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DOST joins DDB, other government agencies in the implementation of PADS

The Dangerous Drugs Board (DDB) led the institutionalization of the Philippine Anti-Illegal Drugs Strategy to the Department of Science and Technology (DOST) through the Orientation-Workshop for DOST Central Office, Regional Offices, and Attached Agencies.

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PHILIPPINES TO ASSUME AS CHAIR OF THE TREATMENT AND REHABILITATION CLUSTER OF THE ASEAN SENIOR OFFICIALS ON DRUG MATTERS

In Photo: The Philippines officially accepts the chairmanship of the Treatment and Rehabilitation Cluster of the ASEAN Senior Officials on Drug Matters from Director General Dato’ Sri Zulkifli Bin Abdullah of the National Anti-Drugs Agency of Malaysia.

Senior officials from the Dangerous Drugs Board (DDB) and the Philippine Drug Enforcement Agency (PDEA) are in Siem Reap, Cambodia for the 40th Meeting of ASEAN Senior Officials on Drug Matters (ASOD). The annual high-level discussion provides a platform for significant international and regional cooperation highlighting important aspects of the ASEAN Work Plan in Securing Communities Against Illicit Drugs. Concerns range from Law Enforcement, Preventive Education, Alternative Development, Treatment and Rehabilitation to Research.

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DDB convenes SK Federation Presidents in General Santos City

After the passage of the SK Reform Law, the Dangerous Drugs Board puts premium to drug abuse prevention education as a way of strengthening the commitment of the Sangguniang Kabataan in President Rodrigo Roa Duterte’s campaign against illegal drugs.

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DDB Statement on the adoption of Iceland’s Resolution at the United Nations Human Rights Council

The Dangerous Drugs Board (DDB) expresses its dismay at the ill-informed action of the United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) to proceed with its preliminary investigation on the violations which have purportedly been committed by the Government of the Republic of the Philippines in the course of its campaign against illegal drugs.

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DDB recognizes secondary schools with outstanding anti-drug program for the youth

The Dangerous Drugs Board (DDB) holds an awarding ceremony to recognize winners of the Search for Outstanding Barkada Kontra Droga (BKD) implementers in secondary schools today, July 12, at Richmonde Hotel, Ortigas City.

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DDB statement on the UN Resolution to investigate alleged “drug killings” in the Philippines

The Dangerous Drugs Board denounces the draft resolution filed by Iceland at the United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHCR) to investigate drug-related killings in the Philippines.

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DDB includes plants that are sources of drugs, and GBL in the list of dangerous drugs

The Dangerous Drugs Board (DDB) has updated the list of dangerous drugs during its 184th regular meeting last Thursday, June 27, at the DDB headquarters.

Presided by DDB Chairman Secretary Catalino Cuy, Board Members agreed to include plants that contain or are sources of substances listed in the 1961 Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs, 1971 Single Convention on Psychotropic Substances and those classified by the Board as dangerous drugs.

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DDB, other government agencies, kicks off IDADAIT celebration in Bataan

About 3,000 youth anti-drug advocates joined the kickoff celebration of the International Day Against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking (IDADAIT) in Balanga City, Bataan last Saturday, June 22.

Spearheaded by the Dangerous Drugs Board, Provincial Government of Bataan, and Department of Health Treatment and Rehabilitation Center Bataan, the celebration commenced with an opening program, followed by a fun run, and an anti-drug concert.

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Provincial government of Bataan to host IDADAIT 2019 celebration

The Dangerous Drugs Board (DDB) in partnership with the provincial government of Bataan, gears up for the national celebration of the International Day Against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking (IDADAIT) on June 22, in Balanga City, Bataan.

With the theme “Katarungan para sa Kalusugan, Kalusugan para sa Katarungan,” the DDB and the provincial government of Bataan enlist the participation of youth and young professionals, including barangay anti-drug abuse councils, Non-Government Organizations and other government agencies in cultivating a healthy and drug-free lifestyle.
 
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PROFILE OF DRUG ABUSERS
(Facility based)
CY 2004

AGE : Mean age of 29 years
SEX : Ratio of male to female 9:1
CIVIL STATUS : Single 53.15%
FAMILY SIZE : Three (3) to four (4) siblings
OCCUPATION : Unemployed 38%
Workers / Employees 29.53%
EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT : High School level 28.93%
ECONOMIC STATUS:Average monthly family income P13,553.36
PLACE OF RESIDENCE : Urban (specifically NCR)
DURATION OF DRUG TAKING : More than six (6) years
NATURE OF DRUG – TAKING : Poly drug use
DRUGS OF ABUSE : Methamphetamine Hydrochloride (Shabu)
                                 Cannabis (Marijuana)
                                 Cough/Cold Preparations
                                 Benzodiazepines
                                 Inhalants

*Residential and Out-Patient Facility

DEMOGRAPHIC CHARACTERISTICS

       For the year 2004, the reported cases were predominantly male with a ratio of 9:1. Most of them are single (53.15%) while the rest are either married (32.26%); with live-in partners (7.57%), or were separated (5.94%).

       The highest percent distribution of center clients is steady within the age groups 25-29 and 20-24, with 21.50% and 19.70%, respectively. The mean or average age is 29 years old.

REPORTED CASES BY GENDER
(Facility - Based)
CY 2004

                                                   MALE             FEMALE       GRAND TOTAL
TYPE OF ADMISSION NO. % NO. % NO. %
NEW ADMISSIONS 4,196 72.51 484 8.36 4,680 80.87
READMISSIONS 840 14.52 47 0.81 887 15.33
OUT - PATIENT 189 3.27 31 0.54 220 3.80
T O T A L 5,225 90.29 562 9.71 5,787 100.00

* Total reported cases from residential and out-patient facilities


STATISTICS ON DRUG ABUSE

The Integrated Central Case Registry and Monitoring System (ICCRMS)

       Year-end submissions for 2004 received from 53 residential and 1 outpatient facilities reporting with the DDB revealed a total of 5,787 cases for the year to include 4,680 (80.87%) new admissions, 887 admissions, relapse and outpatient cases as compared to the figures of 2003. This may be attributable to the high cost of treatment in private rehabilitation centers, which may have served as a deterrent for drug dependents to seek the appropriate intervention.

       The region with the most number of cases of 2004 is the NCR with 51.46%. Regions IV-A (16.81%), III (16.54%), VII (4.94%), and XI (3.75%) follow to complete the first five ranking. The least number of cases come from the ARMM with only .03%.

       As to educational attainment, those who were in the high school level has the highest percent distribution with 28.93% followed closely by those in the college level with 27.91% while 16.76% were clients who have graduated in high school before they sought treatment and rehabilitation.

       With regard to the classification of patients, 38% of the total cases were employed, 29.53% were workers, 8.92% were either businessmen or self-employed, 5.37% were students, and .79% were out-of-school youth prior to their admission for treatment.

       Of the total workers’/employees’ group of 1,709, the unskilled workers (those who are untrained or inexperienced like the bet takers, baggers, barkers, etc.) ranked first with 39.20%. Following closely are the semi-skilled ones (those who require less training and exercise less independent judgment such as the service crews, tailors, drivers, and others who operate machines) with 37.39%. The professionals comprised 17.50% while the skilled workers (those who have been trained or are experts in a particular occupation like the technicians, chefs, etc.) represented 5.91%.

       The average family monthly income of the center clients rose to ₱13,553.36 from the previous year’s ₱12,358.48.

       84.45% of the total cases abused Shabu, Marijuana (31.73%); cough/cold preparations (3.73%); benzodiazephines (3.72%) inhalants (3.28%); Ecstasy (1.43%); Cocaine (1.26%); Nalbuphine Hydrochloride (.81%); opium (.90%); Psilocybin (.19%); Mescaline (.10%); and Datura or “Talampunay” (.07%).

MOST COMMONLY USED DRUGS/SUBSTANCES
(Facility Based)*
2004

DRUGS USED / ABUSED NEW ADMISSIONS RE-ADMISSIONS OUT-PATIENT GRAND TOTAL % based on the total number of responses (7,703) % based on the total number of admissions (5,787)
1. SHABU (STIMULANT) 3,929 807 151 4,887 63.44 84.45
2. MARIJUANA (CANNABIS) 1,395 289 152 1,836 23.83 31.73
3. COUGH / COLD PREPARATIONS 157 59   216 2.80 3.73
4. BENZODIAZEPINES 138 77   215 2.79 3.72
5. INHALANTS 161 14 15 190 2.47 3.28
6. ECSTASY (STIMULANT) 70 13   83 1.08 1.43
7. COCAINE (STIMULANT) 51 22   73 0.95 1.26
8. OPIUM (MORPHINE / HEROIN) 27 25   52 0.68 0.90
9. NUBAIN (NARCOTIC / ANALGESIC) 25 22   47 0.61 0.81
10. PSILOCYBIN (MAGIC MUSHROOM) 8 3   11 0.14 0.19
11. MESCALINE (HALLUCINOGEN) 5 1   6 0.08 0.10
12. DATURA (TALAMPUNAY) 4     4 0.05 0.07
OTHER DRUGS 62 23   83 1.08 1.43
TOTAL       7,703 100.00  

        Methamphetamine Hydrochloride, commonly known as Shabu, remains as the no. 1 drug of abuse with 4,887 cases (63.43%). Marijuana is in No. 2 with 1,836 cases (23.83%) while in the third position are the cough/cold preparations having 216 cases (2.80%). Benzodiazepines were also commonly used by 215 (2.79%). Inhalants came in at fifth with 190 (2.47%) cases while Ecstasy ranks sixth with 83 (1.08%) cases.

       The routes of administration are that of inhalation or sniffing and oral ingestion.

PROFILE OF DRUG ABUSERS
(Facility based)
CY 2005

AGE : Mean age of 29 years
SEX : Ratio of male to female 10:1
CIVIL STATUS : Single 54.40%
FAMILY SIZE : Three (3) to four (4) siblings
OCCUPATION : Unemployed 38.19%
EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT : High School level 27.58%
ECONOMIC STATUS:Average monthly family income P13,063.13
PLACE OF RESIDENCE : Urban (specifically NCR)
DURATION OF DRUG TAKING : More than six (6) years
NATURE OF DRUG – TAKING : Poly drug use
DRUGS OF ABUSE : Methamphetamine Hydrochloride (Shabu)
                                 Cannabis (Marijuana)
                                 Inhalants

*Residential and Out-Patient Facility


NUMBER OF REPORTED CASES BY GENDER
(Facility - Based)
CY 2006

                                                   MALE             FEMALE       GRAND TOTAL
TYPE OF ADMISSION NO. % NO. % NO. %
NEW ADMISSIONS 3,858 71.74 366 73.94 4,224 71.62
READMISSIONS 765 14.22 34 6.87 799 13.60
OUT - PATIENT 755 14.03 95 19.19 850 14.47
T O T A L 5,378 91.57 495 8.43 5,873 100.00

 


STATISTICS ON DRUG ABUSE

FACILITY-BASED ADMISSIONS

       For the year 2005, the reporting centers totaled to 55 residential and 3 outpatient facilities, registering an additional 2 residential and another 2 out-patient centers, as compared to those of 2004.

       A total of 5,873 cases were recorded, broken down as 5,023 cases (86%) from the residential facilities and 850 cases (14%) from the outpatient centers.  Out of the total residential cases, 4,224 (84%) were newly admitted while the remaining 799 (16%) were re-admitted cases.  As compared to the figures of 2004, it was noted that there was an increase of 3.55% in the new admissions while there was a 9.92% decline in relapse cases. A significant rise, though, was observed in the out-patient cases from the 2004 figure of 220 to 2005’s total of 850.

       The National Capital Region (NCR) had the highest percent distribution of cases with 3,330 (or 56.70%) of the total national admissions.  Regions IV-A and III followed with 15.21% and 13.18% admissions, respectively.

       Center admissions were predominantly male with a ratio of 10:1.  Single clients comprised 54.40%; married (30.05%); with live-in partners (9.38%); and separated (4.5%).  As to educational attainment, high school level had the highest percent distribution with 27.58%

    Most of these clients were unemployed (38.19%) prior to admission.  For those who were previously employed before undergoing rehabilitation, 32.93% were workers/ employees while 7.59% were self-employed/businessman.  The average monthly family income of these Center clients is 13,063.13

MOST COMMONLY USED/ABUSED DRUGS/SUBSTANCE
(Facility Based)
CY 2005

DRUGS USED / ABUSED

NEW ADMISSIONS
No.          %

RE-ADMISSIONS
No.          %
OUT-PATIENT
No.          %
GRAND TOTAL
No.          %
1. SHABU (STIMULANT) 3,492 59.46 716 12.19 570 9.71 4,778 81.36
2. MARIJUANA (CANNABIS) 1,178 20.06 324 5.52 474 8.07 1,976 33.65
3. INHALANTS 200 3.41 23 0.39 60 1.02 283 4.82
4. BENZODIAZEPINES 123 2.09 70 1.19 5 0.09 198 3.37
5. COUGH / COLD PREPARATIONS 85 1.45 59 1.00 5 0.09 149 2.54
6. ECSTASY (STIMULANT) 68 1.16 25 0.43 3 0.05 96 1.63
7. COCAINE (STIMULANT) 46 0.78 22 0.37 2 0.03 70 1.19
8. NUBAIN (NARCOTIC / ANALGESIC) 33 0.56 25 0.43 1 0.02 59 1.00
9. OPIUM (MORPHINE / HEROIN) 16 0.27 11 0.19 1 0.02 28 0.48
10. KETAMINE (NARCOTIC / ANALGESIC) 12 0.20 6 0.10   0.00 18 0.31
OTHER DRUGS 7 0.12 1 0.02   0.00 8 0.14

* Total Reported Cases from Residential and Out-Patient Facilities

MOST COMMONLY ABUSED DRUGS

       Filipino drug abusers, being multiple abusers, take drugs in combination with other similarly intoxicating substances.

       For 2005, Methamphetamine Hydrochloride or Shabu, remained as the top drug of choice and was abused by 81.36% (4,778) of clients recorded.  Marijuana was second with 1,976 cases (33.65%) while inhalants placed 3 abused were benzodiazepines (3.37%), cough/cold preparations (2.54%), and Ecstasy (1.63%).

       These drugs were commonly taken through inhalation or sniffing and by oral administration.

PROFILE OF DRUG ABUSERS
(Facility based)
CY 2006

AGE : Mean age of 28 years
SEX : Ratio of male to female 9:1
CIVIL STATUS : Single 57.77%
OCCUPATION : Unemployed 35.81%
EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT : High School level 29.79%
ECONOMIC STATUS:Average monthly family income P13,706.43
PLACE OF RESIDENCE : Urban (specifically NCR 58.32%)
DURATION OF DRUG TAKING : More than six (6) years
NATURE OF DRUG – TAKING : Poly drug use**
DRUGS OF ABUSE : Methamphetamine Hydrochloride (Shabu)
                                 Cannabis (Marijuana)
                                 Inhalants (Contact Cement  Ex.: Rugby)

*Residential and Out-Patient Facility

** Poly drug users – abuse drugs one after the other or in combination with other intoxicating substances.


THE DEMOGRAPHIC CHARACTERISTICS OF FACILITY-BASED CLIENTS FOR 2006

       There were more males than females in the centers’ population; the ratio is 9:1.  Most of the admitted cases, 889 (18.90% were in the age group of 25 to 29 years old.  The average or mean age is 28 years old; the youngest is 6 years old (from an outpatient facility) while the oldest is 73 years old (from a residential facility). The initial drug use, as claimed by the clients, happened between ages 15 to 19 years old. It was also noted that the duration of drug taking prior to admission is six years and above.

       More than half or 57.77% (2,717) of the total admission were single; 25.77% (1,212) were married; 10.91% (513) have live-in partners, and 4.25% (200) were separated.  Of the 4,703 cases, 35.81% (1,684) were unemployed.  For those who were employed, 34.42% (1,619) were workers, and 9.74% (458) were self-employed/ businessmen, prior to admission.

       Urban areas had the highest percentage of cases specifically the NCR with 58.32% (2,743), followed by Region IV-A, 11.67% (549).  The distribution of cases can be seen below:

       As to educational attainment, most of the clients reached high school level (29.79%) while others have college education (25.11%).

       The average monthly family income is 13,706.43.  The lowest monthly income is reported to be 300.  The most popular source of drugs is friends/peers (50.56%) and pushers (33.64%).

 

NUMBER OF REPORTED CASES BY GENDER
(Facility - Based)
CY 2006

                                                   MALE             FEMALE       GRAND TOTAL
TYPE OF ADMISSION NO. % NO. % NO. %
NEW ADMISSIONS 2,759 58.66 309 6.57 3,068 65.23
READMISSIONS 565 12.01 31 0.66 596 12.67
OUT - PATIENT 901 19.16 138 2.93 1,039 22.09
T O T A L 4,225 89.84 478 10.16 4,703 100.00

*  Total Reported Cases from Residential and Out-Patient Facilities

 

MOST COMMONLY USED/ ABUSED DRUGS
(Facility Based)
CY 2006

DRUGS USED / ABUSED NEW ADMISSIONS RE-ADMISSIONS OUT-PATIENT GRAND TOTAL % based on the total number of responses % based on the total number of admissions
1. Methamphetamine Hydrochloride 2,219 523 514 3,256 52.23 69.23
2. Cannabis (Marijuana) 1,057 229 521 1,807 28.99 38.42
3. Inhalants (Contact Cement Ex.: Rugby) 288 32 243 563 9.03 11.97
4. Benzodiazepines 102 64 7 173 2.78 3.68
5. Cough / Cold Preparations 97 30 1 128 2.05 2.72
6. MDMA (Ecstasy) 53 16 2 71 1.14 1.51
7. Nalbuphine Hydrochloride (Nubain) 21 8   29 0.47 0.62
8. Psilocybin (Magic Mushroom) 15 8   23 0.37 0.49
9. Solvent 6 3 7 16 0.26 0.34
10. Ketamine 10 5   15 0.24 0.32

*  Total Reported Cases from Residential and Out-Patient Facilities

       Drug abusers remain to be poly drugs users as indicated by their most commonly abused drugs which are Methamphetamine hydrochloride (shabu), 69.23% and cannabis (marijuana), 38.42%.  Abuse of contact cement (ex. Rugby) is also reported at 11.97%.

       Others preferred Benzodiazepines, 3.68% and cough/cold preparations, 2.72%.  The common route/mode of use is still inhalation/sniffing and oral ingestion.

PROFILE OF DRUG ABUSERS
(Facility based)
CY 2007

AGE : Mean age of 28 years
SEX : Ratio of male to female 9:1
CIVIL STATUS : Single 56.94%
OCCUPATION : Unemployed 32.82%
EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT : High School level 30.62%
ECONOMIC STATUS:Average monthly family income P14,980.59
PLACE OF RESIDENCE : Urban (specifically NCR)
DURATION OF DRUG TAKING : More than six (6) years
NATURE OF DRUG – TAKING : Poly drug use**
DRUGS OF ABUSE : Methamphetamine Hydrochloride (Shabu)
                                 Cannabis (Marijuana)
                                 Inhalants (Contact Cement Adhesive)

*Residential and Out-Patient Facilities

**Poly drug users -  abuse of more than one (1) drug


DEMOGRAPHIC CHARACTERISTICS

For 2007, more males were admitted in most centers nationwide, with male-female ratio 9:1. As to age, the youngest is 9 years old, the oldest 74, the average or mean age, 28 years old. Highest percent distributions of clients fall under the age bracket of 25 to 29 and 15 to 19 years old, with 19.03 percent and 18.02 percent admission, respectively.

More than half, 56.94 percent, of the center clients were married while 24.33 percent were single. It was also noted that there were 10.94 percent who have live-in partners while 6.55 percent were separated prior to their rehabilitation.

As regards to highest educational attainment prior to their confinement to the centers, 32.62 percent (1,310) of the patients have reached high school level and 27.63 percent (1,182), college level.

With regard to their status prior to rehabilitation, of the 4,278 clients 32.82 percent were unemployed, while 24.54 percent were workers, either skilled or unskilled.

The average monthly income is Php 14,980.59

 

NUMBER OF REPORTED CASES BY GENDER
(Facility - Based)
CY 2007

                                                   MALE             FEMALE       GRAND TOTAL
TYPE OF ADMISSION NO. % NO. % NO. %
NEW ADMISSIONS 2,555 59.72 284 6.64 2,839 66.36
READMISSIONS 571 13.35 46 1.08 617 14.42
OUT - PATIENT 741 17.32 81 1.89 822 19.21
T O T A L 3,867 90.39 411 9.61 4,278 100.00

* Total Reported Cases from Residential and Out-Patient Facilities

 

ADMISSIONS FROM VARIOUS RESIDENTIAL AND OUTPATIENT CENTERS NATIONWIDE

For 2007, a total of 4,278 cases were admitted in 55 residential and 3 out-patient centers nationwide. Of this, 3,456 clients were admitted in the treatment facilities while 822 were from outpatient centers. In a residential treatment facility, patients are required to stay for a minimum of six months to a maximum of one year, either on a voluntary or compulsory confinement basis. In an out-patient facility, dependents are diagnosed for their drug-taking behavior and required to report for treatment on a regular basis for a certain period of time.

As compared to 2006, a 9.04 percent decrease rate was observed in admission of clients. The decrease in admission may be brought about by the closure of some centers due to failure to comply with requirements or to apply for accreditation to the  DOH. Another reason for the decrease may be attributed to the relentless efforts on the demand and supply reduction campaign of the government

Of those (3,456) in the residential facilities, 2,839 or 82.14 percent were new admissions while 617 or 17.85 percent were relapsed or readmitted cases.

 

 

MOST COMMONLY USED/ ABUSED DRUGS
(Facility Based)
CY 2007

DRUGS USED / ABUSED NEW ADMISSIONS RE-ADMISSIONS OUT-PATIENT GRAND TOTAL % based on the total number of responses (5,673) % based on the total number of admissions (4,278)
1. Methamphetamine Hydrochloride(Shabu) 2,035 527 451 3,013 53.11 70.43
2. Cannabis (Marijuana) 1,162 259 435 1,856 32.72 43.38
3. Inhalants (Contact Cement Ex.: Rugby) 189 27 141 357 6.29 8.35
4. Benzodiazepines 116 37 1 154 2.71 3.60
5. Cough / Cold Preparations 51 20 1 72 1.27 1.68
6. MDMA (Ecstasy) 47 15 4 66 1.16 1.54
7. Nalbuphine Hydrochloride (Nubain) 27 18   45 0.79 1.05
8. Ketamine 16 10   26 0.46 0.61
9. Solvent 14     14 0.25 0.33
10. Psilocybin (Katsubong, Magic Mushroom) 8 4   12 0.21 0.28

* Total Reported Cases from Residential and Out-Patient Facilities