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DDB gathers ASEAN Duty – Bearers for the Convention on Drug Abuse Prevention Education

The 1st ASEAN Convention on Drug Abuse Prevention Education begins today at the Crowne Plaza Hotel, Quezon City.

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DDB leads nation in Drug Abuse Prevention and Control week celebration

The Dangerous Drugs Board (DDB), the country’s lead agency on drug abuse prevention and control, spearheads the celebration of the Drug Abuse Prevention and Control or DAPC Week from November 12-16, 2018.

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DDB welcomes signing of the Philippine Anti-Illegal Drugs Strategy Executive Order

The Dangerous Drugs Board welcomes the issuance of the Executive Order institutionalizing the implementation of the Philippine Anti-Illegal Drugs Strategy or the PADS. The policy directive was signed by President Rodrigo Roa Duterte on 29 October 2018.

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Philippines participation in the 6th ASEAN Ministerial Meeting on Drug Matters highlight government’s efforts in addressing the drug problem

Speaking in the presence of ASEAN Ministers, DDB Chairman (Secretary) Catalino Cuy emphasized the Philippine Government’s approach in addressing the drug problem. In a 15-minute speech delivered by the top official in Hanoi (Vietnam), it was highlighted that the Philippine Government uses a comprehensive and balanced approach on drug abuse prevention and control.

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Drug testing, mandatory for local elected officials

In line with the filing of candidacy for the 2019 elections, the Dangerous Drugs Board (DDB) encourages the aspiring candidates to submit to the mandatory drug testing once they become elected as local public officials.

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In continuous pursuit of its priorities, DDB welcomes recent pronouncements from the United Nations

Noting the recent statement of United Nations Secretary General Antonio Guterres on the need for government to act on drug addiction, the Dangerous Drugs Board emphasizes its strategy to address the Philippines’ drug problem through a balanced and holistic approach.

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DDB Statement on the Ambush of PDEA Agents in Lanao del Sur

The Dangerous Drugs Board (DDB) condemns the ambush-slay of five agents of the Philippine Drug Enforcement Agency (PDEA) in Kapai, Lanao del Sur. In solidarity with the PDEA leadership, DDB Chairman (Secretary) Catalino Cuy expressed his great concern and deepest sympathy over the incident.

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DDB partners with SC and PHILJA to strengthen judicial system on handling drug-related cases

The Dangerous Drugs Board (DDB), in partnership with the Supreme Court of the Philippines (SC), and Philippine Judicial Academy (PHILJA) convened judges, prosecutors and law enforcers in a three-day seminar-workshop on RA 9165 or the Comprehensive Dangerous Drugs Act of 2002.

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DDB to intensify anti-drug campaign overseas, enters into an agreement with CFO

The Dangerous Drugs Board (DDB) and the Commission on Filipinos Overseas (CFO) sealed its partnership with a memorandum of agreement signed yesterday.

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PROFILE OF DRUG ABUSER
(Facility Based)
CY 2002

AGE : Mean age of 27 years
SEX : Ratio of male to female 11:1
CIVIL STATUS : Single 52.95%
                         Married 33.51%
FAMILY SIZE : Two (2) to three (3) siblings
STATUS OF EMPLOYMENT : Private Employee 30.17%
                                              Government Employee 1.26%
                                              Unemployed 31.76%
                                              Self – Employed 12.65%
                                              Students 6.38%
                                              Out of school youth 0.69%
EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT : College Level 30.96%
ECONOMIC STATUS : Average Monthly Family Income Php11,114.29
PLACE OF RESIDENCE : Urban (specifically Metro Manila)
DURATION OF DRUG - TAKING : More than two (2) years
I.Q. : Average
NATURE OF DRUG – TAKING : Mono – drug use
DRUGS/SUBSTANCES OF ABUSE :
                                       1.Shabu
                                       2.Marijuana

DEMOGRAPHIC CHARACTERISTICS

       For the year 2002, majority of center admissions were males with 91.74%. The ratio of male to female is 11:1. Single clients comprised 52.95%, while married ones represented 33.5%. Significantly, of the total number of admissions, 7.20% had live-in partners while 5.30% were separated from their spouses.

       Percent distribution as to educational attainment showed that most of the centers clients were in the high literacy level. Of the total number, 29.23% were in high school, 14.01% were high school graduates, 30.96% in the college level while 9.10% were already college graduates prior to their admission in the centers.

       The age groups of 20-24 and 25-29 occupy the highest percent distributions of center clients admitted in 2002, with 22.64% and 19.56%, respectively. The mean or the average age remains to be 27 years old.

       As to the occupational status, 32.65% of the total number of reported cases belonged to the workers group, 12.65% self-employed, students, 6.38% and out-of-school youths, 0.69%.

       The average monthly income of center clients rose to P11, 114.29 as compared to P7, 800.81 in 2001. Increase in the average monthly income was more likely brought by the income of those clients who belonged to the rich families in the private centers.


INTEGRATED CENTRAL CASE REGISTRY AND MONITORING SYSTEM

       A total of 5,965 admission cases were reported by various residential and out-patient centers nationwide in 2002. Of this number 4,565 were reported by various residential facilities, of which 1,062 are readmission while 338 came from our-patient centers. 

NUMBER OF REPORTED CASES
(Facility based)
CY 2002

TYPE OF ADMISSION                                       

  No. %
New Admissionl 4,903 82.20
Re-Admissions 1,062 17.80
Total 5,965 100.00

CENTER –BASED ADMISSIONS

Analysis of Data

       To date, there were 45 residential and 4 out-patient centers nationwide reporting actively to the Secretariat.

       As of CY 2002, a total of 5,965 admissions were reported by these centers. Of this number, 4,565 were newly admitted from residential centers, 1,062 were relapsed cases, and 338 were reporting in out-patient centers. Compared to the previous year (2001), there was a decrease rate of 17.53% in new admissions and an increase rate of 6.09% in relapse cases. The decrease in the number of new admissions were more likely the result of overcrowding in government centers, high cost of treatment, and rehabilitation in most private centers and the passage of the stricter Comprehensive Dangerous Drugs Act of 2002. The increase in the number of relapse cases may be attributed to some clients who were not yet motivated to change or accept the reality that they need professional help. It may also be due to peer pressure, which they found difficult to resist after discharge from the rehabilitation centers.

       The highest percent distribution of cases came from the National Capital Region or Metro Manila area with 2,497 or 51% of the total admissions nationwide. It was followed by Region III (20.58%) and Region IV (16.42%). 

MOST COMMONLY USED/ ABUSED DRUGS
(FACILITY BASED)
CY 2002

DRUGS USED/ABUSED No. %
1. Methamphetamine Hydrochloride (Shabu) 3,349 68.31
2. Cannabis (Marijuana) 1,366 27.86
3. Inhalants (Rugby) 82 1.67
4. Corex –DM (Cough/Cold Preparation) 72 1.47
5. Hashish (Cannabis) 57 1.16
6. Cocaine (Stimulant) 52 1.06
7. Brownies/Cake (Cannabis) 50 1.02
8. Ecstacy (Stimulant) 38 0.78
9. Trazepam ( Benzodiazepine 36 0.73
Nubain (Narcotic/Analgesic) 36 0.73

                                       
       Methamphetamine Hydrochloride or Shabu remains the No. 1 drug of abuse with 3,349 cases or 68.31%. It was followed by Marijuana, 1,366 (27.86%), Rugby or Inhalant, 82 cases (1.67%). Significantly, Ecstasy, the emerging drug of abuse in the country, was reported as No. 8 with 38 cases or 0.78%. Route of administration was reported to be that of inhalation, sniffing or taken orally.

An Assessment of Selected Preventive Education Programs Being Implemented by the Dangerous Drugs Board

Program evaluation is important to ensure that the Board remains efficient in policy-formulation. With the enactment of RA 9165 or the Comprehensive Dangerous Act of 2002, the Board and its member agencies sought to enhance the campaign against the drug menace. It has sought to implement programs that are relevant to the advocacy that it has long pushed for.

Barkada Kontra Droga, Seminar for Pharmacist on R.A 9165, Seminar Workshop for Judges, Prosecutors and Law Enforcers on the Dangerous Drugs Law, and the Systematic Training on Effective Parenting were evaluated for the overall status of their implementation, suitability of success indicators, and their efficiency in meeting targeted objectives. A descriptive evaluative research design is used for this study which will help implementers look at areas of improvement and analyze expansion or replication plans for these programs.

The study’s findings stand as a benchmark for drug abuse preventive education programs in the country especially in terms of monitoring and evaluation.

Click here to view the study on Barkada Kontra Droga
Click here to view the study on Systematic Training on Effective Parenting
Click here to view the study on Seminar Workshop for Judges, Prosecutors and Law Enforcers

National Conference on Treatment and Rehabilitation for Drug Dependents in the Philippines: A Policy Review

The Dangerous Drugs Board, the Department of Health and the University of Santo Tomas Research Cluster for Culture, Education, and Social Issues (UST-RCCESI) organized this conference on treatment and rehabilitation of drug dependents, as the methodology and data gathering scheme for a major research undertaking entitledConfronting Substance Abuse in the Philippines: A Multi-Dimensional Analysis of the Philippines Policies on Illicit Drugs, currently being undertaken by the University of Santo Tomas. The conference was held at the Bayleaf Hotel in Intramuros, Manila on 15-17 November 2011, as part of the celebration of the Annual Drug Abuse Prevention and Control Week.

Key people in the field of treatment and rehabilitation such as directors, managers and workers in both government and private facilities were the participants. Presentation of papers, parallel workshop sessions and open forum were the activities during the conference. The output of the forum was the review and assessment of policies on treatment and rehabilitation in the country.

Click here to view the study on National Conference on Treatment and Rehabilitation

Household Survey on the Nature and Extent of Drug Abuse in the Philippines

The project, “The Household Survey on the Nature and Extent of Drug Abuse in the Philippines,” was conducted to determine the nature and extent of drug abuse in the country after the enactment of RA 9165.  More specifically, it tried to ascertain the number and national estimates of lifetime prevalent and current users in the country.

A Rapid Assessment on Nalbuphine Hydrochloride Abuse in Metro Manila and Cebu City

This study delves deeper on the reason/s for continued Nalbuphine Hydrochloride abuse in Cebu City and also Metro Manila.  Primary sources of data were self-confessed Nalbuphine Hydrochloride users confined in the different rehabilitation centers in Cebu City and one in Metro Manila.  Law enforcement officials and the heads of rehabilitation centers under study served as secondary sources of data.  Documentary analysis of existing information on Nalbuphine Hydrochloride abuse was also utilized in the study.

A Study on Drug Use among Selected Children in the Philippines

This study was carried out as one of the activities under the Dangerous Drugs Board project, Integrated Drug Abuse Data Information Network. This is in line with the UNODC F-97 project, “Improving ATS Data and Information Systems.”

The study determined the nature of drug abuse among selected children ages 17 and below using both qualitative and quantitative research methods.  This was undertaken in Metro Manila, Cebu, Olongapo, and San Pablo City.

Specifically, the study analyzed the following:

  1. The demographic characteristics of selected community-based (living with family) street-based (living on the street) and center-based (confined in the institution) children 17 years of age and below who have tried drugs or have continued using drugs.
  2. Children’s most commonly used or abused drugs.
  3. The perceived level of drug abuse problem in the barangay or areas frequented by the respondents.
  4. The consequences or contributing factors which led children to stay on streets.
  5. The hazards or the risks faced by children on the streets.

As evidenced by the findings of the study, the following represents the demographic characteristics of the respondents:

  • Mostly males, the youngest was 4 years, the oldest was 16 years while the mean or the average age was 13.5 years;
  • Those who were in the institutions were either abandoned or living with other children on the streets before they were brought to the centers.  For the community-based, they lived with their families in the slum areas.  As to the street children, they viewed the streets as their home or were forced to live on the streets after calamities (fire, typhoons, eruption of volcano) displaced their families.
  • The occupations of parents of these children were drivers, scavengers, and laundrywomen.  Others were jobless and plain housewives.  Their average daily income is Php 152.82 (USD 3.38).
  • As to education, majority of the children have reached elementary level.

On the Prevalence of Drug Abuse

Both the qualitative and quantitative data revealed the following:

Qualitative Research

Majority of the respondents who were utilized in the focus group discussions and key informant approach have tried drugs and were still using drugs prior to their admission/referral to the centers.  Curiosity, peer group pressure, and the desire to forget hunger or to forget problems were the reasons given for trying drugs. Inhalants, like solvents, were the first drugs tried by the respondents.

Quantitative Data

• Of the 316 respondents, 201 or 72.5% have tried drugs.  The distribution of respondents who have tried drugs are as follows: Metro Manila, 108 or (34.1%); Cebu, 71 (22.4%); Olongapo, 19 (6%); and San Pablo, 3 (1%). The highest prevalence of drug abuse is on those based on the centers or children brought to the centers due to drug abuse problem (36.5%).
• Inhalants like solvents were the first drugs tried by children belonging to the age group 12 and below; while Cannabis (Marijuana) and Methamphetamine Hydrochloride were abused by those belonging to age groups 13 up to 16 years.
• Peer pressure, curiosity and influence by an older or younger sibling were the reasons given for initial drug use.
• For those who have tried drugs, 40.3% (129) have continued to abuse drugs. With regard to drugs commonly abused, 14.37% admitted to have abused inhalants weekly while 7.81% continued to abuse Shabu 2-3 times a week.
• Peer group pressure, habitual drug use, and the need to forget hunger were the reasons given for their continued use of drugs.

On the Perceived Level of Drug Abuse in the Barangay

Majority of the respondents in the focus group discussions were aware that their barangays (smallest political unit) or the places they used to frequent have a drug abuse problem.

On Risks or Hazards Faced by Children on the Streets

As evidenced by the focus group discussions, the children were very much exposed to vices like drug abuse, and juvenile crimes like pick pocketing, shoplifting and snatching or in the case of females, prostitution.

Recommendations

Findings revealed that most of the children abusing drugs lived in slum areas. Thus, drug abuse prevention programs of the government, particularly of the Dangerous Drugs Board and other concerned agencies, should be focused on these areas.  Second, the results of the study pointed out to the hazards faced by children on the streets like being exposed to drugs and other vices. It is recommended that strict curfew hours for children aged 17 and below be implemented or if already existing, the same be strictly implemented.  Moreover, alternative programs or livelihood opportunities for these children as well as their families should be provided by the local government concerned.  Third, the government, particularly the Department of Education and the Department of Social Welfare and Development, should also look into the possibility of conducting a mobile schooling program on the high-risk areas frequented by the children.