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DDB, other government agencies, kicks off IDADAIT celebration in Bataan

About 3,000 youth anti-drug advocates joined the kickoff celebration of the International Day Against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking (IDADAIT) in Balanga City, Bataan last Saturday, June 22.

Spearheaded by the Dangerous Drugs Board, Provincial Government of Bataan, and Department of Health Treatment and Rehabilitation Center Bataan, the celebration commenced with an opening program, followed by a fun run, and an anti-drug concert.

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Provincial government of Bataan to host IDADAIT 2019 celebration

The Dangerous Drugs Board (DDB) in partnership with the provincial government of Bataan, gears up for the national celebration of the International Day Against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking (IDADAIT) on June 22, in Balanga City, Bataan.

With the theme “Katarungan para sa Kalusugan, Kalusugan para sa Katarungan,” the DDB and the provincial government of Bataan enlist the participation of youth and young professionals, including barangay anti-drug abuse councils, Non-Government Organizations and other government agencies in cultivating a healthy and drug-free lifestyle.
 
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Dangerous Drugs Board clarifies Audit Report on the Unliquidated Fund Transfers

The Dangerous Drugs Board on Monday responded to published articles of the Philippine Star and Manila Standard concerning the 50-million-peso fund transfers to various institutions which remain unliquidated up to fiscal year 2018.

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DDB to provide evidence-based assessment on the extent of the drug problem in the country

The Dangerous Drugs Board is ready to undertake a scientific study to determine the real nature and extent of the country’s problem on illegal drugs.

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UNITED NATIONS OFFICE ON DRUGS AND CRIME HOLDS DIALOGUE WITH THE PHILIPPINE DELEGATION TO THE MINISTERIAL SEGMENT OF THE 62ND SESSION OF THE COMMISSION ON NARCOTIC DRUGS

The Philippine Delegation met with the Director-General of the United Nations Headquarters in Vienna and Concurrent Executive Director of the United Nations Office of Drugs and Crime Yuri Fedotov to discuss the Philippines’ current efforts on drug abuse prevention and control.

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Philippines Opens Exhibit Showcasing the Anti-Drug Strategy in Vienna

The Philippines, through the Dangerous Drugs Board and the Permanent Mission in Vienna opens an exhibit showcasing the Philippine Anti-Illegal Drugs Strategy at the sidelines of the Commission on Narcotic Drugs Meeting at the United Nations in Austria.

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DDB statement on the remarks of United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights

While the Philippine government’s campaign against illegal drugs does not bank on recognition to have its efforts propped, the Dangerous Drugs Board finds the latest remarks of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights to be unfair and prejudiced.

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DDB participates in INCB training to counter dangerous drugs trafficking

The Dangerous Drugs Board (DDB) attended the Project Ion Incident Communication System (IONICS) and Precursors Incident System (PICS) workshop, last 17-18 January 2019 in Bangkok, Thailand.

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Anti-drug campaign, not just about law enforcement – DDB

The Dangerous Drugs Board underscores that the country’s anti-drug campaign is based on a holistic, comprehensive and balanced approach.

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2012 Nationwide Survey on the Current Nature and Extent of Drug Abuse in the Philippines

Survey 2012 1This study is a collaborative research between the DDB and the Philippine Normal University. It was conducted to determine the current nature and extent of drug abuse in the country.

The survey sampled a total of 10, 752 respondents ranging from ages 10 to 69 years old, identified through a proportional sampling. A total of 256 sites served as study areas. Multi-stage sampling technique was employed in selecting the study sites which included 17 regions, 43 provinces, 42 capitals, 86 municipalities/cities, 137 urban and 119 rural barangays. The data gathering was conducted from end of October 2012 to March 2013.Survey 2012 2

Based on the study, it was estimated that there could be 1.3 Million current drug users. The estimate was derived using the 2012 NSCB projected population of age 10-69 which is 72, 735, 094.

 

An Assessment on the Implementation of the DDB Policy on the Inclusion of at least 5% Mustard Oil Content on Toluene-Based Contact Cement

The  collection  of  data  was  conducted through  questionnaires  and  interviews  with the  implementers  and  from  the  selected lists  of  licensed  stakeholders  (importers, manufacturers,  retailers  and  end  users provided  by  PDEA  in  the  following  areas: Caloocan,  Manila,  Malabon,  Mandaluyong, Muntinlupa,  Marikina,  Valenzuela,  Pasig, Parañaque, Taguig, Cavite and Rizal.  A total of two hundred sixty-one (261) respondents were interviewed.

Ninety-three percent (93%) of the respondents are aware that Toluene-Based Contact Cement is being abused.

Seventy-three  percent  (73%)  of  the  implementers  particularly  PDEA  are  very  much aware of  the  Policy  on  Toluene-Based  Contact  Cement.  Twenty  percent  (20%), however  of barangay  officials  are  not  aware  of  the  policy,  thirty  percent  (30%)  are aware on some extent and half of  the barangay officials interviewed have very limited awareness.  Hence,  barangay  officials  need  to  be  informed  and  be  educated  with  the said policy.

With the implementation of the policy, almost all of the respondents admitted that the quality of their finished products decreased and so is their profits/sales while the costs of their production increased.

The study also looked into the problems encountered by the implementers, as well as, stakeholders in the enforcement of the policy. Among the restraining factors mentioned were:

    • Lack of knowledge on the part of barangay officials
    • Lack of PDEA manpower to regularly monitor its implementation
    • Financial constraints of PDEA
    • Limited and poor information drive
    • Additional cost to the legitimate industry
    • Poor or low quality of the finished product produced
    • Decrease in profit and sales of the industry
    • Short shelf-life of the toluene-based contact cement with at least 5% mustard oil
    • Potential health hazard to the production workers

Findings have shown a decrease in the trend of abuse on toluene-based contact cement. However, inhalant abusers resorted to roof sealant as evidenced by the reports of the increase in its use.

Among the recommendations are the need to review some misleading provisions of the regulation and/or lessen if not replaced  the  mustard  oil  concentrations  in  toluene-based contact  cement  products  manufactured,  information  dissemination  to  better understand  the  policy especially  to  the  local  officials  who  enforce  the  law  and  all concerned stakeholders, including  production  workers  and  to  address  the  other emerging issues relating to the policy.

 

Research and Statistics

The Dangerous Drugs Board ensures evidence-based policy-making and strategy formulation by rooting on the ideals of objective analysis and thorough research. Policy Studies, Research and Statistics Division is mandated to conduct researches, gather relevant data and analyze trends on drug abuse in the Philippines. The division also handles the collection, encoding, processing, analysis, presentation and monitoring of statistical data and information through the Integrated Drug Abuse Data and Information Network (IDADIN). It is also responsible for providing these data and other drug-related information to various stakeholders. Data collected and analyzed by the division aid in the Board’s policy review and formulation.

This is a compilation of researches on drugs and drug abuse prevention and control undertaken by various research entities and educational institutions, including studies which can be found in different libraries.

PROFILE OF DRUG ABUSERS
(Facility Based)*
CY 2012

AGE : Mean age of 29 years
SEX : Ratio of male to female 10:1
CIVIL STATUS : Single 52.11%
STATUS OF EMPLOYMENT : Unemployed 38.67%
EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT : College Level 32.22%
ECONOMIC STATUS : Average Monthly Family Income Php 15,789
PLACE OF RESIDENCE : Urban (Specifically NCR 47.70%)
DURATION OF DRUG - TAKING : More than six (6) years
NATURE OF DRUG - TAKING : Poly drug use**
DRUGS/SUBSTANCES OF ABUSE :
                                           Methamphetamine Hydrochloride (Shabu)
                                           Cannabis (Marijuana)
                                           Inhalants (Contact Cement Adhesive)

* Residential and Out-Patient Facilities
** Poly drug users - abuse of more than one (1) drug

DEMOGRAPHIC CHARACTERISTICS

       There were more males than female clients, ratio of 10:1. The mean age remained to be 29 years old, youngest, is 8 years old while the eldest is 73 years old. The highest percentage belongs to age group of 30 to 34 with 566 or 20.63%.

       More than half of the center clients are single (52.11%) followed by married (27.88%), 14.83% with live-in partners and 3.97% were separated prior to rehabilitation.

       As to educational attainment, 701 or 25.55% have reached high school while 884 or 32.22% were able to reach college level.

       With regard to the status of employment, 38.67% were unemployed and 17.09% were either skilled or unskilled workers prior to their stay in the centers. Their average monthly family income is Php 15,789.


REPORTED CASES BY GENDER
(Facility Based)*
CY 2012

                                                    MALE             FEMALE       GRAND TOTAL
TYPE OF ADMISSION No. % No. % No. %
NEW ADMISSION 1,990 72.52 202 7.36 2,192 79.88
RE-ADMISSION 377 13.74 27 0.98 404 14.72
OUT-PATIENT 125 4.56 23 0.84 148 5.39
TOTAL 2,492 90.82 252 9.18 2,744 100.00

* Total Reported Cases from Residential and Out-Patient Facilities

CY 2012 ANALYSIS

       For the year 2012, twenty-nine (29) residential treatment and one (1) outpatient facilities reported to the Integrated Drug Abuse Data and Information Network (IDADIN). These facilities reported a total admission of 2,744 drug cases. Of this number, 79.88% or 2,192 were new admission, 14.72% or 404 were relapse cases and 5.39% or 148 were referrals from outpatient facilities.

       A decrease of 9.74% was recorded from previous year which can be attributed to the following reasons: financial constraints encountered by families with drug dependents, strict implementation of law, and diversion to other forms of vices such as gambling, computer games, etc.


MOST COMMONLY USED/ABUSED DRUGS/SUBSTANCES
(Facility Based)*
CY 2012

DRUGS USED / ABUSED NEW ADMISSION RE-ADMISSION OUT-PATIENT GRAND TOTAL % based on the total number of responses (3,472) % based on the total number of admissions (2,744)
1. Methamphetamine Hydrochloride(Shabu) 1,734 377 56 2,167 62.41 78.97
2. Cannabis (Marijuana) 772 128 34 934 26.90 34.04
3. Inhalants (Contact Cement, Adhesive) 108 3 18 129 3.72 4.70
4. Solvent 39 2 13 54 1.56 1.97
5. Cocaine 33 18   51 1.47 1.86
6. Benzodiazepines (Diazepam) 35 14   49 1.41 1.79
7. MDMA (Ecstasy) 20 9 1 30 0.86 1.09
8. Nalbuphine Hydrochloride (Nubain) 14 3   17 0.49 0.62

* Reported Cases from Residential and Out-Patient Facilities

       Methamphetamine Hydrochloride commonly known as “Shabu” is the number one drug of abuse with 2,167 cases, followed by Cannabis or Marijuana with 934 cases. Abuse of Contact Cement like rugby with 129 cases was also noted. The nature of drug taking remained to be poly-drug use.

       The routes of administration are inhalation/sniffing and oral ingestion.