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DOST joins DDB, other government agencies in the implementation of PADS

The Dangerous Drugs Board (DDB) led the institutionalization of the Philippine Anti-Illegal Drugs Strategy to the Department of Science and Technology (DOST) through the Orientation-Workshop for DOST Central Office, Regional Offices, and Attached Agencies.

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PHILIPPINES TO ASSUME AS CHAIR OF THE TREATMENT AND REHABILITATION CLUSTER OF THE ASEAN SENIOR OFFICIALS ON DRUG MATTERS

In Photo: The Philippines officially accepts the chairmanship of the Treatment and Rehabilitation Cluster of the ASEAN Senior Officials on Drug Matters from Director General Dato’ Sri Zulkifli Bin Abdullah of the National Anti-Drugs Agency of Malaysia.

Senior officials from the Dangerous Drugs Board (DDB) and the Philippine Drug Enforcement Agency (PDEA) are in Siem Reap, Cambodia for the 40th Meeting of ASEAN Senior Officials on Drug Matters (ASOD). The annual high-level discussion provides a platform for significant international and regional cooperation highlighting important aspects of the ASEAN Work Plan in Securing Communities Against Illicit Drugs. Concerns range from Law Enforcement, Preventive Education, Alternative Development, Treatment and Rehabilitation to Research.

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DDB convenes SK Federation Presidents in General Santos City

After the passage of the SK Reform Law, the Dangerous Drugs Board puts premium to drug abuse prevention education as a way of strengthening the commitment of the Sangguniang Kabataan in President Rodrigo Roa Duterte’s campaign against illegal drugs.

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DDB Statement on the adoption of Iceland’s Resolution at the United Nations Human Rights Council

The Dangerous Drugs Board (DDB) expresses its dismay at the ill-informed action of the United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) to proceed with its preliminary investigation on the violations which have purportedly been committed by the Government of the Republic of the Philippines in the course of its campaign against illegal drugs.

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DDB recognizes secondary schools with outstanding anti-drug program for the youth

The Dangerous Drugs Board (DDB) holds an awarding ceremony to recognize winners of the Search for Outstanding Barkada Kontra Droga (BKD) implementers in secondary schools today, July 12, at Richmonde Hotel, Ortigas City.

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DDB statement on the UN Resolution to investigate alleged “drug killings” in the Philippines

The Dangerous Drugs Board denounces the draft resolution filed by Iceland at the United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHCR) to investigate drug-related killings in the Philippines.

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DDB includes plants that are sources of drugs, and GBL in the list of dangerous drugs

The Dangerous Drugs Board (DDB) has updated the list of dangerous drugs during its 184th regular meeting last Thursday, June 27, at the DDB headquarters.

Presided by DDB Chairman Secretary Catalino Cuy, Board Members agreed to include plants that contain or are sources of substances listed in the 1961 Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs, 1971 Single Convention on Psychotropic Substances and those classified by the Board as dangerous drugs.

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DDB, other government agencies, kicks off IDADAIT celebration in Bataan

About 3,000 youth anti-drug advocates joined the kickoff celebration of the International Day Against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking (IDADAIT) in Balanga City, Bataan last Saturday, June 22.

Spearheaded by the Dangerous Drugs Board, Provincial Government of Bataan, and Department of Health Treatment and Rehabilitation Center Bataan, the celebration commenced with an opening program, followed by a fun run, and an anti-drug concert.

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Provincial government of Bataan to host IDADAIT 2019 celebration

The Dangerous Drugs Board (DDB) in partnership with the provincial government of Bataan, gears up for the national celebration of the International Day Against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking (IDADAIT) on June 22, in Balanga City, Bataan.

With the theme “Katarungan para sa Kalusugan, Kalusugan para sa Katarungan,” the DDB and the provincial government of Bataan enlist the participation of youth and young professionals, including barangay anti-drug abuse councils, Non-Government Organizations and other government agencies in cultivating a healthy and drug-free lifestyle.
 
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2012 Nationwide Survey on the Current Nature and Extent of Drug Abuse in the Philippines

Survey 2012 1This study is a collaborative research between the DDB and the Philippine Normal University. It was conducted to determine the current nature and extent of drug abuse in the country.

The survey sampled a total of 10, 752 respondents ranging from ages 10 to 69 years old, identified through a proportional sampling. A total of 256 sites served as study areas. Multi-stage sampling technique was employed in selecting the study sites which included 17 regions, 43 provinces, 42 capitals, 86 municipalities/cities, 137 urban and 119 rural barangays. The data gathering was conducted from end of October 2012 to March 2013.Survey 2012 2

Based on the study, it was estimated that there could be 1.3 Million current drug users. The estimate was derived using the 2012 NSCB projected population of age 10-69 which is 72, 735, 094.

 

An Assessment on the Implementation of the DDB Policy on the Inclusion of at least 5% Mustard Oil Content on Toluene-Based Contact Cement

The  collection  of  data  was  conducted through  questionnaires  and  interviews  with the  implementers  and  from  the  selected lists  of  licensed  stakeholders  (importers, manufacturers,  retailers  and  end  users provided  by  PDEA  in  the  following  areas: Caloocan,  Manila,  Malabon,  Mandaluyong, Muntinlupa,  Marikina,  Valenzuela,  Pasig, Parañaque, Taguig, Cavite and Rizal.  A total of two hundred sixty-one (261) respondents were interviewed.

Ninety-three percent (93%) of the respondents are aware that Toluene-Based Contact Cement is being abused.

Seventy-three  percent  (73%)  of  the  implementers  particularly  PDEA  are  very  much aware of  the  Policy  on  Toluene-Based  Contact  Cement.  Twenty  percent  (20%), however  of barangay  officials  are  not  aware  of  the  policy,  thirty  percent  (30%)  are aware on some extent and half of  the barangay officials interviewed have very limited awareness.  Hence,  barangay  officials  need  to  be  informed  and  be  educated  with  the said policy.

With the implementation of the policy, almost all of the respondents admitted that the quality of their finished products decreased and so is their profits/sales while the costs of their production increased.

The study also looked into the problems encountered by the implementers, as well as, stakeholders in the enforcement of the policy. Among the restraining factors mentioned were:

    • Lack of knowledge on the part of barangay officials
    • Lack of PDEA manpower to regularly monitor its implementation
    • Financial constraints of PDEA
    • Limited and poor information drive
    • Additional cost to the legitimate industry
    • Poor or low quality of the finished product produced
    • Decrease in profit and sales of the industry
    • Short shelf-life of the toluene-based contact cement with at least 5% mustard oil
    • Potential health hazard to the production workers

Findings have shown a decrease in the trend of abuse on toluene-based contact cement. However, inhalant abusers resorted to roof sealant as evidenced by the reports of the increase in its use.

Among the recommendations are the need to review some misleading provisions of the regulation and/or lessen if not replaced  the  mustard  oil  concentrations  in  toluene-based contact  cement  products  manufactured,  information  dissemination  to  better understand  the  policy especially  to  the  local  officials  who  enforce  the  law  and  all concerned stakeholders, including  production  workers  and  to  address  the  other emerging issues relating to the policy.

 

Research and Statistics

The Dangerous Drugs Board ensures evidence-based policy-making and strategy formulation by rooting on the ideals of objective analysis and thorough research. Policy Studies, Research and Statistics Division is mandated to conduct researches, gather relevant data and analyze trends on drug abuse in the Philippines. The division also handles the collection, encoding, processing, analysis, presentation and monitoring of statistical data and information through the Integrated Drug Abuse Data and Information Network (IDADIN). It is also responsible for providing these data and other drug-related information to various stakeholders. Data collected and analyzed by the division aid in the Board’s policy review and formulation.

This is a compilation of researches on drugs and drug abuse prevention and control undertaken by various research entities and educational institutions, including studies which can be found in different libraries.

PROFILE OF DRUG ABUSERS
(Facility Based)*
CY 2012

AGE : Mean age of 29 years
SEX : Ratio of male to female 10:1
CIVIL STATUS : Single 52.11%
STATUS OF EMPLOYMENT : Unemployed 38.67%
EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT : College Level 32.22%
ECONOMIC STATUS : Average Monthly Family Income Php 15,789
PLACE OF RESIDENCE : Urban (Specifically NCR 47.70%)
DURATION OF DRUG - TAKING : More than six (6) years
NATURE OF DRUG - TAKING : Poly drug use**
DRUGS/SUBSTANCES OF ABUSE :
                                           Methamphetamine Hydrochloride (Shabu)
                                           Cannabis (Marijuana)
                                           Inhalants (Contact Cement Adhesive)

* Residential and Out-Patient Facilities
** Poly drug users - abuse of more than one (1) drug

DEMOGRAPHIC CHARACTERISTICS

       There were more males than female clients, ratio of 10:1. The mean age remained to be 29 years old, youngest, is 8 years old while the eldest is 73 years old. The highest percentage belongs to age group of 30 to 34 with 566 or 20.63%.

       More than half of the center clients are single (52.11%) followed by married (27.88%), 14.83% with live-in partners and 3.97% were separated prior to rehabilitation.

       As to educational attainment, 701 or 25.55% have reached high school while 884 or 32.22% were able to reach college level.

       With regard to the status of employment, 38.67% were unemployed and 17.09% were either skilled or unskilled workers prior to their stay in the centers. Their average monthly family income is Php 15,789.


REPORTED CASES BY GENDER
(Facility Based)*
CY 2012

                                                    MALE             FEMALE       GRAND TOTAL
TYPE OF ADMISSION No. % No. % No. %
NEW ADMISSION 1,990 72.52 202 7.36 2,192 79.88
RE-ADMISSION 377 13.74 27 0.98 404 14.72
OUT-PATIENT 125 4.56 23 0.84 148 5.39
TOTAL 2,492 90.82 252 9.18 2,744 100.00

* Total Reported Cases from Residential and Out-Patient Facilities

CY 2012 ANALYSIS

       For the year 2012, twenty-nine (29) residential treatment and one (1) outpatient facilities reported to the Integrated Drug Abuse Data and Information Network (IDADIN). These facilities reported a total admission of 2,744 drug cases. Of this number, 79.88% or 2,192 were new admission, 14.72% or 404 were relapse cases and 5.39% or 148 were referrals from outpatient facilities.

       A decrease of 9.74% was recorded from previous year which can be attributed to the following reasons: financial constraints encountered by families with drug dependents, strict implementation of law, and diversion to other forms of vices such as gambling, computer games, etc.


MOST COMMONLY USED/ABUSED DRUGS/SUBSTANCES
(Facility Based)*
CY 2012

DRUGS USED / ABUSED NEW ADMISSION RE-ADMISSION OUT-PATIENT GRAND TOTAL % based on the total number of responses (3,472) % based on the total number of admissions (2,744)
1. Methamphetamine Hydrochloride(Shabu) 1,734 377 56 2,167 62.41 78.97
2. Cannabis (Marijuana) 772 128 34 934 26.90 34.04
3. Inhalants (Contact Cement, Adhesive) 108 3 18 129 3.72 4.70
4. Solvent 39 2 13 54 1.56 1.97
5. Cocaine 33 18   51 1.47 1.86
6. Benzodiazepines (Diazepam) 35 14   49 1.41 1.79
7. MDMA (Ecstasy) 20 9 1 30 0.86 1.09
8. Nalbuphine Hydrochloride (Nubain) 14 3   17 0.49 0.62

* Reported Cases from Residential and Out-Patient Facilities

       Methamphetamine Hydrochloride commonly known as “Shabu” is the number one drug of abuse with 2,167 cases, followed by Cannabis or Marijuana with 934 cases. Abuse of Contact Cement like rugby with 129 cases was also noted. The nature of drug taking remained to be poly-drug use.

       The routes of administration are inhalation/sniffing and oral ingestion.