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Statistical Analysis
CY 2019

A total of fifty-five (55) treatment and rehabilitation facilities reported to the Treatment and Rehabilitation Admission Information System (TRAIS). Of this, fifty-three (53) are residential and two (2) are outpatient.

From the facilities reporting, a total of five thousand two hundred twenty-seven (5,227) admissions were recorded. Five thousand one hundred nineteen (5,119) of this are new cases, twenty-two (22) are readmitted cases and eighty-six (86) have undergone treatment in an outpatient facility.

A slight decrease of 4.04% (220) in admission as compared to previous year was noted. This could be largely attributable to the community-based drug rehabilitation program (CBDRP) wherein those diagnosed as low to moderate risk need not enter treatment and rehabilitation program in a facility. Instead they are enrolled and given appropriate intervention through the CBDRP.

In 2019, an increase in the admission of plea bargaining of 1,991 as compared to 1,356 from previous year was reported, while voluntary submission with court order has declined by 13.24%. The percent decrease in voluntary submission with court order could be attributed to the individuals who opted to voluntarily surrender to the community and result of assessment shows that more drug users need only intervention through the CBDRP.

Demographic profile

Eighty-nine percent (89.02%) of the 2019 admission cases are males, around eleven percent (10.46%) females, and an insignificant percentage among them are LGBT (0.52%). The ratio of male to female is 9:1, with a mean age of 32 and a median of 33 years old. The youngest is 7 while the eldest is 68 years old. The highest percentage belongs to age group of 40 years old and above with twenty-seven percent (27.13%).

Almost half (49.28%) of the total admitted cases are single while twenty-six percent (25.54%) are married. Those who have live-in partners reached twenty-one percent (21.10%), and the rest are either widow/er, separated, divorced and annulled (4.07%).

As to educational attainment, twenty-eight percent (27.99%) of the center clients have attained high school level, followed by those who have graduated in high school (19.11%) and those who have reached college level at nineteen percent (18.71%).

The average monthly family income, as reported by the clients, is more than thirteen thousand pesos (Php 13,695.65).

With regard to the status of employment, those employed (either workers/employees or businessman and self-employed) comprised fifty-five percent (55.31%) while those unemployed totaled to thirty-nine percent (39.45%). Around five percent (5.20%) of clients are students (3.65%) while 1.55% are out-of-school youth. However, a few (0.04%) did not disclose their status of employment.

About thirty-two percent (32.41%) of the reported cases are residing in the National Capital Region prior to confinement, while almost fifteen percent (14.92%) are residents of Region 4-A or CALABARZON.

As regards to the age when client first tried drugs, thirty-eight percent (38.21%) belong to the age bracket of 15 to 19 years old. Forty-four percent (43.85%) claimed that they have taken drugs 2 to 5 times a week while around twenty-one percent (20.55%) on a weekly basis.

Most Commonly Abused Drugs

Methamphetamine Hydrochloride, commonly known as “Shabu” remains to be the main drug of abuse comprising ninety-four percent (93.72%) of the total admission. This is followed by Cannabis (Marijuana) at twenty-three percent (22.59%), and Contact Cement (Rugby) with less than one percent (0.73%). Mono drug use is still the nature of drug taking and the routes of administration are inhalation/sniffing and oral ingestion.

 

REPORTED CASES BY TYPE OF ADMISSION AND GENDER
(Facility Based)*
CY 2019
 
TYPE OF ADMISSION MALE FEMALE LGBT GRAND TOTAL
No. % No. % No. % No. %
NEW ADMISSION 4,557 87.18 535 10.24 27 0.52 5,119 97.93
RE-ADMISSION 21 0.40 1 0.02 - - 22 0.42
OUT-PATIENT 75 1.43 11 0.21 - - 86 1.65
TOTAL 4,653 89.02 547 10.46 27 0.52 5,227 100.00

* Total Reported Cases from Residential and Out-Patient Facilities

 

PROFILE OF DRUG ABUSERS
(Facility Based)
CY 2019

• AGE : Mean age of 32 years old; Median of 33 years
• SEX : Ratio of Male to Female 9:1
• CIVIL STATUS : Single (49.28%)
• STATUS OF EMPLOYMENT : Employed (55.31%)
• EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT : High School Level (27.99%)
• ECONOMIC STATUS : Average Family Income Php 13,695.65
• PLACE OF RESIDENCE : Urban (Specifically NCR 32.41%)
• DURATION OF DRUG USE : More than six (6) years
• NATURE OF DRUG TAKING : Mono drug use (abuse of 1 drug only)
• DRUGS/SUBSTANCES OF ABUSE :
Methamphetamine Hydrochloride (Shabu)
Cannabis (Marijuana)
Contact Cement (Rugby)

 

Profile of Drug Users

For the year 2018, fifty-four (54) treatment and rehabilitation facilities reported to the Treatment and Rehabilitation Information System (TRAIS). Of this, fifty-one (51) facilities are residential and three (3) are outpatient.

From the facilities reporting, a total of five thousand, four hundred forty-seven (5,447) admissions were recorded. Five thousand, one hundred eighty-eight (5,188) of this are new cases, one hundred seventy-one (171) are relapsed or readmitted cases and eighty-eight (88) have sought treatment in an out-patient facility.

A significant increase in admission (34.66%) as compared to previous year was observed. The continuous and relentless efforts of law enforcement and immediate response of local government units in the all-out campaign to eradicate the drug problem, assisting identified individuals with problems on drug use to avail treatment and rehabilitation programs, and the plea bargaining agreement which comprise almost twenty-five percent (24.89%) of the admissions, may have contributed to the increase.

 

PROFILE OF DRUG ABUSERS
(Facility Based)
CY 2018

• AGE : Mean age of 32 years old
• SEX : Ratio of Male to Female (9:1)
• CIVIL STATUS : Single (51.20%)
• STATUS OF EMPLOYMENT : Unemployed (50.06%)
• EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT : High School Level (28.14%)
• ECONOMIC STATUS : Average Family Income Php 11,265.10
• PLACE OF RESIDENCE : Urban (specifically NCR (4.81%)
• DURATION OF DRUG USE : More than six (6) years
• NATURE OF DRUG TAKING : Mono drug use (abuse of 1 drug only)
• DRUGS/SUBSTANCES OF ABUSE :
Methamphetamine Hydrochloride (Shabu)
Cannabis (Marijuana)
Contact Cement (Rugby)

 

 

REPORTED CASES BY TYPE OF ADMISSION AND SEX
(Facility Based)*
CY 2017
 
TYPE OF ADMISSION MALE FEMALE GRAND TOTAL
No. % No.  % No. %
NEW ADMISSION 2,951 72.95 305 7.54 3,256 80.49
RE-ADMISSION 581 14.36 52 1.29 633 15.65
OUT-PATIENT 149 3.68 7 0.17 156 3.86
TOTAL 3,681 91.00 364 9.00 4,045 100.00

* Total Reported Cases from Residential and Out-Patient Facilities

 

PROFILE OF DRUG ABUSERS
(Facility Based)*
CY 2017

• AGE : Mean age of 31 years
• SEX : Ratio of male and female 10:1
• CIVIL STATUS : Single 53.52%
• STATUS OF EMPLOYMENT : Unemployed 45.96%
• EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT : High School Level 27.32%
• ECONOMIC STATUS : Average Monthly Family Income Php 12,337.57
• PLACE OF RESIDENCE : Urban (Specifically NCR 43.31%)
• DURATION OF DRUG USE : More than 6 years
• NATURE OF DRUG TAKING : Mono drug use**
• DRUGS/SUBSTANCES OF ABUSE :
Methamphetamine Hydrochloride (Shabu)
Cannabis (Marijuana)
Contact Cement (Rugby)
*Residential and Out-Patient Facilities
**Mono drug users - abuse of one (1) drug only

 

 

REPORTED CASES BY TYPE OF ADMISSION AND SEX
(Facility Based)*
CY 2016
 
TYPE OF ADMISSION MALE FEMALE GRAND TOTAL
No. % No.  % No. %
NEW ADMISSION 4,337 71.34 351 5.77 4,688 77.12
RE-ADMISSION 1,064 17.50 62 1.02 1,126 18.52
OUT-PATIENT 247 4.06 18 0.30 265 4.36
TOTAL 5,648 92.91 431 7.09 6,079 100.00

* Total Reported Cases from Residential and Out-Patient Facilities

 

PROFILE OF DRUG ABUSERS
(Facility Based)*
CY 2016

• AGE : Mean age of 31 years
• SEX : Ratio of male and female 13:1
• CIVIL STATUS : Single 48.96%
• STATUS OF EMPLOYMENT : Unemployed 44.69%
• EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT : College Level 27.14%
• ECONOMIC STATUS : Average Monthly Family Income Php 13,937.65
• PLACE OF RESIDENCE : Urban (Specifically NCR 42.41%)
• DURATION OF DRUG USE : More than 6 years
• NATURE OF DRUG TAKING : Mono drug use**
• DRUGS/SUBSTANCES OF ABUSE :
Methamphetamine Hydrochloride (Shabu)
Cannabis (Marijuana)
MDMA (Ecstasy)
*Residential and Out-Patient Facilities
**Mono drug users - abuse of one (1) drug only

 

 

REPORTED CASES BY TYPE OF ADMISSION AND GENDER
(Facility Based)*
CY 2015
 
TYPE OF ADMISSION MALE FEMALE GRAND TOTAL
No. % No.  % No. %
NEW ADMISSION 4,010 74.23 315 5.83 4,325 80.06
RE-ADMISSION 1,031 19.09 46 0.85 1,077 19.94
TOTAL 5,041 93.32 361 6.68 5,402 100.00

* Total Reported Cases from Residential Facilities

 

PROFILE OF DRUG ABUSERS
(Facility Based)*
CY 2015

• AGE : Mean age of 31 years
• SEX : Ratio of male and female 14:1
• CIVIL STATUS : Single 49.13%
• STATUS OF EMPLOYMENT : Unemployed 53.20%
• EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT : College Level 28.34%
• ECONOMIC STATUS : Average Monthly Family Income Php 10,172.00
• PLACE OF RESIDENCE : Urban (specifically NCR 43.89%)
• DURATION OF DRUG – TAKING : More than six (6) years
• NATURE OF DRUG – TAKING : Poly drug use**
• DRUGS/SUBSTANCES OF ABUSE :
Methamphetamine Hydrochloride (Shabu)
Cannabis (Marijuana)
Cocaine
*Residential Facilities
**Poly drug users – abuse of more than one (1) drug

 

STATISTICAL ANALYSIS
CY 2015

A total of five thousand four hundred-two (5,402) admissions are reported by the different facilities nationwide. Of this number, four thousand three hundred twenty-five (4,325) are new admissions, one thousand seventy-seven (1,077) are relapsed or re-admitted cases from either the same or different facilities. There are, however, no reported out-patient cases for this year. These are based from the reports submitted by thirty-one (31) residential facilities nationwide.

An increase of thirty percent (29.86%) admission compared from the previous year was noted which may be brought about by the following: Intensified advocacy program of the government to convince families to love and support those who have drug problems and need to undergo treatment and rehabilitation; the continuous improvement of treatment and rehabilitation programs, methodologies, facilities and service; and conduct of In- house seminars and dialogues to better serve those who need interventions.

On the other hand, the intensified operations conducted by the law enforcement that led to the increasing arrests of users for rehabilitation may also be attributed to the increase of admission to the treatment and rehabilitation facilities


Demographic Characteristics

Around ninety-three percent (93.32%) of the admitted cases are males and seven percent (6.68%) are females. The ratio of male to female is 14:1 with a mean age of 31 years old. The youngest is 10 years old while the eldest is 67 years old, and the highest percentage belongs to age group of 30 – 34 years old with one thousand ninety-three cases (1,093) and with an equivalent to twenty percent (20.23%).

Almost half of the total admitted cases are single, with forty-nine percent(49.13%) followed by married with a total percent of thirty-four (34.08), while the rest is almost seventeen percent (16.79%) represents live-in, widow/er, separated and divorced.

Based on the educational attainment, twenty-eight percent (28.34%) of the center clients comprised those who have reached college level, followed by those who reached high school with twenty-three percent (23.12%) and those who have finished high school at eighteen percent (18.35%).

The average monthly family income among center clients is ten thousand one hundred seventy-two pesos (Php10,172.00).

Of the total admission from various treatment facilities, fifty-three percent (53.20%) are unemployed, twenty percent (19.77%) are skilled/unskilled workers, and seven percent (6.94%) are out–of-school youth.

Almost forty-four percent (43.89%) of the reported cases are residing in the National Capital Region (NCR) prior to their rehabilitation, while eighteen percent (18.59%) and seventeen percent (17.27%) come from Region IV-A and Region IV-B respectively.

As to the age when the client first tried to use drugs, around forty-nine percent (48.85%) of the reported cases belong to the age group of 15-19 years old. Almost fifty-nine percent (58.52%) have taken drugs 2 – 5 times a week while twenty-one percent (20.64%) take it on a daily basis.


Most Commonly Abused Drugs

Methamphetamine Hydrochloride (shabu) remains to be the primary drug of abuse among center clients with ninety-seven percent (96.74%) of the total admission, followed by Cannabis (Marijuana) at around twenty-five percent (24.94%) and Cocaine with one percent (1.11%). The nature of drug taking remained to be poly-drug user.

The routes of administration are inhalation/sniffing and oral ingestion.