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DDB, other government agencies, kicks off IDADAIT celebration in Bataan

About 3,000 youth anti-drug advocates joined the kickoff celebration of the International Day Against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking (IDADAIT) in Balanga City, Bataan last Saturday, June 22.

Spearheaded by the Dangerous Drugs Board, Provincial Government of Bataan, and Department of Health Treatment and Rehabilitation Center Bataan, the celebration commenced with an opening program, followed by a fun run, and an anti-drug concert.

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Provincial government of Bataan to host IDADAIT 2019 celebration

The Dangerous Drugs Board (DDB) in partnership with the provincial government of Bataan, gears up for the national celebration of the International Day Against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking (IDADAIT) on June 22, in Balanga City, Bataan.

With the theme “Katarungan para sa Kalusugan, Kalusugan para sa Katarungan,” the DDB and the provincial government of Bataan enlist the participation of youth and young professionals, including barangay anti-drug abuse councils, Non-Government Organizations and other government agencies in cultivating a healthy and drug-free lifestyle.
 
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Dangerous Drugs Board clarifies Audit Report on the Unliquidated Fund Transfers

The Dangerous Drugs Board on Monday responded to published articles of the Philippine Star and Manila Standard concerning the 50-million-peso fund transfers to various institutions which remain unliquidated up to fiscal year 2018.

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DDB to provide evidence-based assessment on the extent of the drug problem in the country

The Dangerous Drugs Board is ready to undertake a scientific study to determine the real nature and extent of the country’s problem on illegal drugs.

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UNITED NATIONS OFFICE ON DRUGS AND CRIME HOLDS DIALOGUE WITH THE PHILIPPINE DELEGATION TO THE MINISTERIAL SEGMENT OF THE 62ND SESSION OF THE COMMISSION ON NARCOTIC DRUGS

The Philippine Delegation met with the Director-General of the United Nations Headquarters in Vienna and Concurrent Executive Director of the United Nations Office of Drugs and Crime Yuri Fedotov to discuss the Philippines’ current efforts on drug abuse prevention and control.

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Philippines Opens Exhibit Showcasing the Anti-Drug Strategy in Vienna

The Philippines, through the Dangerous Drugs Board and the Permanent Mission in Vienna opens an exhibit showcasing the Philippine Anti-Illegal Drugs Strategy at the sidelines of the Commission on Narcotic Drugs Meeting at the United Nations in Austria.

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DDB statement on the remarks of United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights

While the Philippine government’s campaign against illegal drugs does not bank on recognition to have its efforts propped, the Dangerous Drugs Board finds the latest remarks of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights to be unfair and prejudiced.

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DDB participates in INCB training to counter dangerous drugs trafficking

The Dangerous Drugs Board (DDB) attended the Project Ion Incident Communication System (IONICS) and Precursors Incident System (PICS) workshop, last 17-18 January 2019 in Bangkok, Thailand.

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Anti-drug campaign, not just about law enforcement – DDB

The Dangerous Drugs Board underscores that the country’s anti-drug campaign is based on a holistic, comprehensive and balanced approach.

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2008 National Household Survey on the Nature and Extent of Drug Abuse in the Philippines

This study was conducted to determine the current nature and extent of drug abuse in the Philippines.

Results of the survey show a decrease in the number of the drug-using population; the most is 1.7 million; far below the 6.7 million estimated in 2004.

The steep decline may be attributed to the intensified operations of the PDEA, PNPAIDSOTF, NBI, Bureau of Customs, other law enforcement agencies in arresting drug traffickers, and dismantling clandestine laboratories and chemical warehouses and continued drug demand reduction programs led by the Dangerous Drugs Board.

Click here to view the 2008 National Household Survey report

Perception of Metro Manila Sangguniang Kabataan (SK) Chairmen on the Extent of the Drug Abuse Problem in Metro Manila

The study was conducted to determine the level of awareness of SK Chairmen on the extent of the drug abuse problem in their localities and in Metro Manila. They were asked during a lecture forum on their perceived number of users and pushers, drugs commonly abused, and presence of clandestine laboratories, programs being implemented and government agencies implementing such programs in their barangay and cities/municipalities.

Findings:

    • Of the total number of SK Chairmen in Metro Manila (1,684), 738 or 44% attended the lecture forum and were included as respondents of the study. The mean age is 16 years old, ratio of male to female is 1:1. Most of them are in high school.
    • Of the total number of SK respondents, 80% perceived that there is a drug problem in their respective barangays; 92% in their city/municipality; and 86% in other cities/municipalities in Metro Manila.
    • In terms of the respondents’ level of awareness of the drug problem in their locality, the obtained mean score of 2.10 indicated a ‘fairly aware’ rating. Of the total SK respondents, 81% are ‘fairly aware’ of the prevailing drug abuse problem in their localities and in Metro Manila.
    • The respondents rated the extent of the drug problem in their barangay as ‘moderately a problem’ and perceived it as ‘a serious problem’ both in their city/municipality and in Metro Manila.

Recommendations:

    • The findings reflected only the perception and not the actual drug abuse situation in the barangays, cities and municipalities of the 44% of the 1,684 Sangguniang Kabataan (SK) Chairmen of Metro Manila. To validate the findings of the study, conduct of a household survey in Metro Manila is recommended.
    • Sangguniang Kabataan Chairmen, along with other elected SK officials, are among the government’s valuable partner in implementing drug abuse prevention program for the youth. Hence, it is strongly recommended that leadership trainings, seminars on drug abuse prevention be provided to equip them with the necessary skills to be effective role models and advocates for the youth in their respective barangays, cities and municipalities.

Click here to view the Sangguniang Kabataan report

Mapping of Drug Treatment and Rehabilitation Centers in the Philippines

This is an effort to identify and map out programs, services, modalities, clients, staffing patterns and resources and accessibility of drug treatment and rehabilitation centers in the Philippines.

An Exploratory Study on Drug Abuse among Call Center Agents in Metro Manila

Set in Metro Manila, this exploratory study aims to provide baseline information on the nature, characteristics and patterns of drug use among call center agents working in selected companies.

Respondents, purposively chosen, are call center agents in selected call centers in Metro Manila with and without experience in taking drugs. Twenty –six call center agents doing the night shift between 6 in the evening to 3 in the morning of the following day were interviewed. A Focus Group Discussion (FGD) was also conducted with call center coaches and supervisors to gather other pertinent information.

Based on the findings, it was concluded that drug use is common among call center agents. However, most of those who have tried drugs and were using it before their employment at the call centers have stopped for fear of losing their jobs or being caught.

There are some call center agents who are on drugs but compared to other professions, they are less in number. Strict measures in security implemented by the different call centers may have largely contributed to the prevention of drug use inside the call centers.

It was recommended that even if the number of drug users among call center agents is low, a drug prevention program must still be implemented. The deployment of law enforcement agents around call center companies should be made to ensure drug-free workplaces. Regular drug abuse seminars should also be conducted to remind agents of the dangers of drug abuse.

Follow-up Study on Nalbuphine Hydrochloride Abuse in the Philippines

This is a follow-up of a similar study conducted in 2005. This was undertaken to determine the incidence of Nalbuphine Hydrocholoride abuse in the country and serve as basis for policy formulation. Both the qualitative and quantitative research tools were employed in the study utilizing documentary analysis, key informant approach and focus group discussions (FGDs) with the target respondents.

Data gathering activities were undertaken in Cebu City and Zamboanga City.

Click here to view the Follow-up Study on Nalbuphine Hydrochloride

National Household Survey in the High-Risk regions of the Country

The survey determined the nature and extent of drug abuse in selected high-risk regions of the Philippines namely, the National Capital Region (NCR), Region 3, 4 and 7. Identification of drug affected barangays was undertaken in coordination with law enforcement agencies while data gathering activities were done in collaboration with the Local Government Units (LGUs) in the survey regions/areas.

A total of 12,431 persons belonging to the 10-44 age bracket representing 4, 144
households served as respondents of the survey.

Results revealed high risk groups to be workers, students, self employed, and out-ofschool youth.

A Study on the Quantity of Shabu Consumption of Selected Clients in Four (4) Selected Government Residential Centers in the Philippines

This study determined the quantity or amount of Shabu being consumed by regular users prior to their admission to the rehabilitation centers. Specifically, it ascertained the amount or quantity of Shabu consumed by selected regular users in four (4) selected government rehabilitation centers – CUREDD in Bicutan, Taguig and Cebu, the NBI TRC in Tagaytay and the Central Luzon Drug Rehabilitation Center (CLDRC) in Magalang, Pampanga. Respondents were asked on their frequency of use per month; usual or regular quantity consumed per month in grams, and the average amount of shabu consumed per month in grams.

A total of 2,179 regular users of Shabu confined in the study sites served as respondents. Asked on the frequency of drug use, 46.9% of the respondents admitted to have used Shabu 3 to 5 times a week, 30.1% daily and 14% used it 2 to 5 times a week.

As for the quantity of Shabu consumed per month in grams, 41.4% of the total respondents admitted to have consumed 4 grams or less of shabu per month and 23.2% from 5 to 9 grams.

Results further revealed that the minimum quantity consumed in grams per month is .3 grams as admitted by 3% of the respondents while the maximum consumption per month is 105 grams, as consumed by 0.1% of the respondents. The usual amount consumed per month was 4 grams and the average was 8.5 grams.

It was recommended that drug abuse prevention workers be encouraged to focus their efforts not only on the prevention of new cases but also on the formulation and development of programs/projects geared towards relapse prevention.

PROFILE OF DRUG ABUSER
(Facility Based)
CY 2003

AGE : Mean age of 28 years
SEX : Ratio of male to female 11:1
CIVIL STATUS : Single 51.65%
                         Married 34.44%
STATUS OF EMPLOYMENT : Unemployed 38.87%
EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT : High school Level 29.41%
ECONOMIC STATUS : Average Monthly Family Income Php 12,358.48
PLACE OF RESIDENCE : Urban (Specifically NCR)
DURATION OF DRUG - TAKING : More than six (6) years
NATURE OF DRUG – TAKING : Poly drug use**
DRUGS/SUBSTANCES OF ABUSE :
                                          Methamphetamine Hydrochloride (Shabu)
                                          Cannabis (Marijuana)

** Poly drug users – abuse drugs one after the other or in combination with other intoxicating substances.

DEMOGRAPHIC CHARACTERISTICS

       For the year 2003, Center-admissions were predominantly male with a ratio of 11:1; single clients comprised 51.65%while married ones 34.44%; those who have live-in partners 8.30% and 4.7 % were separated.

       As to educational attainment those who were in the school level had the highest percent distribution with 29% followed closely by those in the college level with 28% and 17% were clients who have graduated in high school prior to rehabilitation.

       The highest percent distribution of center clients remains in the age groups 20-24 and 25-29, with 22.40% and 21.76% respectively. The mean or average age is 28 years old.

       With regard to occupation, 39% of the total admissions were unemployed, 31% were workers and 12% were self employed prior to their admission in the center.

       The average family monthly income of the center clients’ rose to Php 12,358.48 from the previous year’s Php 11,114.29.


NUMBER OF REPORTED CASES BY GENDER
(Facility based)
CY 2003

TYPE OF ADMISSION 

  No. %
NEW ADMISSIONS 7,113 86.86
RE-ADMISSIONS 1,076 13.14
TOTAL 8,189 100.00

* Total Reported Cases from Residential and Out-Patient Facilities

ANALYSIS OF DATA

       In 2003, there were 49 residential and 3 outpatients facilities reporting in the Integrated Central Case Registry and Monitoring System (ICCRMS).

       There were 7,663 cases (93.58%) admitted from the residential facilities and 526 cases (6.42%) from the outpatient centers totaling to 8,189 cases reported, of which, 7,113 newly admitted and 1,076 re-admitted cases were noted. There is an increase of 45.07% in the new admission and 1.52% in relapse cases as compared to the previous year (CY 2002). This significant increase in new admissions may be a result of the advocacy programs of the government where more people became aware of the importance of rehabilitation. The increase in the relapse cases, on the other hand, may be attributed to some clients’ resistance to change and peer pressure since they return to the same environment.

       The NCR showed the highest percent distribution of cases with 3,554 or 49.96% of the total admission nationwide. Region III and Region IV followed with 21.13% and 17.22% admission respectively.

MOST COMMONLY USED/ ABUSED DRUGS
(FACILITY BASED)
CY 2003

DRUGS USED/ABUSED No. %
1. Methamphetamine Hydrochloride (Shabu) 6,195 87.09
2. Cannabis (Marijuana) 2,229 31.34
3. Inhalants (Contact Cement Ex.: Rugby) 109 1.53
4. Robitussin-AC (Cough/Cold Preparations 82 1.15
5. Trazepam (Benzodiazepine) 69 0.97
6. Ecstacy (Stimulant) 57 0.80
7. Hashish (Cannabis) 47 0.66
8. Brownies/Cake (Cannabis) 44 0.62
9. Trecodin-DM (Cough and/Cold Preparations) 35 0.49
10. Nubain (Narcotic/Analgesic) 30 0.42

       Methamphetamine Hydrochloride, commonly known as Shabu, remains as the no. 1drug of abuse with 6,195 cases (87.09%). Marijuana is no. 2 with 2,229 cases (31.34%) and Inhalant or rugby, has 109 cases (1.53%). Cough Syrup is also being commonly used by 1.15%.