MENU

DOST joins DDB, other government agencies in the implementation of PADS

The Dangerous Drugs Board (DDB) led the institutionalization of the Philippine Anti-Illegal Drugs Strategy to the Department of Science and Technology (DOST) through the Orientation-Workshop for DOST Central Office, Regional Offices, and Attached Agencies.

Read more ...

PHILIPPINES TO ASSUME AS CHAIR OF THE TREATMENT AND REHABILITATION CLUSTER OF THE ASEAN SENIOR OFFICIALS ON DRUG MATTERS

In Photo: The Philippines officially accepts the chairmanship of the Treatment and Rehabilitation Cluster of the ASEAN Senior Officials on Drug Matters from Director General Dato’ Sri Zulkifli Bin Abdullah of the National Anti-Drugs Agency of Malaysia.

Senior officials from the Dangerous Drugs Board (DDB) and the Philippine Drug Enforcement Agency (PDEA) are in Siem Reap, Cambodia for the 40th Meeting of ASEAN Senior Officials on Drug Matters (ASOD). The annual high-level discussion provides a platform for significant international and regional cooperation highlighting important aspects of the ASEAN Work Plan in Securing Communities Against Illicit Drugs. Concerns range from Law Enforcement, Preventive Education, Alternative Development, Treatment and Rehabilitation to Research.

Read more ...

DDB convenes SK Federation Presidents in General Santos City

After the passage of the SK Reform Law, the Dangerous Drugs Board puts premium to drug abuse prevention education as a way of strengthening the commitment of the Sangguniang Kabataan in President Rodrigo Roa Duterte’s campaign against illegal drugs.

Read more ...

DDB Statement on the adoption of Iceland’s Resolution at the United Nations Human Rights Council

The Dangerous Drugs Board (DDB) expresses its dismay at the ill-informed action of the United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) to proceed with its preliminary investigation on the violations which have purportedly been committed by the Government of the Republic of the Philippines in the course of its campaign against illegal drugs.

Read more ...

DDB recognizes secondary schools with outstanding anti-drug program for the youth

The Dangerous Drugs Board (DDB) holds an awarding ceremony to recognize winners of the Search for Outstanding Barkada Kontra Droga (BKD) implementers in secondary schools today, July 12, at Richmonde Hotel, Ortigas City.

Read more ...

DDB statement on the UN Resolution to investigate alleged “drug killings” in the Philippines

The Dangerous Drugs Board denounces the draft resolution filed by Iceland at the United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHCR) to investigate drug-related killings in the Philippines.

Read more ...

DDB includes plants that are sources of drugs, and GBL in the list of dangerous drugs

The Dangerous Drugs Board (DDB) has updated the list of dangerous drugs during its 184th regular meeting last Thursday, June 27, at the DDB headquarters.

Presided by DDB Chairman Secretary Catalino Cuy, Board Members agreed to include plants that contain or are sources of substances listed in the 1961 Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs, 1971 Single Convention on Psychotropic Substances and those classified by the Board as dangerous drugs.

Read more ...

DDB, other government agencies, kicks off IDADAIT celebration in Bataan

About 3,000 youth anti-drug advocates joined the kickoff celebration of the International Day Against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking (IDADAIT) in Balanga City, Bataan last Saturday, June 22.

Spearheaded by the Dangerous Drugs Board, Provincial Government of Bataan, and Department of Health Treatment and Rehabilitation Center Bataan, the celebration commenced with an opening program, followed by a fun run, and an anti-drug concert.

Read more ...

Provincial government of Bataan to host IDADAIT 2019 celebration

The Dangerous Drugs Board (DDB) in partnership with the provincial government of Bataan, gears up for the national celebration of the International Day Against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking (IDADAIT) on June 22, in Balanga City, Bataan.

With the theme “Katarungan para sa Kalusugan, Kalusugan para sa Katarungan,” the DDB and the provincial government of Bataan enlist the participation of youth and young professionals, including barangay anti-drug abuse councils, Non-Government Organizations and other government agencies in cultivating a healthy and drug-free lifestyle.
 
Read more ...

PROFILE OF DRUG ABUSERS
(Facility Based)*
CY 2013

     AGE : Mean age of  30 years
     SEX : Ratio of male to female 13:1
     CIVIL STATUS : Single 50.52%
     STATUS OF EMPLOYMENT : Unemployed  42.74%
     EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT : College Level 32%
     ECONOMIC STATUS : Average Monthly Family Income Php 15,671
     PLACE OF RESIDENCE : Urban (Specifically NCR  51.29%)
     DURATION OF DRUG - TAKING : More than six (6) years
     NATURE OF DRUG - TAKING : Poly drug use**
     DRUGS/SUBSTANCES OF ABUSE :
                                        Methamphetamine Hydrochloride (Shabu)
                                        Cannabis (Marijuana)
                                        Inhalants (Contact Cement Adhesive)


  *  Residential and Out-Patient Facilities
**  Poly drug users -  abuse of more than one (1) drug


REPORTED CASES BY TYPE OF ADMISSION AND GENDER
(Facility Based)*
CY 2013

TYPE OF ADMISSION  MALE FEMALE  GRAND TOTAL 
 No.  %  No.  No.  %
 NEW ADMISSION  2,430  74.40  188  5.76  2,618  80.16
 RE-ADMISSION  428  13.10  18  0.55  446  13.66
 OUT-PATIENT  169  5.17  33  1.01  202  6.18
 TOTAL  3,027 92.68   239  7.32  3,266  100.00

*  Total Reported Cases from Residential and Out-Patient Facilities

STATISTICAL ANALYSIS
CY 2013


A total of 3,266 admissions were reported for the year under review.  Of this number, 2,618 were first time admissions, 446 were relapsed cases or re-admitted either in the same or different facility and 202 had sought treatment to an out-patient facility. These cases were based from the reports submitted by thirty-one (31) residential and one (1) out-patient facilities nationwide.  

Around ninety-three percent (92.68%) of the admitted cases were males and seven percent (7.32%) were females. The ratio of male to female is 10:1.

Of the total admission, both age groups of 30-34 and 40 and above reported at more than nineteen percent (19.38% and 19.35%)  while more than seventeen percent (17.64%) were those in the 25-29 age bracket.  The average age is 30 years old.

Half of the admitted cases were single (50.52%), while thirty-three percent (32.61%) were married. Seventeen percent (16.87%) reported to have live-in partners or separated, widow/er and divorced.
 
Based on the educational attainment, thirty-two percent (32%) of the center clients comprised those who have reached college level, followed by those who reached high school with twenty-five percent (24.56%) and who finished high school at fifteen percent (15.06%).

The average monthly family income among center clients is P 15,671.  The lowest monthly income was reported to be five hundred pesos (P 500).

Of the total admission from various treatment facilities, more than forty percent (42.74%) were unemployed, twenty-seven percent (26.55%) were workers/employees, seventeen percent (16.78%) were businessman/self-employed and the rest were OSY and students with almost 14 percent (13.93%).

As to the area of residence, fifty-one percent (51.29%) were residing in the National Capital Region (NCR) prior to their admission to rehabilitation.  Seventeen percent (16.84%) came from Region IV-A, followed by Region III with fourteen percent (14.45%).  

Sixty-three percent (63.17%) of the clients reported that peers/friends were their primary source of drugs and thirty-one percent (30.77%) were pushers.  

As to drug of use, eighty-three percent (83.50%) reported methamphetamine hydrochloride (shabu) as their drugs/substances of abuse, followed by Cannabis (marijuana, brownies, seeds, hashish) with twenty eight percent (28.02%) and inhalants specifically contact cement adhesive (rugby) with three percent (3.18%).  Other drugs/substances of abuse include solvent, cocaine, benzodiazepines, MDMA (ecstasy),  nalbuphine hydrochloride (nubain), cough/cold preparations and ketamine.

There was an increase in admission from 2012 to 2013 by nineteen percent (19.02%). The reasons to this increase may be attributed to the following: the anti-drug abuse council of the local government units has become active in the anti-drug campaign in their localities; drug dependents go for voluntary confinement because the parents/guardians became supportive of them; rehabilitation programs and methodology were improved and the awareness of the people have increased on anti-drugs laws because of proper dissemination of information and the media.  

PROFILE OF DRUG ABUSERS
(Facility Based)
CY 2011

AGE : Mean age of 29 years
SEX : Ratio of male to female 9:1
CIVIL STATUS : Single 51.94%
STATUS OF EMPLOYMENT : Unemployed 35.16%
EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT : College Level 30.23%
ECONOMIC STATUS : Average Monthly Family Income Php 15,818.10
PLACE OF RESIDENCE : Urban (Specifically NCR 48.42%)
DURATION OF DRUG - TAKING : More than six (6) years
NATURE OF DRUG - TAKING : Poly drug use**
DRUGS/SUBSTANCES OF ABUSE :
                                         Methamphetamine Hydrochloride (Shabu)
                                         Cannabis (Marijuana)
                                         Inhalants (Contact Cement Adhesive)

*Residential and Out-Patient Facilities
**Poly drug users - abuse of more than one (1) drug

REPORTED CASES BY GENDER
(Facility Based)*
CY 2011

                                                   MALE                FEMALE         GRAND TOTAL
TYPE OF ADMISSION No. % No. % No. %
NEW ADMISSION 2,148  70.66  246  8.09  2,394  78.75 
RE-ADMISSION  410 13.49  15  0.49  425  13.98 
OUT-PATIENT  190  6.25  31  1.02  221  7.27 
TOTAL  2,748  90.39  292  9.61  3,040  100.00 

* Total Reported Cases from Residential and Out-Patient Facilities

DRUG ABUSE TREND: 2011 ANALYSIS

       For the year 2011, thirty (30) residential treatment and three (3) outpatient facilities reported to the Integrated Drug Abuse Data and Information Network (IDADIN). These facilities reported a total admission of 3,040 drug cases. Of this number, 78.75% or 2,394 were new admission, 13.98% or 425 were relapse cases and 7.27% or 221 were referrals from outpatient facilities.

       A 10.75% increase was recorded from previous year. The increase may be attributable to the intensified advocacy program done by the government to convince families that those who have drug problems need to undergo treatment and rehabilitation. On the other hand, the increase on the arrests of users based on the intensified operations conducted by the law enforcement on pushers/users
may also have contributed to the increase of admission in the treatment and rehabilitation facilities

* Reported Cases from Residential and Out-Patient Facilities

 
MOST COMMONLY USED/ABUSED DRUGS/SUBSTANCES
(Facility Based)*
CY 2011
DRUGS USED / ABUSED NEW ADMISSION RE-ADMISSION OUT-PATIENT GRAND TOTAL % based on the total number of responses (3,692) % based on the total number of admissions (3,040)
1. Methamphetamine Hydrochloride(Shabu) 1,812 380 116 2,308 62.51 75.92
2. Cannabis (Marijuana) 767 136 89 992 26.87 32.63
3. Inhalants (Contact Cement, Adhesive) 156 10 9 175 4.74 5.76
4. Benzodiazepines (Diazepam) 41 14 3 58 1.57 1.91
5. Cocaine 37 13   50 1.35 1.64
6. Solvent 16   15 31 0.84 1.02
7. Nalbuphine Hydrochloride (Nubain) 25 3   28 0.76 0.92
8. MDMA (Ecstasy) 18 9   27 0.73 0.89

*  Reported Cases from Residential and Out-Patient Facilities

PROFILE OF DRUG ABUSERS
(Facility Based)*
CY 2010

AGE : Mean age of 29 years
SEX : Ratio of male to female 9:1
CIVIL STATUS : Single 52.64%
STATUS OF EMPLOYMENT : Unemployed 33.73%
EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT : College Level 29.54%
ECONOMIC STATUS : Average Monthly Family Income Php 17,545.14
PLACE OF RESIDENCE : Urban (Specifically NCR 43.75%)
DURATION OF DRUG - TAKING : More than six (6) years
NATURE OF DRUG - TAKING : Poly drug use**
DRUGS/SUBSTANCES OF ABUSE :
                                        Methamphetamine Hydrochloride (Shabu)
                                        Cannabis (Marijuana)
                                        Inhalants (Contact Cement Adhesive)

*Residential and Out-Patient Facilities
**Poly drug users - abuse of more than one (1) drug

DEMOGRAPHIC CHARACTERISTICS

       There were more male than female clients with a ratio of 9:1, with a mean age of 29 years old. The youngest center client was a 7 year old while the eldest was a 69 year old. The highest percentage belonged to age groups of 30 to 34 years old and 40 and above with 499 or 18.18%

       More than half of the center clients were single (52.64%) followed by married (28.31%), 11.62% had live in partners and 5.83% were separated prior to rehabilitation.

       As for educational attainment, 739 or 26.92% have reached high school level while 811 or 29.54% were able to reach college level.

       With regard to the status of employment, 33.73% were unemployed and 18.47% were either skilled or unskilled workers prior to their stay in the centers. Their average monthly family income is Php 17,545.14.

REPORTED CASES BY GENDER
(Facility Based)*
CY 2010

                                                   MALE             FEMALE     GRAND TOTAL
TYPE OF ADMISSION No. % No. % No. %
NEW ADMISSIONS 1,798 65.50 223 8.12 2,021 73.62
RE-ADMISSIONS 457 16.65 29 1.06 486 17.70
OUT-PATIENT 209 7.61 29 1.06 238 8.67
TOTAL 2,464 89.76 281 10.24 2,745 100.00

* Total Reported Cases from Residential and Out-Patient Facilities

DRUG ABUSE TREND: 2010 ANALYSIS

       For the year 2010, thirty-nine (39) residential treatment and three (3) outpatient facilities contributed data to the Integrated Drug Abuse Data and Information Network (IDADIN). These facilities reported a total 2,745 cases. Of this number, 73.62% or 2,021 were new admission, 17.70% or 486 were relapse cases and 8.67% or 238 were referrals from outpatient facilities.

       A 7.29% decrease was recorded from previous year. The decline may be due to the following reasons: people cannot afford the cost of treatment as most of the clients belong to the low income group; and the stereotype “denial syndrome” common among drug dependents, where they insist that they are in control of their drug-taking behavior and that any form of treatment. On the other hand, the intensified operations conducted by the law enforcement against pushers and drug traffickers may have contributed to the decline.

MOST COMMONLY USED/ABUSED DRUGS/SUBSTANCES
(Facility Based)*
CY 2010

DRUGS USED / ABUSED NEW ADMISSION RE-ADMISSION OUT-PATIENT GRAND TOTAL % based on the total number of responses (3,463) % based on the total number of admissions (2,745)
1. Methamphetamine Hydrochloride(Shabu) 1,354 423 152 1,929 55.70 70.27
2. Cannabis (Marijuana) 777 161 126 1,064 30.72 38.76
3. Inhalants (Contact Cement, Adhesive) 123 9 13 145 4.19 5.28
4. Benzodiazepines (Diazepam) 58 34 1 93 2.69 3.39
5. Cocaine 36 16 1 53 1.53 1.93
6. Cough / Cold Preparations 42 10   52 1.50 1.89
7. Nalbuphine Hydrochloride 41 8   49 1.41 1.79
MDMA (Ecstasy) 36 13   49 1.41 1.79
8. Solvent 7   1 8 0.23 0.29
9. Ketamine 4     4 0.12 0.15

* Total Reported Cases from Residential and Out-Patient Facilities


       Methamphetamine Hydrochloride commonly known as “shabu”, is still the most abused substance with reports of 1,929 cases, followed by Cannabis or Marijuana with 1,064 cases. Abuse of Contact Cement and other inhalants with 145 cases was also noted. The nature of drug taking remained to be poly-drug use The routes of administration are inhalation or sniffing and oral ingestion.

Household Survey on the Nature and Extent of Drug Abuse in the Philippines

The survey was conducted to determine the number and national estimates of current users, knowledge and perceptions on certain drug-related concerns, and patterns and consequences of drug use.

A total of 12,000 individuals served as respondents of the study. They are taken from 1,000 households with three household members belonging to the age brackets of 10-19, 20-29, and 30-44 years from NCR, Luzon, Visayas and Mindanao.

Findings:

    • Out of the 12,000 respondents who were interviewed, 22.96% admitted to have tried drugs once in their lifetime (lifetime prevalent users). 13.94% are current users (those who were taking drugs for the last six months prior to and at the time of the interview).
    • Pushers (42.98%) and peers (33.35%) were mentioned by current users as their source of drugs.
    • Most drug users (54.03%) reside in NCR. The distribution of current users in other regions is as follows: Region 7 (16.92%); Region 8 (9.56%); Region 9 (8.49%); CARAGA (5.08%); Region 4 (3.05%); Region 2 (2.63%); CAR (0.24%).
    • Social/peer related reasons (25.76%) are the most common cause for continued drug use, followed by substance abuse factors (20.80%), easy availability of drugs/popularity of drug abuse; and family related problems (14.52%).
    • Methamphetamine Hydrochloride (73.82%) is the top drug of choice among the current users, followed by inhalants (26%) and Marijuana (24.69%).
    • Based on the survey results, it was estimated that for Filipinos aged 10-44 years old, there were about 6,765,773* million current users. (*Based on the 2004 NSO Projection Population of 46,529,211 among 10-44 years old).

A Pilot Study on Nalbuphine Hydrocholoride (Nubain) Abuse in Cebu City and Metro Manila

The study sought to determine the extent of Nalbuphine Hydrocholoride abuse in Cebu City and ascertain the possibility of the spillover effect of its abuse, if there is, in Metro Manila and to find out the reasons why it is popular in some areas.

The primary sources of data are self-confessed Nubain users (N=116) confined in the different rehabilitation centers in Cebu City and one in Metro Manila during the project period. Law enforcement officials and the heads of rehabilitation centers under study served as secondary sources of data. The documentary analysis of existing information on Nubain abuse was also utilized.

Findings:

    • The profile of Nubain abusers did not differ from that of a typical drug abuser.
    • The Nalbuphine Hydrochloride abusers were identified to be primarily from Cebu City only. Those interviewed in Manila were found to have abused the drug in Cebu also.
    • The availability of Nalbuphine Hydrochloride and the relatively easy means of retailing it in Cebu added up to its being endemic in the area.
    • Nalbuphine Hydrochloride abusers were at risk of contracting contagious diseases because of the unhealthy practice of needle sharing.

Factors Contributory to Drug User’s Refusal to Submit for Rehabilitation: A First Approximation

The study aimed to identify the reasons/factors why drug users refuse to be rehabilitated. The primary respondents (N=100) are identified drug users but had no previous history of admission to a treatment facility for their drug problem. However, due to the limitations encountered in the course of this study, first timers and newly admitted clients in two rehabilitation centers were also considered. Secondary respondents (N=100) were also taken and are composed mainly of their immediate families, nearest relatives, and/or closest friends to validate/confirm their responses.

Findings:

    • Findings revealed that most of the primary respondents (21%) could not afford to undergo rehabilitation due to financial constraints or poverty. Many of the families of these users are jobless and are in need of financial assistance.
    • Another major factor for their refusal to undergo rehabilitation is that they are afraid because they have no idea about what treatment and rehabilitation is (21%). They have the negative impression that patients are physically harmed inside the center.
    • Others claimed that they could control their drug taking behavior (20%) while there are those who do not really want to change or stop their vice (12%). This is a manifestation of the “denial” syndrome that characterized drug dependents. They refuse to believe that they are sick and are in need of professional help. They maintain their resistance to get rid of the drug habit and this served as a major obstacle in any attempt at treatment and rehabilitation.