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Statement of the DDB on the change of leadership in the Philippine Drug Enforcement Agency

The Dangerous Drugs Board welcomes the assumption of new PDEA Director General Wilkins Villanueva after Malacañang released his appointment signed last 22 May 2020. Incoming DG Villanueva has been a steadfast partner of DDB even during his early years as career officer of PDEA. DDB has involved him in many of its anti-drug efforts particularly in policy formulation and strategy development aspects which helped craft many of its inter-agency priorities all these years. Recognizing him as the 7th Director-General of PDEA, DDB intends to engage more closely and deepen the collaboration with his leadership noting that he will become an Ex-Officio Member of the Board.

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DDB Eases the Use of Prescription Forms for Dangerous Drugs

The Dangerous Drugs Board now allows the use of ordinary prescription for medical preparations containing dangerous drugs.

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DDB advocates for the use of electronic prescription for dangerous drugs medication

The Dangerous Drugs Board appeals to doctors, pharmacists, and drug store personnel to consider the use of electronic prescription for medicines included in the list of dangerous drugs as the whole country is under a State of Calamity due to the COVID-19 pandemic.

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DDB, SDA Church hold program to update health directors on the Philippine Anti-Illegal Drugs Strategy (PADS) and board regulations

The Dangerous Drugs Board, in collaboration with the Southern Asia-Pacific Division of the Seventh-Day Adventist Church, convenes Luzon-based health directors of the religious group to update them on the Philippine Anti-Illegal Drugs Strategy (PADS) and relevant DDB regulations.

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DDB clarifies: CBD is not cannabis per se

The Dangerous Drugs Board would like to clarify that marijuana use remains illegal in the country for both recreational and medical use. The use of Cannabidiol, however, is being considered to be allowed for treatment of certain rare forms of epilepsy like Lennox-Gastaut and Dravet Syndrome.

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DDB, DOST-FNRI launch dietary manuals for Persons Who Use Drugs (PWUDs)

The Dangerous Drugs Board and the Department of Science and Technology-Food and Nutrition Research Institute, officially launch three dietary manuals to be used in Treatment and Rehabilitation Centers (TRCs) in the Philippines.

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DDB, DOST-FNRI to launch dietary manuals for Persons Who Use Drugs (PWUDs)

The Dangerous Drugs Board and the Department of Science and Technology-Food and Nutrition Research Institute, will officially launch three dietary manuals to be used in Treatment and Rehabilitation Centers (TRCs) in the Philippines.

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PRRD reappoints Cuy as Chairperson of DDB

Secretary Catalino S. Cuy was given a fresh mandate as the Chairperson of the Dangerous Drugs Board (DDB).

This was confirmed after President Rodrigo Duterte signed his reappointment papers on 21 January 2020. Secretary Cuy was first appointed at the DDB in January 2018 serving the remainder of the term of his predecessor.

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DDB’s response to the recommendations of the Vice President on the campaign against illegal drugs

The Dangerous Drugs Board notes the recommendations of Vice President Leni Robredo on the anti-drug campaign. The agency keeps in mind the ultimate goal of establishing drug-free communities as a serious commitment of the Duterte Administration.

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PROFILE OF DRUG ABUSER
(Facility Based)
CY 2003

AGE : Mean age of 28 years
SEX : Ratio of male to female 11:1
CIVIL STATUS : Single 51.65%
                         Married 34.44%
STATUS OF EMPLOYMENT : Unemployed 38.87%
EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT : High school Level 29.41%
ECONOMIC STATUS : Average Monthly Family Income Php 12,358.48
PLACE OF RESIDENCE : Urban (Specifically NCR)
DURATION OF DRUG - TAKING : More than six (6) years
NATURE OF DRUG – TAKING : Poly drug use**
DRUGS/SUBSTANCES OF ABUSE :
                                          Methamphetamine Hydrochloride (Shabu)
                                          Cannabis (Marijuana)

** Poly drug users – abuse drugs one after the other or in combination with other intoxicating substances.

DEMOGRAPHIC CHARACTERISTICS

       For the year 2003, Center-admissions were predominantly male with a ratio of 11:1; single clients comprised 51.65%while married ones 34.44%; those who have live-in partners 8.30% and 4.7 % were separated.

       As to educational attainment those who were in the school level had the highest percent distribution with 29% followed closely by those in the college level with 28% and 17% were clients who have graduated in high school prior to rehabilitation.

       The highest percent distribution of center clients remains in the age groups 20-24 and 25-29, with 22.40% and 21.76% respectively. The mean or average age is 28 years old.

       With regard to occupation, 39% of the total admissions were unemployed, 31% were workers and 12% were self employed prior to their admission in the center.

       The average family monthly income of the center clients’ rose to Php 12,358.48 from the previous year’s Php 11,114.29.


NUMBER OF REPORTED CASES BY GENDER
(Facility based)
CY 2003

TYPE OF ADMISSION 

  No. %
NEW ADMISSIONS 7,113 86.86
RE-ADMISSIONS 1,076 13.14
TOTAL 8,189 100.00

* Total Reported Cases from Residential and Out-Patient Facilities

ANALYSIS OF DATA

       In 2003, there were 49 residential and 3 outpatients facilities reporting in the Integrated Central Case Registry and Monitoring System (ICCRMS).

       There were 7,663 cases (93.58%) admitted from the residential facilities and 526 cases (6.42%) from the outpatient centers totaling to 8,189 cases reported, of which, 7,113 newly admitted and 1,076 re-admitted cases were noted. There is an increase of 45.07% in the new admission and 1.52% in relapse cases as compared to the previous year (CY 2002). This significant increase in new admissions may be a result of the advocacy programs of the government where more people became aware of the importance of rehabilitation. The increase in the relapse cases, on the other hand, may be attributed to some clients’ resistance to change and peer pressure since they return to the same environment.

       The NCR showed the highest percent distribution of cases with 3,554 or 49.96% of the total admission nationwide. Region III and Region IV followed with 21.13% and 17.22% admission respectively.

MOST COMMONLY USED/ ABUSED DRUGS
(FACILITY BASED)
CY 2003

DRUGS USED/ABUSED No. %
1. Methamphetamine Hydrochloride (Shabu) 6,195 87.09
2. Cannabis (Marijuana) 2,229 31.34
3. Inhalants (Contact Cement Ex.: Rugby) 109 1.53
4. Robitussin-AC (Cough/Cold Preparations 82 1.15
5. Trazepam (Benzodiazepine) 69 0.97
6. Ecstacy (Stimulant) 57 0.80
7. Hashish (Cannabis) 47 0.66
8. Brownies/Cake (Cannabis) 44 0.62
9. Trecodin-DM (Cough and/Cold Preparations) 35 0.49
10. Nubain (Narcotic/Analgesic) 30 0.42

       Methamphetamine Hydrochloride, commonly known as Shabu, remains as the no. 1drug of abuse with 6,195 cases (87.09%). Marijuana is no. 2 with 2,229 cases (31.34%) and Inhalant or rugby, has 109 cases (1.53%). Cough Syrup is also being commonly used by 1.15%.