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DDB, other government agencies, kicks off IDADAIT celebration in Bataan

About 3,000 youth anti-drug advocates joined the kickoff celebration of the International Day Against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking (IDADAIT) in Balanga City, Bataan last Saturday, June 22.

Spearheaded by the Dangerous Drugs Board, Provincial Government of Bataan, and Department of Health Treatment and Rehabilitation Center Bataan, the celebration commenced with an opening program, followed by a fun run, and an anti-drug concert.

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Provincial government of Bataan to host IDADAIT 2019 celebration

The Dangerous Drugs Board (DDB) in partnership with the provincial government of Bataan, gears up for the national celebration of the International Day Against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking (IDADAIT) on June 22, in Balanga City, Bataan.

With the theme “Katarungan para sa Kalusugan, Kalusugan para sa Katarungan,” the DDB and the provincial government of Bataan enlist the participation of youth and young professionals, including barangay anti-drug abuse councils, Non-Government Organizations and other government agencies in cultivating a healthy and drug-free lifestyle.
 
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Dangerous Drugs Board clarifies Audit Report on the Unliquidated Fund Transfers

The Dangerous Drugs Board on Monday responded to published articles of the Philippine Star and Manila Standard concerning the 50-million-peso fund transfers to various institutions which remain unliquidated up to fiscal year 2018.

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DDB to provide evidence-based assessment on the extent of the drug problem in the country

The Dangerous Drugs Board is ready to undertake a scientific study to determine the real nature and extent of the country’s problem on illegal drugs.

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UNITED NATIONS OFFICE ON DRUGS AND CRIME HOLDS DIALOGUE WITH THE PHILIPPINE DELEGATION TO THE MINISTERIAL SEGMENT OF THE 62ND SESSION OF THE COMMISSION ON NARCOTIC DRUGS

The Philippine Delegation met with the Director-General of the United Nations Headquarters in Vienna and Concurrent Executive Director of the United Nations Office of Drugs and Crime Yuri Fedotov to discuss the Philippines’ current efforts on drug abuse prevention and control.

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Philippines Opens Exhibit Showcasing the Anti-Drug Strategy in Vienna

The Philippines, through the Dangerous Drugs Board and the Permanent Mission in Vienna opens an exhibit showcasing the Philippine Anti-Illegal Drugs Strategy at the sidelines of the Commission on Narcotic Drugs Meeting at the United Nations in Austria.

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DDB statement on the remarks of United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights

While the Philippine government’s campaign against illegal drugs does not bank on recognition to have its efforts propped, the Dangerous Drugs Board finds the latest remarks of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights to be unfair and prejudiced.

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DDB participates in INCB training to counter dangerous drugs trafficking

The Dangerous Drugs Board (DDB) attended the Project Ion Incident Communication System (IONICS) and Precursors Incident System (PICS) workshop, last 17-18 January 2019 in Bangkok, Thailand.

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Anti-drug campaign, not just about law enforcement – DDB

The Dangerous Drugs Board underscores that the country’s anti-drug campaign is based on a holistic, comprehensive and balanced approach.

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PROFILE OF DRUG ABUSERS
(Facility based)
CY 2008

AGE : Mean age of 28 years
SEX : Ratio of male to female 9:1
CIVIL STATUS : Single
OCCUPATION : Unemployed
EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT : High School
ECONOMIC STATUS:Average monthly family income P15,064.72
PLACE OF RESIDENCE : Urban (specifically NCR)
DURATION OF DRUG TAKING : More than six (6) years
NATURE OF DRUG – TAKING : Poly drug use**
DRUGS OF ABUSE : Methamphetamine Hydrochloride (Shabu)
                                 Cannabis (Marijuana)
                                 Inhalants (Contact Cement Adhesive)

*Residential and Out-Patient Facilities

**Poly drug users -  abuse of more than one (1) drug

 

PROFILE OF DRUG DEPENDENTS

There were more male than female drug users with ratio of 9:1.  The youngest admitted case was aged 9 and the oldest, 70.  Majority were between 25 and 29 pegging the average age of drug dependents under rehabilitation at 28 years old.

Patients confessed of first experimenting on drugs at 15 to 19 years old, pointing to their peers as their primary source of illicit substance.  Regular pushers were relegated to secondary spot.

With regard to civil status, 57.23% were single; 25.16%, married; and 10.58%, with live-in partners.

As to occupational status, 33.92% were unemployed; 20.02%, workers; 9.78%, self-employed; and 9.27%, students.

Nearly 32% reached high school while 25.18%, college level.  Their average monthly family income was ₱15,064.72.

 

REPORTED CASES BY GENDER
(Facility - Based)
CY 2008

                                                   MALE             FEMALE       GRAND TOTAL
TYPE OF ADMISSION NO. % NO. % NO. %
NEW ADMISSIONS 1,951 55.33 246 6.98 2,197 62.31
READMISSIONS 526 14.92 38 1.08 564 16.00
OUT - PATIENT 689 19.54 76 2.16 765 21.70
T O T A L 3,166 89.79 360 10.21 3,526 100.00

* Total Reported Cases from Residential and Out-Patient Facilities

 

DRUG TREATMENT AND REHABILTATION ADMISSIONS

Drug abusers come from all walks of life, from different ages and from varied social backgrounds.  In 2008, a total of 3,526 clients were admitted from both the residential and out-patient facilities nationwide.  Of this, 62% or 2,197 were new admissions, 16% or 564 were relapse or readmitted cases, and 22% or 765 were referrals from the out-patient centers.

The National Capital Region (NCR) showed the highest percent distribution of cases with 1,964 or 55.70% of the total admission nationwide.  Region IV-A (CALABARZON) and Region III (Central Luzon) followed with 14.49% and 13.90% admission percentage respectively.

 

MOST COMMONLY USED/ABUSED DRUGS/SUBSTANCES
(Facility Based)
CY 2008

DRUGS USED / ABUSED NEW ADMISSIONS RE-ADMISSIONS OUT-PATIENT GRAND TOTAL % based on the total number of responses (4,751) % based on the total number of admissions (3,526)
1. Methamphetamine Hydrochloride(Shabu) 1,534 480 394 2,408 50.68 68.29
2. Cannabis (Marijuana) 1,020 244 436 1,700 35.78 48.21
3. Inhalants (Contact Cement Ex.: Rugby) 146 31 126 306 6.44 8.68
4. Benzodiazepines 92 21 6 119 2.50 3.37
5. Nalbuphine Hydrochloride (Nubain) 48 5   53 1.12 1.50
6. Cocaine 38 9 2 49 1.03 1.39
7. Cough / Cold Preparations 35 8   43 0.91 1.22
8. MDMA (Ecstasy) 27 9 1 37 0.78 1.05
9. Ketamine 10 1   11 0.23 0.31
10. Solvent 6 2 1 9 0.19 0.26

* Total Reported Cases from Residential and Out-Patient Facilities

 

Methamphetamine hydrochloride commonly known as “shabu” remained as the top drug of abuse with 2,408 cases (68.29%), followed by cannabis or marijuana with 1,700 (48.21%), and contact cement at 8.93% of the entire patient population.  The nature of drug taking was poly-drug use while the routes of administration were inhalation/sniffing and oral ingestion.

 

Admitted cases were down by 18% in 2008.  The decline may be attributed to:  1) financial constraints that confront families of drug users, 2) closure of some rehabilitation centers due to change in administration and some minor deficiencies that prevented them to operate, or sustain the operation, 3) stringent requirements for accreditation of centers by the Department of Health, 4) denial on the part of the family of drug dependents, and 5) relentless efforts of the government to eradicate the drug abuse problem.  This can be supported by the data on the increase of drugs seized and clandestine laboratories dismantled during the year.

 

PROFILE OF DRUG ABUSERS
(Facility based)
CY 2009

AGE : Mean age of 28 years
SEX : Ratio of male to female 10:1
CIVIL STATUS : Single 58.02%
OCCUPATION : Unemployed 35.97%
EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT : High School Level 30.06%
ECONOMIC STATUS:Average monthly family income P16,290.80
PLACE OF RESIDENCE : Urban (specifically NCR 47.92%)
DURATION OF DRUG TAKING : More than six (6) years
NATURE OF DRUG – TAKING : Poly drug use**
DRUGS OF ABUSE : Methamphetamine Hydrochloride (Shabu)
                                 Cannabis (Marijuana)
                                 Inhalants (Contact Cement Adhesive)

*Residential and Out-Patient Facilities

**Poly drug users -  abuse drugs one after the other or in combination with other intoxicating substances.

 

DEMOGRAPHIC CHARACTERISTICS

There were more males than female clients with a ratio of 10:1, with a mean age of 28 years old.   The youngest center client was 10 years old while the eldest was 74 years old. The highest percent belong to age group of 15 to 19 years old with 569 or 19.22%.

More than half of the center clients were single (58.02%) followed by married (25.50%), 9.15% had live-in partners and 6.08% were separated prior to rehabilitation.

As to educational attainment, 890 or 30.06% have reached high school level while 794 or 26.82% were able to reach college level.

With regard to the status of employment, 35.97% were unemployed and 18.95% were either skilled or unskilled workers prior to their stay in the centers. Their average monthly family income is Php 16,290.80.


 

REPORTED CASES BY GENDER
(Facility - Based)
CY 2009

                                                   MALE             FEMALE       GRAND TOTAL
TYPE OF ADMISSION NO. % NO. % NO. %
NEW ADMISSIONS 1,799 60.76 214 7.23 2,013 67.98
READMISSIONS 458 15.47 30 1.01 488 16.48
OUT - PATIENT 425 14.35 35 1.18 460 15.54
T O T A L 2,682 90.58 279 9.42 2,961 100.00

* Total Reported Cases from Residential and Out-Patient Facilities

CY 2009 ANALYSIS

For the year 2009, a total of 2,961 cases were reported by the different rehabilitation facilities nationwide. Of this number, 67.98% or 2,013 were new admission, 16.48% or 488 were relapse cases and 15.54% or 460 were referrals from outpatient facilities.

A downward trend can be seen since 2006.  The decline maybe attributed to the following:  People cannot afford the cost of treatment; there is misconception on what goes on inside treatment and rehabilitation facilities, and the stereotype “denial syndrome” common among drug dependents, where they insist that they are in control of their drug-taking behavior and that there is no need for them to undergo any form of treatment. Another reason for the decline can be credited to the relentless efforts of the government to eradicate the drug problem as supported by the data on the increased operations conducted and the development and implementation of preventive education programs for different target groups.


 

MOST COMMONLY USED/ABUSED DRUGS/SUBSTANCES
(Facility Based)
CY 2009

DRUGS USED / ABUSED NEW ADMISSIONS RE-ADMISSIONS OUT-PATIENT GRAND TOTAL % based on the total number of responses (3,908) % based on the total number of admissions (2,961)
1. Methamphetamine Hydrochloride(Shabu) 1,284 394 214 1,892 48.41 63.90
2. Cannabis (Marijuana) 875 211 291 1,377 35.24 46.50
3. Inhalants (Contact Cement Ex.: Rugby) 195 25 60 280 7.16 9.46
4. Benzodiazepines 87 33 8 128 3.28 4.32
5. Nalbuphine Hydrochloride (Nubain) 43 4   47 1.20 1.59
6. MDMA (Ecstasy) 36 9 2 47 1.20 1.59
7. Cocaine 29 14 1 44 1.13 1.49
8. Cough / Cold Preparations 19 4 2 25 0.64 0.84
9. Ketamine 9 2   11 0.28 0.37
10. Solvent 4 6 1 11 0.28 0.37

* Total Reported Cases from Residential and Out-Patient Facilities

Methamphetamine Hydrochloride commonly known as “Shabu” is still the most drug of abuse with 1,892 cases, followed by Cannabis or Marijuana with 1,377 cases.  Abuse of Contact Cement like rugby with 280 cases was also noted.  The nature of drug taking remained to be poly-drug use.

The routes of administration are inhalation/sniffing and oral ingestion.

 

Rapid Assessment on Marijuana Cultivation Sites in Selected Regions in the Philippines

This project aims to provide information on the demographic profile of marijuana cultivators and assess the strengths and weaknesses of the government’s efforts to eradicate the cultivation of marijuana in the country.

Results of the study served as baseline information for coming up with programs/ projects in line with the government’s effort to provide alternative and legitimate livelihood to those who engage in marijuana farming/cultivation.

An Assessment on Marijuana Cultivation Sites in Selected Areas in the Cordillera Administrative Region, Region VII and Region X

This study is an offshoot of the alternative development plan of the Dangerous Drugs Board. Efforts to conduct an assessment study on marijuana was undertaken to determine the reasons for its cultivation and come up with sustainable livelihood alternatives for those who engaged in such illicit activity.

This was conducted in selected areas in three (3) regions representing Luzon, Visayas and Mindanao.  These are the Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR), Region 7, and Region 10.  Respondents were limited to inmates confined in city/municipality or provincial jails in selected regions charged for violation of Section 16 of R.A. 9165 and key informants from government agencies in the studied areas like the Philippine Drug Enforcement Agency, Bureau of Jail Management and Penology, Department of Environment and Natural Resources, local government officials such as mayors, governors, local police and some residents (key informants) from barangays where marijuana cultivation sites were reported to exist.

The primary reason for the continued marijuana cultivation in the studied areas, despite the intensive eradication activities is poverty.  It is recommended that the identified alternative livelihood in the study areas be given attention and consideration of the DDB Alternative Development Committee.

Based on the findings of the study, marijuana cultivation sites were identified to be in the far flung mountain barangays, hence, advocacy campaign against marijuana cultivation should be intensified especially in these areas. It is recommended that these activities be integrated in the barangay meetings, farmers association or cooperative assemblies, and in the local peace and order council meetings.

Addressing the marijuana cultivation problem involve not only the national government but the local government as well, hence, local government units in the identified regions with marijuana cultivation should be encouraged to allocate portion of their countryside development funds to alternative development programs.  These include farming of alternative crops and engaging in livelihood programs; support to advocacy programs, conduct of eradication activities, and, orientations and trainings for local police and barangay officials assigned in the peace and order councils in the identified barangays.