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Statistical Analysis
CY 2020

For the year 2020, a total of fifty (50) treatment and rehabilitation facilities reported to the Treatment and Rehabilitation Admission Information System (TRAIS). Of this, forty-eight (48) are residential and two (2) are outpatient.

From the facilities reporting, a total of two thousand, three hundred eighty-five (2,385) admissions were recorded. Eighty-one percent (80.50%) of this are new cases, less than one percent (0.84%) are readmitted or relapse cases and around nineteen percent (18.66%) have undergone treatment in an outpatient facility. Though some facilities have reported that they have no admissions for the year.

The pandemic that affected not only the country but the global community has caused a significant decline of more than half or fifty-four percent (54.37%) in admission as compared to the previous year. As part of the protocol and response to the COVID-19 pandemic, the Department of Health issued Department Memorandum No. 2020-0118 dated March 17, 2020 entitled: “Suspension of Admissions and Group Activities in all Drug Abuse Treatment and Rehabilitation Centers, Outpatient Treatment and Rehabilitation Facilities, and Community Based Drug Rehabilitation Centers and Community Based Recovery Clinics and other Guidelines During the Coronavirus Disease 2019 Situation”. With this directive, there were some government drug treatment and rehabilitation centers that were used as COVID-19 facilities and the rests continued to admit clients during the latter part of the year.

Demographic profile

The center admissions comprised of eighty-eight percent (87.84%) males, around twelve percent (11.78%)% females, and less than one percent (0.38%) of LGBT. The ratio of male to female is 7:1 with a computed mean and median of 33 years old. The youngest admission for the year under review is 6 years old while the eldest is 67. The highest percentage belongs to age group of 40 years old and above with twenty-nine percent (28.97%).

Fifty-one percent (50.73%) of the total admitted cases are single and around twenty-six percent (25.79%) are married, followed by those who have live-in partners with eighteen percent (17.95%), and the rest which comprised of about six percent (5.53%) are either widow/er, separated, divorced or annulled.

As to educational attainment, twenty-seven percent (27.25%) of the center clients have attained high school level, followed by those who have reached college (20.96%) and those who have graduated high school (18.03%).

The average monthly family income as reported by the clients is more than fifteen thousand pesos (Php 15,442.94).

With regard to the status of employment, those employed (either workers/employees or businessman and self-employed) comprised sixty-three percent (62.68%) while thirty-one percent (31.32%) unemployed. Four percent (4.49%) of the admission constitute students and one percent (1.17%) out-of-school youth while few (0.25%) did not disclose their status of employment.

Around twenty-three percent (23.02%) of reported cases are resident of the National Capital Region while twenty-one percent (20.67%) from Region XI.

As regards to the age when client first tried drugs, forty-one percent (40.55%) belong to age 15 to 19 years old. Almost thirty-seven percent (36.90%) claimed that they have taken drugs 2 to 5 times a week while twenty-seven percent (26.54%) take it on a monthly basis and sixteen percent (15.93%) on a daily basis.

Most Commonly Abused Drugs

The primary drug of abuse remains to be Methamphetamine Hydrochloride, commonly known as “Shabu” which comprised of eighty-nine percent (89.18%) of the total admission, followed by Cannabis (Marijuana) at twenty-five percent (25.32%). Surprisingly, Codeine Phosphate with one percent (1.47%) appeared to be the third choice of drug. The seemingly preventive response for flu-like symptoms which are common in COVID-19 may be one of the reasons that made this drug among the top three drugs commonly used by center clients during the reporting year.

Mono drug use is still the nature of drug taking and the routes of administration are inhalation/sniffing and oral ingestion.

 

PROFILE OF DRUG ABUSERS
(Facility Based)
CY 2020

• AGE : Mean age of 33 years; Median of 33 years
• SEX : Ratio of Male to Female 7:1
• CIVIL STATUS : Single (50.73%)
• STATUS OF EMPLOYMENT : Employed (62.68%)
• EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT : High School Level (27.25%)
• ECONOMIC STATUS : Average Family Income Php 15,442.94
• PLACE OF RESIDENCE : Urban (Specifically NCR 21.34%)
• DURATION OF DRUG USE : More than six (6) years
• NATURE OF DRUG TAKING : Mono drug use (abuse of 1 drug only)
• DRUGS/SUBSTANCES OF ABUSE :
Methamphetamine Hydrochloride (Shabu)
Cannabis (Marijuana)
Codeine Phosphate (Robitussin)

 

 

Statistical Analysis
CY 2021

For 2021, a total of sixty-three (63) treatment and rehabilitation facilities reported to the Treatment and Rehabilitation Admission Information System (TRAIS). Of this, fifty-eight (58) are residential, and five (5) are outpatient.

As culled from these facilities, two thousand seven hundred eight (2,708) admissions were recorded. Out of this number, two thousand three hundred seventy-two (2,372) were inpatient with 2,344 (86.55%) new cases and 28 (1.03%) readmitted or relapse cases. On the other hand, only 336 cases (12.41%) have availed of outpatient treatment. Some facilities reported no admissions for the year.

Comparing with the cases of the previous year, around fourteen percent (13.54%) increase in admission was noted. The rise in admission can be attributed to the resumption of operation by the different rehabilitation centers and the seeming willingness of the PWUDS to undergo treatment and rehabilitation as evidenced by forty-two percent (41.54%) of voluntary submission cases.

Demographic profile

The center admissions consist of ninety percent (90.47%) males, around nine percent (8.83%) females, and one percent (0.70%) LGBT. The ratio of male to female is 10:1 with a computed mean and median age of 33 years old. The youngest admission for the year under review is 13 years old while the eldest is 66. Majority of the admissions belong to the 40 years old and above age group with twenty-eight percent (28.40%) cases.

Fifty-three percent (53.03%) are single and around twenty-five percent (24.74%) are married, those who have live-in partners comprised seventeen percent (17.43%), and the rest, about five percent (4.80%) are either widow/er, separated, divorced, or annulled.

As to educational attainment, twenty-seven percent (27.33%) have attained high school level. On second spot are those who have reached college (20.13%) followed by those who have graduated high school (16.62%).

The average monthly family income is more than fifteen thousand pesos (Php 15,142.03).

About the status of employment, those employed (either workers/employees or businessman and self-employed) comprised sixty-two percent (62.30%) while unemployed by thirty-two percent (32.05%). Around five percent (4.54%) of the admission constitute students and almost one percent (0.96%) out-of-school youth while few (0.11%) were pensioners.

Twenty percent (20.13%) of reported cases are residents of the National Capital Region while seventeen percent (16.80%) are from Region III.

Regarding the age of first use, (41.25%) belong to age 15 to 19 years old. Almost thirty-seven percent (36.60%) admitted to have taken drugs 2 to 5 times a week while twenty-seven percent (26.77%) used drugs monthly and nineteen percent (18.91%) on a weekly basis.

Most Commonly Abused Drugs

The leading drug of abuse remains to be Methamphetamine Hydrochloride, or “Shabu” which comprised ninety-two percent (91.80%) of the total admission, followed by Cannabis (Marijuana) at twenty-six percent (26.29%). Benzodiazepines is the third drug of choice, and this could be because these are sedative medication used to address anxiety, insomnia, and seizures, including certain Covid 19-related mental health problems. On the other hand “LSD”, which was seen to be an emerging drug in 2020, occupied the 11th rank this reporting year.

Mono drug use is still the nature of drug-taking and the routes of administration are inhalation/sniffing and oral ingestion.

 

PROFILE OF DRUG ABUSERS
(Facility Based)
CY 2021

• AGE : Mean age of 33 years; Median of 33 years
• SEX : Ratio of Male to Female 10:1
• CIVIL STATUS : Single (53.03%)
• STATUS OF EMPLOYMENT : Employed (62.30%) (Worker/Employees, Businessman and Self-Employed)
• EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT : High School Level (27.33%)
• ECONOMIC STATUS : Average Family Income Php 15,142.03
• PLACE OF RESIDENCE : Urban Core (Specifically NCR 20.13%)
• DURATION OF DRUG USE : More than six (6) years
• NATURE OF DRUG TAKING : Mono drug use (abuse of 1 drug only)
• DRUGS/SUBSTANCES OF ABUSE :
Methamphetamine Hydrochloride (Shabu)
Cannabis (Marijuana)
Benzodiazepines (Depressant)

 

 

Profile of Drug Users

For the year 2018, fifty-four (54) treatment and rehabilitation facilities reported to the Treatment and Rehabilitation Information System (TRAIS). Of this, fifty-one (51) facilities are residential and three (3) are outpatient.

From the facilities reporting, a total of five thousand, four hundred forty-seven (5,447) admissions were recorded. Five thousand, one hundred eighty-eight (5,188) of this are new cases, one hundred seventy-one (171) are relapsed or readmitted cases and eighty-eight (88) have sought treatment in an out-patient facility.

A significant increase in admission (34.66%) as compared to previous year was observed. The continuous and relentless efforts of law enforcement and immediate response of local government units in the all-out campaign to eradicate the drug problem, assisting identified individuals with problems on drug use to avail treatment and rehabilitation programs, and the plea bargaining agreement which comprise almost twenty-five percent (24.89%) of the admissions, may have contributed to the increase.

 

PROFILE OF DRUG ABUSERS
(Facility Based)
CY 2018

• AGE : Mean age of 32 years old
• SEX : Ratio of Male to Female (9:1)
• CIVIL STATUS : Single (51.20%)
• STATUS OF EMPLOYMENT : Unemployed (50.06%)
• EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT : High School Level (28.14%)
• ECONOMIC STATUS : Average Family Income Php 11,265.10
• PLACE OF RESIDENCE : Urban (specifically NCR (4.81%)
• DURATION OF DRUG USE : More than six (6) years
• NATURE OF DRUG TAKING : Mono drug use (abuse of 1 drug only)
• DRUGS/SUBSTANCES OF ABUSE :
Methamphetamine Hydrochloride (Shabu)
Cannabis (Marijuana)
Contact Cement (Rugby)

 

Statistical Analysis
CY 2019

A total of fifty-five (55) treatment and rehabilitation facilities reported to the Treatment and Rehabilitation Admission Information System (TRAIS). Of this, fifty-three (53) are residential and two (2) are outpatient.

From the facilities reporting, a total of five thousand two hundred twenty-seven (5,227) admissions were recorded. Five thousand one hundred nineteen (5,119) of this are new cases, twenty-two (22) are readmitted cases and eighty-six (86) have undergone treatment in an outpatient facility.

A slight decrease of 4.04% (220) in admission as compared to previous year was noted. This could be largely attributable to the community-based drug rehabilitation program (CBDRP) wherein those diagnosed as low to moderate risk need not enter treatment and rehabilitation program in a facility. Instead they are enrolled and given appropriate intervention through the CBDRP.

In 2019, an increase in the admission of plea bargaining of 1,991 as compared to 1,356 from previous year was reported, while voluntary submission with court order has declined by 13.24%. The percent decrease in voluntary submission with court order could be attributed to the individuals who opted to voluntarily surrender to the community and result of assessment shows that more drug users need only intervention through the CBDRP.

Demographic profile

Eighty-nine percent (89.02%) of the 2019 admission cases are males, around eleven percent (10.46%) females, and an insignificant percentage among them are LGBT (0.52%). The ratio of male to female is 9:1, with a mean age of 32 and a median of 33 years old. The youngest is 7 while the eldest is 68 years old. The highest percentage belongs to age group of 40 years old and above with twenty-seven percent (27.13%).

Almost half (49.28%) of the total admitted cases are single while twenty-six percent (25.54%) are married. Those who have live-in partners reached twenty-one percent (21.10%), and the rest are either widow/er, separated, divorced and annulled (4.07%).

As to educational attainment, twenty-eight percent (27.99%) of the center clients have attained high school level, followed by those who have graduated in high school (19.11%) and those who have reached college level at nineteen percent (18.71%).

The average monthly family income, as reported by the clients, is more than thirteen thousand pesos (Php 13,695.65).

With regard to the status of employment, those employed (either workers/employees or businessman and self-employed) comprised fifty-five percent (55.31%) while those unemployed totaled to thirty-nine percent (39.45%). Around five percent (5.20%) of clients are students (3.65%) while 1.55% are out-of-school youth. However, a few (0.04%) did not disclose their status of employment.

About thirty-two percent (32.41%) of the reported cases are residing in the National Capital Region prior to confinement, while almost fifteen percent (14.92%) are residents of Region 4-A or CALABARZON.

As regards to the age when client first tried drugs, thirty-eight percent (38.21%) belong to the age bracket of 15 to 19 years old. Forty-four percent (43.85%) claimed that they have taken drugs 2 to 5 times a week while around twenty-one percent (20.55%) on a weekly basis.

Most Commonly Abused Drugs

Methamphetamine Hydrochloride, commonly known as “Shabu” remains to be the main drug of abuse comprising ninety-four percent (93.72%) of the total admission. This is followed by Cannabis (Marijuana) at twenty-three percent (22.59%), and Contact Cement (Rugby) with less than one percent (0.73%). Mono drug use is still the nature of drug taking and the routes of administration are inhalation/sniffing and oral ingestion.

 

REPORTED CASES BY TYPE OF ADMISSION AND GENDER
(Facility Based)*
CY 2019
 
TYPE OF ADMISSION MALE FEMALE LGBT GRAND TOTAL
No. % No. % No. % No. %
NEW ADMISSION 4,557 87.18 535 10.24 27 0.52 5,119 97.93
RE-ADMISSION 21 0.40 1 0.02 - - 22 0.42
OUT-PATIENT 75 1.43 11 0.21 - - 86 1.65
TOTAL 4,653 89.02 547 10.46 27 0.52 5,227 100.00

* Total Reported Cases from Residential and Out-Patient Facilities

 

PROFILE OF DRUG ABUSERS
(Facility Based)
CY 2019

• AGE : Mean age of 32 years old; Median of 33 years
• SEX : Ratio of Male to Female 9:1
• CIVIL STATUS : Single (49.28%)
• STATUS OF EMPLOYMENT : Employed (55.31%)
• EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT : High School Level (27.99%)
• ECONOMIC STATUS : Average Family Income Php 13,695.65
• PLACE OF RESIDENCE : Urban (Specifically NCR 32.41%)
• DURATION OF DRUG USE : More than six (6) years
• NATURE OF DRUG TAKING : Mono drug use (abuse of 1 drug only)
• DRUGS/SUBSTANCES OF ABUSE :
Methamphetamine Hydrochloride (Shabu)
Cannabis (Marijuana)
Contact Cement (Rugby)

 

 

REPORTED CASES BY TYPE OF ADMISSION AND SEX
(Facility Based)*
CY 2016
 
TYPE OF ADMISSION MALE FEMALE GRAND TOTAL
No. % No.  % No. %
NEW ADMISSION 4,337 71.34 351 5.77 4,688 77.12
RE-ADMISSION 1,064 17.50 62 1.02 1,126 18.52
OUT-PATIENT 247 4.06 18 0.30 265 4.36
TOTAL 5,648 92.91 431 7.09 6,079 100.00

* Total Reported Cases from Residential and Out-Patient Facilities

 

PROFILE OF DRUG ABUSERS
(Facility Based)*
CY 2016

• AGE : Mean age of 31 years
• SEX : Ratio of male and female 13:1
• CIVIL STATUS : Single 48.96%
• STATUS OF EMPLOYMENT : Unemployed 44.69%
• EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT : College Level 27.14%
• ECONOMIC STATUS : Average Monthly Family Income Php 13,937.65
• PLACE OF RESIDENCE : Urban (Specifically NCR 42.41%)
• DURATION OF DRUG USE : More than 6 years
• NATURE OF DRUG TAKING : Mono drug use**
• DRUGS/SUBSTANCES OF ABUSE :
Methamphetamine Hydrochloride (Shabu)
Cannabis (Marijuana)
MDMA (Ecstasy)
*Residential and Out-Patient Facilities
**Mono drug users - abuse of one (1) drug only