Admission to drug treatment and rehabilitation centers to resume with strict health and safety protocols amid the pandemic
Adjusting to the “New Normal,” the Dangerous Drugs Board (DDB) adopted infection prevention and control protocol to be followed upon the resumption of admissions and activities in drug treatment and rehabilitation facilities nationwide.Read more ...
DDB issues policy to ensure availability of physicians authorized to assess substance use disorder amid the pandemic
The Dangerous Drugs Board, in its recent special meeting, approved a Resolution extending the validity of provisional accreditation granted to physicians authorized to conduct Drug Dependency Examination (DDE) for a period of two years.Read more ...
The Philippine Government takes exception to the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) Report, especially as it relates to Philippine efforts to effectively address the pervasive menace and destructive effects of illegal drugs in the country.
The Philippines calls on the OHCHR to foster a positive spirit of cooperation with States Parties, with the view of releasing an unbiased report based on facts, legitimate figures and continuing consultations with key anti-drug agencies in the Philippines.Read more ...
The Dangerous Drugs Board welcomes the assumption of new PDEA Director General Wilkins Villanueva after Malacañang released his appointment signed last 22 May 2020. Incoming DG Villanueva has been a steadfast partner of DDB even during his early years as career officer of PDEA. DDB has involved him in many of its anti-drug efforts particularly in policy formulation and strategy development aspects which helped craft many of its inter-agency priorities all these years. Recognizing him as the 7th Director-General of PDEA, DDB intends to engage more closely and deepen the collaboration with his leadership noting that he will become an Ex-Officio Member of the Board.Read more ...
The Dangerous Drugs Board now allows the use of ordinary prescription for medical preparations containing dangerous drugs.Read more ...
The Dangerous Drugs Board appeals to doctors, pharmacists, and drug store personnel to consider the use of electronic prescription for medicines included in the list of dangerous drugs as the whole country is under a State of Calamity due to the COVID-19 pandemic.Read more ...
DDB, SDA Church hold program to update health directors on the Philippine Anti-Illegal Drugs Strategy (PADS) and board regulations
The Dangerous Drugs Board, in collaboration with the Southern Asia-Pacific Division of the Seventh-Day Adventist Church, convenes Luzon-based health directors of the religious group to update them on the Philippine Anti-Illegal Drugs Strategy (PADS) and relevant DDB regulations.Read more ...
The Dangerous Drugs Board would like to clarify that marijuana use remains illegal in the country for both recreational and medical use. The use of Cannabidiol, however, is being considered to be allowed for treatment of certain rare forms of epilepsy like Lennox-Gastaut and Dravet Syndrome.Read more ...
The Dangerous Drugs Board and the Department of Science and Technology-Food and Nutrition Research Institute, officially launch three dietary manuals to be used in Treatment and Rehabilitation Centers (TRCs) in the Philippines.Read more ...
The project, â€śThe Household Survey on the Nature and Extent of Drug Abuse in the Philippines,â€ť was conducted to determine the nature and extent of drug abuse in the country after the enactment of RA 9165. More specifically, it tried to ascertain the number and national estimates of lifetime prevalent and current users in the country.
This study delves deeper on the reason/s for continued Nalbuphine Hydrochloride abuse in Cebu City and also Metro Manila. Primary sources of data were self-confessed Nalbuphine Hydrochloride users confined in the different rehabilitation centers in Cebu City and one in Metro Manila. Law enforcement officials and the heads of rehabilitation centers under study served as secondary sources of data. Documentary analysis of existing information on Nalbuphine Hydrochloride abuse was also utilized in the study.
This study was carried out as one of the activities under the Dangerous Drugs Board project, Integrated Drug Abuse Data Information Network. This is in line with the UNODC F-97 project, â€śImproving ATS Data and Information Systems.â€ť
The study determined the nature of drug abuse among selected children ages 17 and below using both qualitative and quantitative research methods. This was undertaken in Metro Manila, Cebu, Olongapo, and San Pablo City.
Specifically, the study analyzed the following:
- The demographic characteristics of selected community-based (living with family) street-based (living on the street) and center-based (confined in the institution) children 17 years of age and below who have tried drugs or have continued using drugs.
- Childrenâ€™s most commonly used or abused drugs.
- The perceived level of drug abuse problem in the barangay or areas frequented by the respondents.
- The consequences or contributing factors which led children to stay on streets.
- The hazards or the risks faced by children on the streets.
As evidenced by the findings of the study, the following represents the demographic characteristics of the respondents:
- Mostly males, the youngest was 4 years, the oldest was 16 years while the mean or the average age was 13.5 years;
- Those who were in the institutions were either abandoned or living with other children on the streets before they were brought to the centers. For the community-based, they lived with their families in the slum areas. As to the street children, they viewed the streets as their home or were forced to live on the streets after calamities (fire, typhoons, eruption of volcano) displaced their families.
- The occupations of parents of these children were drivers, scavengers, and laundrywomen. Others were jobless and plain housewives. Their average daily income is Php 152.82 (USD 3.38).
- As to education, majority of the children have reached elementary level.
On the Prevalence of Drug Abuse
Both the qualitative and quantitative data revealed the following:
Majority of the respondents who were utilized in the focus group discussions and key informant approach have tried drugs and were still using drugs prior to their admission/referral to the centers. Curiosity, peer group pressure, and the desire to forget hunger or to forget problems were the reasons given for trying drugs. Inhalants, like solvents, were the first drugs tried by the respondents.
â€˘ Of the 316 respondents, 201 or 72.5% have tried drugs. The distribution of respondents who have tried drugs are as follows: Metro Manila, 108 or (34.1%); Cebu, 71 (22.4%); Olongapo, 19 (6%); and San Pablo, 3 (1%). The highest prevalence of drug abuse is on those based on the centers or children brought to the centers due to drug abuse problem (36.5%).
â€˘ Inhalants like solvents were the first drugs tried by children belonging to the age group 12 and below; while Cannabis (Marijuana) and Methamphetamine Hydrochloride were abused by those belonging to age groups 13 up to 16 years.
â€˘ Peer pressure, curiosity and influence by an older or younger sibling were the reasons given for initial drug use.
â€˘ For those who have tried drugs, 40.3% (129) have continued to abuse drugs. With regard to drugs commonly abused, 14.37% admitted to have abused inhalants weekly while 7.81% continued to abuse Shabu 2-3 times a week.
â€˘ Peer group pressure, habitual drug use, and the need to forget hunger were the reasons given for their continued use of drugs.
On the Perceived Level of Drug Abuse in the Barangay
Majority of the respondents in the focus group discussions were aware that their barangays (smallest political unit) or the places they used to frequent have a drug abuse problem.
On Risks or Hazards Faced by Children on the Streets
As evidenced by the focus group discussions, the children were very much exposed to vices like drug abuse, and juvenile crimes like pick pocketing, shoplifting and snatching or in the case of females, prostitution.
Findings revealed that most of the children abusing drugs lived in slum areas. Thus, drug abuse prevention programs of the government, particularly of the Dangerous Drugs Board and other concerned agencies, should be focused on these areas. Second, the results of the study pointed out to the hazards faced by children on the streets like being exposed to drugs and other vices. It is recommended that strict curfew hours for children aged 17 and below be implemented or if already existing, the same be strictly implemented. Moreover, alternative programs or livelihood opportunities for these children as well as their families should be provided by the local government concerned. Third, the government, particularly the Department of Education and the Department of Social Welfare and Development, should also look into the possibility of conducting a mobile schooling program on the high-risk areas frequented by the children.
This study is a collaborative research between the DDB and the Philippine Normal University. It was conducted to determine the current nature and extent of drug abuse in the country.
The survey sampled a total of 10, 752 respondents ranging from ages 10 to 69 years old, identified through a proportional sampling. A total of 256 sites served as study areas. Multi-stage sampling technique was employed in selecting the study sites which included 17 regions, 43 provinces, 42 capitals, 86 municipalities/cities, 137 urban and 119 rural barangays. The data gathering was conducted from end of October 2012 to March 2013.
Based on the study, it was estimated that there could be 1.3 Million current drug users. The estimate was derived using the 2012 NSCB projected population of age 10-69 which is 72, 735, 094.
The collection of data was conducted through questionnaires and interviews with the implementers and from the selected lists of licensed stakeholders (importers, manufacturers, retailers and end users provided by PDEA in the following areas: Caloocan, Manila, Malabon, Mandaluyong, Muntinlupa, Marikina, Valenzuela, Pasig, ParaĂ±aque, Taguig, Cavite and Rizal. A total of two hundred sixty-one (261) respondents were interviewed.
Ninety-three percent (93%) of the respondents are aware that Toluene-Based Contact Cement is being abused.
Seventy-three percent (73%) of the implementers particularly PDEA are very much aware of the Policy on Toluene-Based Contact Cement. Twenty percent (20%), however of barangay officials are not aware of the policy, thirty percent (30%) are aware on some extent and half of the barangay officials interviewed have very limited awareness. Hence, barangay officials need to be informed and be educated with the said policy.
With the implementation of the policy, almost all of the respondents admitted that the quality of their finished products decreased and so is their profits/sales while the costs of their production increased.
The study also looked into the problems encountered by the implementers, as well as, stakeholders in the enforcement of the policy. Among the restraining factors mentioned were:
- Lack of knowledge on the part of barangay officials
- Lack of PDEA manpower to regularly monitor its implementation
- Financial constraints of PDEA
- Limited and poor information drive
- Additional cost to the legitimate industry
- Poor or low quality of the finished product produced
- Decrease in profit and sales of the industry
- Short shelf-life of the toluene-based contact cement with at least 5% mustard oil
- Potential health hazard to the production workers
Findings have shown a decrease in the trend of abuse on toluene-based contact cement. However, inhalant abusers resorted to roof sealant as evidenced by the reports of the increase in its use.
Among the recommendations are the need to review some misleading provisions of the regulation and/or lessen if not replaced the mustard oil concentrations in toluene-based contact cement products manufactured, information dissemination to better understand the policy especially to the local officials who enforce the law and all concerned stakeholders, including production workers and to address the other emerging issues relating to the policy.
Research and Statistics
The Dangerous Drugs Board ensures evidence-based policy-making and strategy formulation by rooting on the ideals of objective analysis and thorough research. Policy Studies, Research and Statistics Division is mandated to conduct researches, gather relevant data and analyze trends on drug abuse in the Philippines. The division also handles the collection, encoding, processing, analysis, presentation and monitoring of statistical data and information through the Integrated Drug Abuse Data and Information Network (IDADIN). It is also responsible for providing these data and other drug-related information to various stakeholders. Data collected and analyzed by the division aid in the Board’s policy review and formulation.
This is a compilation of researches on drugs and drug abuse prevention and control undertaken by various research entities and educational institutions, including studies which can be found in different libraries.
- Alcohol Drinking Patterns Among High School Students in a Government and Private Secondary School in Southern Philippines
- An Assessment of the Clinical Personality Patterns and Psychological Needs of Selected Institutionalized Male Drug Abusers: Implications for an Adjunctive Intervention Program
- An Evaluation of the Addiction Recovery Meetings in Tatalon, Quezon City
- An Evaluation of the Residential Treatment Program of Narcotics Group (NARGROUP) Rehabilitation Center Using Stufflebeamâ€™s CIPP Model
- Baseline Survey of Treatment Outcomes Utilizing Therapeutic Community in Government Substance Abuse Treatment and Rehabilitation Centers: The Philippine Experience
- Description of Areca Nut Use in a Cordilleran Community
- Drug and Substance Use Among Filipino Street Children in an Urban Setting: A Qualitative Study
- Drug Defined Crimes Among Inmates in a City Jail in Eastern Visayas, Philippines
- Pastoral Care for Drug Addicts in Vietnam: Theologico-Pastoral Implications
- Prior Sexual Abuse Among Female Substance Dependents Admitted in DOH-TRC in Metro Manila
- â€śReady or Unready?â€ť Factors Related to the Motivation for Change Among Drug Dependents Admitted in a Government Drug Treatment and Rehabilitation Center in Metro Manila
- The Effect of Forgiveness Intervention Program on Substance Dependence
- The Prevalence of Anxiety and Depression Among Adult Substance Abusers Admitted at Government Drug Treatment and Rehabilitation Centers in the Philippines
- The Upshot of the Implementation of a Drug-Free Workplace Program to the Employees of the City Government of Muntinlupa
Announcements and Advisory
- Advisory for July 28, 2020
- Advisory for July 2, 2020
- Online Application for Certification and Exemption Information System
- On the use of Ordinary Prescription Forms in prescribing dangerous drugs during the duration of the State of Public Health Emergency under Proclamation No. 922
- Amendment of advisory dated 18 March 2020 with the subject, "Use of Electronic Prescription for Dangerous Drugs during the duration of the State of Calamity pursuant to Proclamation No. 929 of the Office of the President"