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DDB welcomes additional budget for support to treatment and rehabilitation

The Dangerous Drugs Board expressed its gratitude to the House of Representatives for the additional P240 million budget for the establishment of community based treatment and rehabilitation facilities all over the country. This was included in House Bill 4228 or General Appropriations Act of 2020.

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DDB vows to support the implementation of recommendations presented during the nat’l drugs summit

The Dangerous Drugs Board, in partnership with the Supreme Court and Philippine Judicial Academy convened representatives of the executive, legislative and the judiciary for a National Summit on Dangerous Drugs Law last Thursday, October 3, at the Manila Hotel.

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DDB Lauds Filipino’s Support for the Anti-Illegal Drugs Campaign

The Dangerous Drugs Board (DDB) welcomes the latest SWS Survey showing an 82% satisfaction rate on the government’s campaign against illegal drugs in the country.

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DOST joins DDB, other government agencies in the implementation of PADS

The Dangerous Drugs Board (DDB) led the institutionalization of the Philippine Anti-Illegal Drugs Strategy to the Department of Science and Technology (DOST) through the Orientation-Workshop for DOST Central Office, Regional Offices, and Attached Agencies.

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PHILIPPINES TO ASSUME AS CHAIR OF THE TREATMENT AND REHABILITATION CLUSTER OF THE ASEAN SENIOR OFFICIALS ON DRUG MATTERS

In Photo: The Philippines officially accepts the chairmanship of the Treatment and Rehabilitation Cluster of the ASEAN Senior Officials on Drug Matters from Director General Dato’ Sri Zulkifli Bin Abdullah of the National Anti-Drugs Agency of Malaysia.

Senior officials from the Dangerous Drugs Board (DDB) and the Philippine Drug Enforcement Agency (PDEA) are in Siem Reap, Cambodia for the 40th Meeting of ASEAN Senior Officials on Drug Matters (ASOD). The annual high-level discussion provides a platform for significant international and regional cooperation highlighting important aspects of the ASEAN Work Plan in Securing Communities Against Illicit Drugs. Concerns range from Law Enforcement, Preventive Education, Alternative Development, Treatment and Rehabilitation to Research.

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DDB convenes SK Federation Presidents in General Santos City

After the passage of the SK Reform Law, the Dangerous Drugs Board puts premium to drug abuse prevention education as a way of strengthening the commitment of the Sangguniang Kabataan in President Rodrigo Roa Duterte’s campaign against illegal drugs.

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DDB Statement on the adoption of Iceland’s Resolution at the United Nations Human Rights Council

The Dangerous Drugs Board (DDB) expresses its dismay at the ill-informed action of the United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) to proceed with its preliminary investigation on the violations which have purportedly been committed by the Government of the Republic of the Philippines in the course of its campaign against illegal drugs.

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DDB recognizes secondary schools with outstanding anti-drug program for the youth

The Dangerous Drugs Board (DDB) holds an awarding ceremony to recognize winners of the Search for Outstanding Barkada Kontra Droga (BKD) implementers in secondary schools today, July 12, at Richmonde Hotel, Ortigas City.

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DDB statement on the UN Resolution to investigate alleged “drug killings” in the Philippines

The Dangerous Drugs Board denounces the draft resolution filed by Iceland at the United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHCR) to investigate drug-related killings in the Philippines.

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PROFILE OF DRUG ABUSER
(Facility Based)
CY 2003

AGE : Mean age of 28 years
SEX : Ratio of male to female 11:1
CIVIL STATUS : Single 51.65%
                         Married 34.44%
STATUS OF EMPLOYMENT : Unemployed 38.87%
EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT : High school Level 29.41%
ECONOMIC STATUS : Average Monthly Family Income Php 12,358.48
PLACE OF RESIDENCE : Urban (Specifically NCR)
DURATION OF DRUG - TAKING : More than six (6) years
NATURE OF DRUG – TAKING : Poly drug use**
DRUGS/SUBSTANCES OF ABUSE :
                                          Methamphetamine Hydrochloride (Shabu)
                                          Cannabis (Marijuana)

** Poly drug users – abuse drugs one after the other or in combination with other intoxicating substances.

DEMOGRAPHIC CHARACTERISTICS

       For the year 2003, Center-admissions were predominantly male with a ratio of 11:1; single clients comprised 51.65%while married ones 34.44%; those who have live-in partners 8.30% and 4.7 % were separated.

       As to educational attainment those who were in the school level had the highest percent distribution with 29% followed closely by those in the college level with 28% and 17% were clients who have graduated in high school prior to rehabilitation.

       The highest percent distribution of center clients remains in the age groups 20-24 and 25-29, with 22.40% and 21.76% respectively. The mean or average age is 28 years old.

       With regard to occupation, 39% of the total admissions were unemployed, 31% were workers and 12% were self employed prior to their admission in the center.

       The average family monthly income of the center clients’ rose to Php 12,358.48 from the previous year’s Php 11,114.29.


NUMBER OF REPORTED CASES BY GENDER
(Facility based)
CY 2003

TYPE OF ADMISSION 

  No. %
NEW ADMISSIONS 7,113 86.86
RE-ADMISSIONS 1,076 13.14
TOTAL 8,189 100.00

* Total Reported Cases from Residential and Out-Patient Facilities

ANALYSIS OF DATA

       In 2003, there were 49 residential and 3 outpatients facilities reporting in the Integrated Central Case Registry and Monitoring System (ICCRMS).

       There were 7,663 cases (93.58%) admitted from the residential facilities and 526 cases (6.42%) from the outpatient centers totaling to 8,189 cases reported, of which, 7,113 newly admitted and 1,076 re-admitted cases were noted. There is an increase of 45.07% in the new admission and 1.52% in relapse cases as compared to the previous year (CY 2002). This significant increase in new admissions may be a result of the advocacy programs of the government where more people became aware of the importance of rehabilitation. The increase in the relapse cases, on the other hand, may be attributed to some clients’ resistance to change and peer pressure since they return to the same environment.

       The NCR showed the highest percent distribution of cases with 3,554 or 49.96% of the total admission nationwide. Region III and Region IV followed with 21.13% and 17.22% admission respectively.

MOST COMMONLY USED/ ABUSED DRUGS
(FACILITY BASED)
CY 2003

DRUGS USED/ABUSED No. %
1. Methamphetamine Hydrochloride (Shabu) 6,195 87.09
2. Cannabis (Marijuana) 2,229 31.34
3. Inhalants (Contact Cement Ex.: Rugby) 109 1.53
4. Robitussin-AC (Cough/Cold Preparations 82 1.15
5. Trazepam (Benzodiazepine) 69 0.97
6. Ecstacy (Stimulant) 57 0.80
7. Hashish (Cannabis) 47 0.66
8. Brownies/Cake (Cannabis) 44 0.62
9. Trecodin-DM (Cough and/Cold Preparations) 35 0.49
10. Nubain (Narcotic/Analgesic) 30 0.42

       Methamphetamine Hydrochloride, commonly known as Shabu, remains as the no. 1drug of abuse with 6,195 cases (87.09%). Marijuana is no. 2 with 2,229 cases (31.34%) and Inhalant or rugby, has 109 cases (1.53%). Cough Syrup is also being commonly used by 1.15%.


PROFILE OF DRUG ABUSER
(Facility Based)
CY 2002

AGE : Mean age of 27 years
SEX : Ratio of male to female 11:1
CIVIL STATUS : Single 52.95%
                         Married 33.51%
FAMILY SIZE : Two (2) to three (3) siblings
STATUS OF EMPLOYMENT : Private Employee 30.17%
                                              Government Employee 1.26%
                                              Unemployed 31.76%
                                              Self – Employed 12.65%
                                              Students 6.38%
                                              Out of school youth 0.69%
EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT : College Level 30.96%
ECONOMIC STATUS : Average Monthly Family Income Php11,114.29
PLACE OF RESIDENCE : Urban (specifically Metro Manila)
DURATION OF DRUG - TAKING : More than two (2) years
I.Q. : Average
NATURE OF DRUG – TAKING : Mono – drug use
DRUGS/SUBSTANCES OF ABUSE :
                                       1.Shabu
                                       2.Marijuana

DEMOGRAPHIC CHARACTERISTICS

       For the year 2002, majority of center admissions were males with 91.74%. The ratio of male to female is 11:1. Single clients comprised 52.95%, while married ones represented 33.5%. Significantly, of the total number of admissions, 7.20% had live-in partners while 5.30% were separated from their spouses.

       Percent distribution as to educational attainment showed that most of the centers clients were in the high literacy level. Of the total number, 29.23% were in high school, 14.01% were high school graduates, 30.96% in the college level while 9.10% were already college graduates prior to their admission in the centers.

       The age groups of 20-24 and 25-29 occupy the highest percent distributions of center clients admitted in 2002, with 22.64% and 19.56%, respectively. The mean or the average age remains to be 27 years old.

       As to the occupational status, 32.65% of the total number of reported cases belonged to the workers group, 12.65% self-employed, students, 6.38% and out-of-school youths, 0.69%.

       The average monthly income of center clients rose to P11, 114.29 as compared to P7, 800.81 in 2001. Increase in the average monthly income was more likely brought by the income of those clients who belonged to the rich families in the private centers.


INTEGRATED CENTRAL CASE REGISTRY AND MONITORING SYSTEM

       A total of 5,965 admission cases were reported by various residential and out-patient centers nationwide in 2002. Of this number 4,565 were reported by various residential facilities, of which 1,062 are readmission while 338 came from our-patient centers. 

NUMBER OF REPORTED CASES
(Facility based)
CY 2002

TYPE OF ADMISSION                                       

  No. %
New Admissionl 4,903 82.20
Re-Admissions 1,062 17.80
Total 5,965 100.00

CENTER –BASED ADMISSIONS

Analysis of Data

       To date, there were 45 residential and 4 out-patient centers nationwide reporting actively to the Secretariat.

       As of CY 2002, a total of 5,965 admissions were reported by these centers. Of this number, 4,565 were newly admitted from residential centers, 1,062 were relapsed cases, and 338 were reporting in out-patient centers. Compared to the previous year (2001), there was a decrease rate of 17.53% in new admissions and an increase rate of 6.09% in relapse cases. The decrease in the number of new admissions were more likely the result of overcrowding in government centers, high cost of treatment, and rehabilitation in most private centers and the passage of the stricter Comprehensive Dangerous Drugs Act of 2002. The increase in the number of relapse cases may be attributed to some clients who were not yet motivated to change or accept the reality that they need professional help. It may also be due to peer pressure, which they found difficult to resist after discharge from the rehabilitation centers.

       The highest percent distribution of cases came from the National Capital Region or Metro Manila area with 2,497 or 51% of the total admissions nationwide. It was followed by Region III (20.58%) and Region IV (16.42%). 

MOST COMMONLY USED/ ABUSED DRUGS
(FACILITY BASED)
CY 2002

DRUGS USED/ABUSED No. %
1. Methamphetamine Hydrochloride (Shabu) 3,349 68.31
2. Cannabis (Marijuana) 1,366 27.86
3. Inhalants (Rugby) 82 1.67
4. Corex –DM (Cough/Cold Preparation) 72 1.47
5. Hashish (Cannabis) 57 1.16
6. Cocaine (Stimulant) 52 1.06
7. Brownies/Cake (Cannabis) 50 1.02
8. Ecstacy (Stimulant) 38 0.78
9. Trazepam ( Benzodiazepine 36 0.73
Nubain (Narcotic/Analgesic) 36 0.73

                                       
       Methamphetamine Hydrochloride or Shabu remains the No. 1 drug of abuse with 3,349 cases or 68.31%. It was followed by Marijuana, 1,366 (27.86%), Rugby or Inhalant, 82 cases (1.67%). Significantly, Ecstasy, the emerging drug of abuse in the country, was reported as No. 8 with 38 cases or 0.78%. Route of administration was reported to be that of inhalation, sniffing or taken orally.

An Assessment of Selected Preventive Education Programs Being Implemented by the Dangerous Drugs Board

Program evaluation is important to ensure that the Board remains efficient in policy-formulation. With the enactment of RA 9165 or the Comprehensive Dangerous Act of 2002, the Board and its member agencies sought to enhance the campaign against the drug menace. It has sought to implement programs that are relevant to the advocacy that it has long pushed for.

Barkada Kontra Droga, Seminar for Pharmacist on R.A 9165, Seminar Workshop for Judges, Prosecutors and Law Enforcers on the Dangerous Drugs Law, and the Systematic Training on Effective Parenting were evaluated for the overall status of their implementation, suitability of success indicators, and their efficiency in meeting targeted objectives. A descriptive evaluative research design is used for this study which will help implementers look at areas of improvement and analyze expansion or replication plans for these programs.

The study’s findings stand as a benchmark for drug abuse preventive education programs in the country especially in terms of monitoring and evaluation.

Click here to view the study on Barkada Kontra Droga
Click here to view the study on Systematic Training on Effective Parenting
Click here to view the study on Seminar Workshop for Judges, Prosecutors and Law Enforcers

National Conference on Treatment and Rehabilitation for Drug Dependents in the Philippines: A Policy Review

The Dangerous Drugs Board, the Department of Health and the University of Santo Tomas Research Cluster for Culture, Education, and Social Issues (UST-RCCESI) organized this conference on treatment and rehabilitation of drug dependents, as the methodology and data gathering scheme for a major research undertaking entitledConfronting Substance Abuse in the Philippines: A Multi-Dimensional Analysis of the Philippines Policies on Illicit Drugs, currently being undertaken by the University of Santo Tomas. The conference was held at the Bayleaf Hotel in Intramuros, Manila on 15-17 November 2011, as part of the celebration of the Annual Drug Abuse Prevention and Control Week.

Key people in the field of treatment and rehabilitation such as directors, managers and workers in both government and private facilities were the participants. Presentation of papers, parallel workshop sessions and open forum were the activities during the conference. The output of the forum was the review and assessment of policies on treatment and rehabilitation in the country.

Click here to view the study on National Conference on Treatment and Rehabilitation