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Statement of the DDB on the change of leadership in the Philippine Drug Enforcement Agency

The Dangerous Drugs Board welcomes the assumption of new PDEA Director General Wilkins Villanueva after Malacañang released his appointment signed last 22 May 2020. Incoming DG Villanueva has been a steadfast partner of DDB even during his early years as career officer of PDEA. DDB has involved him in many of its anti-drug efforts particularly in policy formulation and strategy development aspects which helped craft many of its inter-agency priorities all these years. Recognizing him as the 7th Director-General of PDEA, DDB intends to engage more closely and deepen the collaboration with his leadership noting that he will become an Ex-Officio Member of the Board.

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DDB Eases the Use of Prescription Forms for Dangerous Drugs

The Dangerous Drugs Board now allows the use of ordinary prescription for medical preparations containing dangerous drugs.

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DDB advocates for the use of electronic prescription for dangerous drugs medication

The Dangerous Drugs Board appeals to doctors, pharmacists, and drug store personnel to consider the use of electronic prescription for medicines included in the list of dangerous drugs as the whole country is under a State of Calamity due to the COVID-19 pandemic.

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DDB, SDA Church hold program to update health directors on the Philippine Anti-Illegal Drugs Strategy (PADS) and board regulations

The Dangerous Drugs Board, in collaboration with the Southern Asia-Pacific Division of the Seventh-Day Adventist Church, convenes Luzon-based health directors of the religious group to update them on the Philippine Anti-Illegal Drugs Strategy (PADS) and relevant DDB regulations.

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DDB clarifies: CBD is not cannabis per se

The Dangerous Drugs Board would like to clarify that marijuana use remains illegal in the country for both recreational and medical use. The use of Cannabidiol, however, is being considered to be allowed for treatment of certain rare forms of epilepsy like Lennox-Gastaut and Dravet Syndrome.

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DDB, DOST-FNRI launch dietary manuals for Persons Who Use Drugs (PWUDs)

The Dangerous Drugs Board and the Department of Science and Technology-Food and Nutrition Research Institute, officially launch three dietary manuals to be used in Treatment and Rehabilitation Centers (TRCs) in the Philippines.

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DDB, DOST-FNRI to launch dietary manuals for Persons Who Use Drugs (PWUDs)

The Dangerous Drugs Board and the Department of Science and Technology-Food and Nutrition Research Institute, will officially launch three dietary manuals to be used in Treatment and Rehabilitation Centers (TRCs) in the Philippines.

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PRRD reappoints Cuy as Chairperson of DDB

Secretary Catalino S. Cuy was given a fresh mandate as the Chairperson of the Dangerous Drugs Board (DDB).

This was confirmed after President Rodrigo Duterte signed his reappointment papers on 21 January 2020. Secretary Cuy was first appointed at the DDB in January 2018 serving the remainder of the term of his predecessor.

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DDB’s response to the recommendations of the Vice President on the campaign against illegal drugs

The Dangerous Drugs Board notes the recommendations of Vice President Leni Robredo on the anti-drug campaign. The agency keeps in mind the ultimate goal of establishing drug-free communities as a serious commitment of the Duterte Administration.

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PROFILE OF DRUG ABUSERS
(Facility Based)*
CY 2012

AGE : Mean age of 29 years
SEX : Ratio of male to female 10:1
CIVIL STATUS : Single 52.11%
STATUS OF EMPLOYMENT : Unemployed 38.67%
EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT : College Level 32.22%
ECONOMIC STATUS : Average Monthly Family Income Php 15,789
PLACE OF RESIDENCE : Urban (Specifically NCR 47.70%)
DURATION OF DRUG - TAKING : More than six (6) years
NATURE OF DRUG - TAKING : Poly drug use**
DRUGS/SUBSTANCES OF ABUSE :
                                           Methamphetamine Hydrochloride (Shabu)
                                           Cannabis (Marijuana)
                                           Inhalants (Contact Cement Adhesive)

* Residential and Out-Patient Facilities
** Poly drug users - abuse of more than one (1) drug

DEMOGRAPHIC CHARACTERISTICS

       There were more males than female clients, ratio of 10:1. The mean age remained to be 29 years old, youngest, is 8 years old while the eldest is 73 years old. The highest percentage belongs to age group of 30 to 34 with 566 or 20.63%.

       More than half of the center clients are single (52.11%) followed by married (27.88%), 14.83% with live-in partners and 3.97% were separated prior to rehabilitation.

       As to educational attainment, 701 or 25.55% have reached high school while 884 or 32.22% were able to reach college level.

       With regard to the status of employment, 38.67% were unemployed and 17.09% were either skilled or unskilled workers prior to their stay in the centers. Their average monthly family income is Php 15,789.


REPORTED CASES BY GENDER
(Facility Based)*
CY 2012

                                                    MALE             FEMALE       GRAND TOTAL
TYPE OF ADMISSION No. % No. % No. %
NEW ADMISSION 1,990 72.52 202 7.36 2,192 79.88
RE-ADMISSION 377 13.74 27 0.98 404 14.72
OUT-PATIENT 125 4.56 23 0.84 148 5.39
TOTAL 2,492 90.82 252 9.18 2,744 100.00

* Total Reported Cases from Residential and Out-Patient Facilities

CY 2012 ANALYSIS

       For the year 2012, twenty-nine (29) residential treatment and one (1) outpatient facilities reported to the Integrated Drug Abuse Data and Information Network (IDADIN). These facilities reported a total admission of 2,744 drug cases. Of this number, 79.88% or 2,192 were new admission, 14.72% or 404 were relapse cases and 5.39% or 148 were referrals from outpatient facilities.

       A decrease of 9.74% was recorded from previous year which can be attributed to the following reasons: financial constraints encountered by families with drug dependents, strict implementation of law, and diversion to other forms of vices such as gambling, computer games, etc.


MOST COMMONLY USED/ABUSED DRUGS/SUBSTANCES
(Facility Based)*
CY 2012

DRUGS USED / ABUSED NEW ADMISSION RE-ADMISSION OUT-PATIENT GRAND TOTAL % based on the total number of responses (3,472) % based on the total number of admissions (2,744)
1. Methamphetamine Hydrochloride(Shabu) 1,734 377 56 2,167 62.41 78.97
2. Cannabis (Marijuana) 772 128 34 934 26.90 34.04
3. Inhalants (Contact Cement, Adhesive) 108 3 18 129 3.72 4.70
4. Solvent 39 2 13 54 1.56 1.97
5. Cocaine 33 18   51 1.47 1.86
6. Benzodiazepines (Diazepam) 35 14   49 1.41 1.79
7. MDMA (Ecstasy) 20 9 1 30 0.86 1.09
8. Nalbuphine Hydrochloride (Nubain) 14 3   17 0.49 0.62

* Reported Cases from Residential and Out-Patient Facilities

       Methamphetamine Hydrochloride commonly known as “Shabu” is the number one drug of abuse with 2,167 cases, followed by Cannabis or Marijuana with 934 cases. Abuse of Contact Cement like rugby with 129 cases was also noted. The nature of drug taking remained to be poly-drug use.

       The routes of administration are inhalation/sniffing and oral ingestion.