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DDB Statement on the latest remarks of Vice President Robredo

The Dangerous Drugs Board is saddened by the remarks of Vice President Leni Robredo citing that the anti-drug campaign must be stopped and referring to it as a failure.

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DDB Executive Director elected as chair of the Heads of Drug Law Enforcement Agencies for Asia and the Pacific meeting

The Dangerous Drugs Board is pleased to announce the election of Undersecretary Earl Saavedra as Chair of the Heads of Drug Law Enforcement Agencies for Asia and the Pacific (HONLEA) during its 43rd Session in Bangkok, Thailand.

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DDB welcomes additional budget for support to treatment and rehabilitation

The Dangerous Drugs Board expressed its gratitude to the House of Representatives for the additional P240 million budget for the establishment of community based treatment and rehabilitation facilities all over the country. This was included in House Bill 4228 or General Appropriations Act of 2020.

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DDB vows to support the implementation of recommendations presented during the nat’l drugs summit

The Dangerous Drugs Board, in partnership with the Supreme Court and Philippine Judicial Academy convened representatives of the executive, legislative and the judiciary for a National Summit on Dangerous Drugs Law last Thursday, October 3, at the Manila Hotel.

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DDB Lauds Filipino’s Support for the Anti-Illegal Drugs Campaign

The Dangerous Drugs Board (DDB) welcomes the latest SWS Survey showing an 82% satisfaction rate on the government’s campaign against illegal drugs in the country.

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DOST joins DDB, other government agencies in the implementation of PADS

The Dangerous Drugs Board (DDB) led the institutionalization of the Philippine Anti-Illegal Drugs Strategy to the Department of Science and Technology (DOST) through the Orientation-Workshop for DOST Central Office, Regional Offices, and Attached Agencies.

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PHILIPPINES TO ASSUME AS CHAIR OF THE TREATMENT AND REHABILITATION CLUSTER OF THE ASEAN SENIOR OFFICIALS ON DRUG MATTERS

In Photo: The Philippines officially accepts the chairmanship of the Treatment and Rehabilitation Cluster of the ASEAN Senior Officials on Drug Matters from Director General Dato’ Sri Zulkifli Bin Abdullah of the National Anti-Drugs Agency of Malaysia.

Senior officials from the Dangerous Drugs Board (DDB) and the Philippine Drug Enforcement Agency (PDEA) are in Siem Reap, Cambodia for the 40th Meeting of ASEAN Senior Officials on Drug Matters (ASOD). The annual high-level discussion provides a platform for significant international and regional cooperation highlighting important aspects of the ASEAN Work Plan in Securing Communities Against Illicit Drugs. Concerns range from Law Enforcement, Preventive Education, Alternative Development, Treatment and Rehabilitation to Research.

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DDB convenes SK Federation Presidents in General Santos City

After the passage of the SK Reform Law, the Dangerous Drugs Board puts premium to drug abuse prevention education as a way of strengthening the commitment of the Sangguniang Kabataan in President Rodrigo Roa Duterte’s campaign against illegal drugs.

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DDB Statement on the adoption of Iceland’s Resolution at the United Nations Human Rights Council

The Dangerous Drugs Board (DDB) expresses its dismay at the ill-informed action of the United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) to proceed with its preliminary investigation on the violations which have purportedly been committed by the Government of the Republic of the Philippines in the course of its campaign against illegal drugs.

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Household Survey on the Nature and Extent of Drug Abuse in the Philippines

The project, “The Household Survey on the Nature and Extent of Drug Abuse in the Philippines,” was conducted to determine the nature and extent of drug abuse in the country after the enactment of RA 9165.  More specifically, it tried to ascertain the number and national estimates of lifetime prevalent and current users in the country.

A Rapid Assessment on Nalbuphine Hydrochloride Abuse in Metro Manila and Cebu City

This study delves deeper on the reason/s for continued Nalbuphine Hydrochloride abuse in Cebu City and also Metro Manila.  Primary sources of data were self-confessed Nalbuphine Hydrochloride users confined in the different rehabilitation centers in Cebu City and one in Metro Manila.  Law enforcement officials and the heads of rehabilitation centers under study served as secondary sources of data.  Documentary analysis of existing information on Nalbuphine Hydrochloride abuse was also utilized in the study.

A Study on Drug Use among Selected Children in the Philippines

This study was carried out as one of the activities under the Dangerous Drugs Board project, Integrated Drug Abuse Data Information Network. This is in line with the UNODC F-97 project, “Improving ATS Data and Information Systems.”

The study determined the nature of drug abuse among selected children ages 17 and below using both qualitative and quantitative research methods.  This was undertaken in Metro Manila, Cebu, Olongapo, and San Pablo City.

Specifically, the study analyzed the following:

  1. The demographic characteristics of selected community-based (living with family) street-based (living on the street) and center-based (confined in the institution) children 17 years of age and below who have tried drugs or have continued using drugs.
  2. Children’s most commonly used or abused drugs.
  3. The perceived level of drug abuse problem in the barangay or areas frequented by the respondents.
  4. The consequences or contributing factors which led children to stay on streets.
  5. The hazards or the risks faced by children on the streets.

As evidenced by the findings of the study, the following represents the demographic characteristics of the respondents:

  • Mostly males, the youngest was 4 years, the oldest was 16 years while the mean or the average age was 13.5 years;
  • Those who were in the institutions were either abandoned or living with other children on the streets before they were brought to the centers.  For the community-based, they lived with their families in the slum areas.  As to the street children, they viewed the streets as their home or were forced to live on the streets after calamities (fire, typhoons, eruption of volcano) displaced their families.
  • The occupations of parents of these children were drivers, scavengers, and laundrywomen.  Others were jobless and plain housewives.  Their average daily income is Php 152.82 (USD 3.38).
  • As to education, majority of the children have reached elementary level.

On the Prevalence of Drug Abuse

Both the qualitative and quantitative data revealed the following:

Qualitative Research

Majority of the respondents who were utilized in the focus group discussions and key informant approach have tried drugs and were still using drugs prior to their admission/referral to the centers.  Curiosity, peer group pressure, and the desire to forget hunger or to forget problems were the reasons given for trying drugs. Inhalants, like solvents, were the first drugs tried by the respondents.

Quantitative Data

• Of the 316 respondents, 201 or 72.5% have tried drugs.  The distribution of respondents who have tried drugs are as follows: Metro Manila, 108 or (34.1%); Cebu, 71 (22.4%); Olongapo, 19 (6%); and San Pablo, 3 (1%). The highest prevalence of drug abuse is on those based on the centers or children brought to the centers due to drug abuse problem (36.5%).
• Inhalants like solvents were the first drugs tried by children belonging to the age group 12 and below; while Cannabis (Marijuana) and Methamphetamine Hydrochloride were abused by those belonging to age groups 13 up to 16 years.
• Peer pressure, curiosity and influence by an older or younger sibling were the reasons given for initial drug use.
• For those who have tried drugs, 40.3% (129) have continued to abuse drugs. With regard to drugs commonly abused, 14.37% admitted to have abused inhalants weekly while 7.81% continued to abuse Shabu 2-3 times a week.
• Peer group pressure, habitual drug use, and the need to forget hunger were the reasons given for their continued use of drugs.

On the Perceived Level of Drug Abuse in the Barangay

Majority of the respondents in the focus group discussions were aware that their barangays (smallest political unit) or the places they used to frequent have a drug abuse problem.

On Risks or Hazards Faced by Children on the Streets

As evidenced by the focus group discussions, the children were very much exposed to vices like drug abuse, and juvenile crimes like pick pocketing, shoplifting and snatching or in the case of females, prostitution.

Recommendations

Findings revealed that most of the children abusing drugs lived in slum areas. Thus, drug abuse prevention programs of the government, particularly of the Dangerous Drugs Board and other concerned agencies, should be focused on these areas.  Second, the results of the study pointed out to the hazards faced by children on the streets like being exposed to drugs and other vices. It is recommended that strict curfew hours for children aged 17 and below be implemented or if already existing, the same be strictly implemented.  Moreover, alternative programs or livelihood opportunities for these children as well as their families should be provided by the local government concerned.  Third, the government, particularly the Department of Education and the Department of Social Welfare and Development, should also look into the possibility of conducting a mobile schooling program on the high-risk areas frequented by the children.

2012 Nationwide Survey on the Current Nature and Extent of Drug Abuse in the Philippines

Survey 2012 1This study is a collaborative research between the DDB and the Philippine Normal University. It was conducted to determine the current nature and extent of drug abuse in the country.

The survey sampled a total of 10, 752 respondents ranging from ages 10 to 69 years old, identified through a proportional sampling. A total of 256 sites served as study areas. Multi-stage sampling technique was employed in selecting the study sites which included 17 regions, 43 provinces, 42 capitals, 86 municipalities/cities, 137 urban and 119 rural barangays. The data gathering was conducted from end of October 2012 to March 2013.Survey 2012 2

Based on the study, it was estimated that there could be 1.3 Million current drug users. The estimate was derived using the 2012 NSCB projected population of age 10-69 which is 72, 735, 094.

 

An Assessment on the Implementation of the DDB Policy on the Inclusion of at least 5% Mustard Oil Content on Toluene-Based Contact Cement

The  collection  of  data  was  conducted through  questionnaires  and  interviews  with the  implementers  and  from  the  selected lists  of  licensed  stakeholders  (importers, manufacturers,  retailers  and  end  users provided  by  PDEA  in  the  following  areas: Caloocan,  Manila,  Malabon,  Mandaluyong, Muntinlupa,  Marikina,  Valenzuela,  Pasig, Parañaque, Taguig, Cavite and Rizal.  A total of two hundred sixty-one (261) respondents were interviewed.

Ninety-three percent (93%) of the respondents are aware that Toluene-Based Contact Cement is being abused.

Seventy-three  percent  (73%)  of  the  implementers  particularly  PDEA  are  very  much aware of  the  Policy  on  Toluene-Based  Contact  Cement.  Twenty  percent  (20%), however  of barangay  officials  are  not  aware  of  the  policy,  thirty  percent  (30%)  are aware on some extent and half of  the barangay officials interviewed have very limited awareness.  Hence,  barangay  officials  need  to  be  informed  and  be  educated  with  the said policy.

With the implementation of the policy, almost all of the respondents admitted that the quality of their finished products decreased and so is their profits/sales while the costs of their production increased.

The study also looked into the problems encountered by the implementers, as well as, stakeholders in the enforcement of the policy. Among the restraining factors mentioned were:

    • Lack of knowledge on the part of barangay officials
    • Lack of PDEA manpower to regularly monitor its implementation
    • Financial constraints of PDEA
    • Limited and poor information drive
    • Additional cost to the legitimate industry
    • Poor or low quality of the finished product produced
    • Decrease in profit and sales of the industry
    • Short shelf-life of the toluene-based contact cement with at least 5% mustard oil
    • Potential health hazard to the production workers

Findings have shown a decrease in the trend of abuse on toluene-based contact cement. However, inhalant abusers resorted to roof sealant as evidenced by the reports of the increase in its use.

Among the recommendations are the need to review some misleading provisions of the regulation and/or lessen if not replaced  the  mustard  oil  concentrations  in  toluene-based contact  cement  products  manufactured,  information  dissemination  to  better understand  the  policy especially  to  the  local  officials  who  enforce  the  law  and  all concerned stakeholders, including  production  workers  and  to  address  the  other emerging issues relating to the policy.

 

Research and Statistics

The Dangerous Drugs Board ensures evidence-based policy-making and strategy formulation by rooting on the ideals of objective analysis and thorough research. Policy Studies, Research and Statistics Division is mandated to conduct researches, gather relevant data and analyze trends on drug abuse in the Philippines. The division also handles the collection, encoding, processing, analysis, presentation and monitoring of statistical data and information through the Integrated Drug Abuse Data and Information Network (IDADIN). It is also responsible for providing these data and other drug-related information to various stakeholders. Data collected and analyzed by the division aid in the Board’s policy review and formulation.

This is a compilation of researches on drugs and drug abuse prevention and control undertaken by various research entities and educational institutions, including studies which can be found in different libraries.