FNRI to launch dietary manuals for Persons Who Use Drugs (PWUDs)

The Dangerous Drugs Board and the Department of Science and Technology-Food and Nutrition Research Institute, will officially launch three dietary manuals to be used in Treatment and Rehabilitation Centers (TRCs) in the Philippines.

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PRRD reappoints Cuy as Chairperson of DDB

Secretary Catalino S. Cuy was given a fresh mandate as the Chairperson of the Dangerous Drugs Board (DDB).

This was confirmed after President Rodrigo Duterte signed his reappointment papers on 21 January 2020. Secretary Cuy was first appointed at the DDB in January 2018 serving the remainder of the term of his predecessor.

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DDB’s response to the recommendations of the Vice President on the campaign against illegal drugs

The Dangerous Drugs Board notes the recommendations of Vice President Leni Robredo on the anti-drug campaign. The agency keeps in mind the ultimate goal of establishing drug-free communities as a serious commitment of the Duterte Administration.

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Mobile Research-Based Drug Schooling Program for Selected High Risk Groups

This project aimed to develop a research-based drug abuse prevention modular program for identified high-risk groups such as commercial sex workers, guest relation officers and other selected workers. The result was a four (4) module research based comprehensive schooling program addressing the needs of target beneficiaries.

Perceptions of Selected Respondents on the Land Transportation’s Office (LTO) Mandatory Drug Testing Program as a Requirement for the Application and Renewal of Driver’s Licenses

The characteristics and perceptions of selected respondents regarding mandatory drug testing program of the Land Transportation Office were elicited in this study. A total of 1,126 new and renewal applicants for driver’s license from selected areas in Metro Manila, Southern Tagalog, Bicol, Central and Northern Mindanao were included as respondents for the study.

Findings:

    • Most of the subjects were males, with a mean age of 35.5, the youngest was 19, the oldest was 67. Sixty-seven percent (67%) of them were issued professional driver’s licenses.
    • 76.6% were in favor of the mandatory drug test as a requirement for the application of a driver’s license;
    • 11% among the respondents perceived the mandatory drug testing program as an effective tool in reducing the number of traffic-related accidents and violence. 47.8% regarded the program fairly effective citing the once every three years scheduled conduct of the drug testing. 13.1% said it would never be effective.
    • 70% of the respondents were willing to undergo counseling and rehabilitation if it will become LTO’s policy not to issue or renew licenses for those found positive for drugs.
    • 57% of the respondents were in favor of the continued implementation of the mandatory drug test provided that some modifications be implemented to strengthen the program.
    • Analysis of the data on traffic-related accidents and violence obtained from the traffic management bureaus, before and after the mandatory program was implemented, revealed no impact in reducing the number of occurrences of traffic-related accidents and violence. Majority of the traffic accidents and violence were more likely brought by the continued registration of new vehicles, urbanization/modernization and undisciplined drivers, which caused traffic congestions and sometimes, resulted to traffic accidents and violence.


An Analysis of Amphetamine Type Stimulants (ATS) Abuse among Center Clients Reported by Various Rehabilitation Centers Nationwide

This study analyzed the emergence and trends of ATS abuse, and the profile of users. Documentary analysis of existing data taken from the DDB Annual Reports and other related literature was utilized in the review.

Findings:

  • ATS first appeared in the country in 1983, but it was only in 1986 when the first case was recorded by the DDB Central Screening and Referral Unit. In 1988, the cases admitted rose to 111. And by 1990, it became the no. 2 drug of abuse and became no. 1 in 1992. The main reason given for its use was peer pressure. To date, shabu remains the most popular drug of abuse.
  • The profile of ATS abusers in 2001, were as follows:

Age - mean age is 27
Sex - predominantly male
Marital Status - single
Family Size - 3-4 siblings
Occupation - workers, employees, students
Educational Attainment - college level

An Evaluation of the Nationwide Search for KID Listo Program

As part of its monitoring and evaluation initiatives, the Policy Studies, Research and Statistics Division of the DDB conducted an evaluation of the Nationwide Search for KID Listo Program Implementers. KID Listo is a program which seeks to enlist participation of students, youth, and the academe in drug abuse prevention campaigns and advocacies. This program is implemented by the DDB Preventive Education, Training and Information Division in collaboration with the Inter-Agency Committee on Drug Abuse Preventive Education and the Department of Education. Part of the program is the conduct of a Nationwide Search for KID Listo Program Implementers, which is the subject of this study.

The evaluation study aimed to determine the outcome and effectiveness of the program on drug abuse prevention and control. Samples of the study include 33 program coordinators and KID Listo advisers, 15 parents, 375 students and 15 KID Listo division, regional and national winners. Questionnaires, documentary analysis, and interview with selected group of respondents were employed.

Findings:

    • Winners of the program were honor students and active members of various clubs in schools, which validated the requirements, set by the Department of Education. 34.4% acted as facilitators on most student activities in their various clubs or organizations. Benefits gained by the target beneficiaries included less incidence of smoking and drug use (29.3%) in the school and awareness on the dangers of drug abuse (14.6%). 9.6% stated no benefit was gained because their schools were already drug-free at the time of the Search. Most of the problems experienced after the Search was the sustainability of the program.
      • Some of the winners in the national and regional levels came from science or laboratory schools where there is seemingly low risk of drug abuse.
      • As to the effectiveness of the program in reducing the number of drug users in the schools and communities and in increasing their level of awareness, no generalization can be made due to the following factors - lack of evaluation on similar studies conducted in the areas and school where the winners come from to determine its impact or effectiveness; the institutionalization of the Drug Education Program in both private and public schools; and the presence of drug pushers/traffickers near the school environment or communities which remained unabated.
      • Based on the results, among the recommendations given are the following -review of the criteria/requirements of the Search, early dissemination of information regarding the Search, plan for the sustainability of the program and periodic conduct of monitoring and evaluation.


Factors Affecting the Licensing, Accreditation and Operation of Drug Testing Laboratories

The study assessed the factors, which affect the licensing, accreditation and operation of DDB licensed and LTO accredited drug testing laboratories. It determined and identified problems and recommendations on how to improve the operations of the LTO’s Mandatory Drug Testing Program and its impact on the drug abuse prevention program of the government.

Thirty-eight (38) laboratory staff served as subjects composed mainly of licensed medical technologists, chemists, owners and non-technical personnel directly involved in the operation of these drug testing clinics. Interview and self-administered questionnaires were the instruments used in data collection from March to June 2002.

Findings:

    • 97% were operating as Class C Laboratories, performing drug screening tests.
    • 71% of laboratories also conduct drug screening tests for persons securing permit for possession of firearms, pre-employment requirements for teachers and other government agencies, and private companies.
    • 64% of laboratories preferred to affiliate with private companies for faster retrieval of drug tests results as they have lesser workload as compared to government agencies while 36% preferred government agencies for lesser fees, specific use of machines for drug tests, more trained and experienced personnel.
    • Among the problems encountered by drug testing laboratories were concerned with clients’ complaints on drug testing cost; threats from clients who screened positive for drugs directed to medical technologist/chemist to change results of the drug tests; clients who do not return for their confirmatory test results; presence of a number of fixers and disproportionate number of drug testing laboratories vis-Ă -vis the number of potential clienteles, especially in the Regions.
    • Based on the results, the recommendations include, among others, a review of the licensing, accreditation and monitoring procedures being implemented by the LTO to determine the effectiveness of the Mandatory Drug Testing Program on the drug abuse prevention and control efforts of the government; the initiation of a drug abuse treatment and rehabilitation program for drivers found positive for drug use either for out-patient counseling or for residential confinement, if the applicant is a drug dependent; and the conduct of a drug abuse seminar for applicants of driver’s license.