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Profile of Drug Users

For the year 2018, fifty-four (54) treatment and rehabilitation facilities reported to the Treatment and Rehabilitation Information System (TRAIS). Of this, fifty-one (51) facilities are residential and three (3) are outpatient.

From the facilities reporting, a total of five thousand, four hundred forty-seven (5,447) admissions were recorded. Five thousand, one hundred eighty-eight (5,188) of this are new cases, one hundred seventy-one (171) are relapsed or readmitted cases and eighty-eight (88) have sought treatment in an out-patient facility.

A significant increase in admission (34.66%) as compared to previous year was observed. The continuous and relentless efforts of law enforcement and immediate response of local government units in the all-out campaign to eradicate the drug problem, assisting identified individuals with problems on drug use to avail treatment and rehabilitation programs, and the plea bargaining agreement which comprise almost twenty-five percent (24.89%) of the admissions, may have contributed to the increase.

 

PROFILE OF DRUG ABUSERS
(Facility Based)
CY 2018

• AGE : Mean age of 32 years old
• SEX : Ratio of Male to Female (9:1)
• CIVIL STATUS : Single (51.20%)
• STATUS OF EMPLOYMENT : Unemployed (50.06%)
• EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT : High School Level (28.14%)
• ECONOMIC STATUS : Average Family Income Php 11,265.10
• PLACE OF RESIDENCE : Urban (specifically NCR (4.81%)
• DURATION OF DRUG USE : More than six (6) years
• NATURE OF DRUG TAKING : Mono drug use (abuse of 1 drug only)
• DRUGS/SUBSTANCES OF ABUSE :
Methamphetamine Hydrochloride (Shabu)
Cannabis (Marijuana)
Contact Cement (Rugby)

 

 

REPORTED CASES BY TYPE OF ADMISSION AND SEX
(Facility Based)*
CY 2016
 
TYPE OF ADMISSION MALE FEMALE GRAND TOTAL
No. % No.  % No. %
NEW ADMISSION 4,337 71.34 351 5.77 4,688 77.12
RE-ADMISSION 1,064 17.50 62 1.02 1,126 18.52
OUT-PATIENT 247 4.06 18 0.30 265 4.36
TOTAL 5,648 92.91 431 7.09 6,079 100.00

* Total Reported Cases from Residential and Out-Patient Facilities

 

PROFILE OF DRUG ABUSERS
(Facility Based)*
CY 2016

• AGE : Mean age of 31 years
• SEX : Ratio of male and female 13:1
• CIVIL STATUS : Single 48.96%
• STATUS OF EMPLOYMENT : Unemployed 44.69%
• EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT : College Level 27.14%
• ECONOMIC STATUS : Average Monthly Family Income Php 13,937.65
• PLACE OF RESIDENCE : Urban (Specifically NCR 42.41%)
• DURATION OF DRUG USE : More than 6 years
• NATURE OF DRUG TAKING : Mono drug use**
• DRUGS/SUBSTANCES OF ABUSE :
Methamphetamine Hydrochloride (Shabu)
Cannabis (Marijuana)
MDMA (Ecstasy)
*Residential and Out-Patient Facilities
**Mono drug users - abuse of one (1) drug only

 

 

REPORTED CASES BY TYPE OF ADMISSION AND GENDER
(Facility Based)*
CY 2015
 
TYPE OF ADMISSION MALE FEMALE GRAND TOTAL
No. % No.  % No. %
NEW ADMISSION 4,010 74.23 315 5.83 4,325 80.06
RE-ADMISSION 1,031 19.09 46 0.85 1,077 19.94
TOTAL 5,041 93.32 361 6.68 5,402 100.00

* Total Reported Cases from Residential Facilities

 

PROFILE OF DRUG ABUSERS
(Facility Based)*
CY 2015

• AGE : Mean age of 31 years
• SEX : Ratio of male and female 14:1
• CIVIL STATUS : Single 49.13%
• STATUS OF EMPLOYMENT : Unemployed 53.20%
• EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT : College Level 28.34%
• ECONOMIC STATUS : Average Monthly Family Income Php 10,172.00
• PLACE OF RESIDENCE : Urban (specifically NCR 43.89%)
• DURATION OF DRUG – TAKING : More than six (6) years
• NATURE OF DRUG – TAKING : Poly drug use**
• DRUGS/SUBSTANCES OF ABUSE :
Methamphetamine Hydrochloride (Shabu)
Cannabis (Marijuana)
Cocaine
*Residential Facilities
**Poly drug users – abuse of more than one (1) drug

 

STATISTICAL ANALYSIS
CY 2015

A total of five thousand four hundred-two (5,402) admissions are reported by the different facilities nationwide. Of this number, four thousand three hundred twenty-five (4,325) are new admissions, one thousand seventy-seven (1,077) are relapsed or re-admitted cases from either the same or different facilities. There are, however, no reported out-patient cases for this year. These are based from the reports submitted by thirty-one (31) residential facilities nationwide.

An increase of thirty percent (29.86%) admission compared from the previous year was noted which may be brought about by the following: Intensified advocacy program of the government to convince families to love and support those who have drug problems and need to undergo treatment and rehabilitation; the continuous improvement of treatment and rehabilitation programs, methodologies, facilities and service; and conduct of In- house seminars and dialogues to better serve those who need interventions.

On the other hand, the intensified operations conducted by the law enforcement that led to the increasing arrests of users for rehabilitation may also be attributed to the increase of admission to the treatment and rehabilitation facilities


Demographic Characteristics

Around ninety-three percent (93.32%) of the admitted cases are males and seven percent (6.68%) are females. The ratio of male to female is 14:1 with a mean age of 31 years old. The youngest is 10 years old while the eldest is 67 years old, and the highest percentage belongs to age group of 30 – 34 years old with one thousand ninety-three cases (1,093) and with an equivalent to twenty percent (20.23%).

Almost half of the total admitted cases are single, with forty-nine percent(49.13%) followed by married with a total percent of thirty-four (34.08), while the rest is almost seventeen percent (16.79%) represents live-in, widow/er, separated and divorced.

Based on the educational attainment, twenty-eight percent (28.34%) of the center clients comprised those who have reached college level, followed by those who reached high school with twenty-three percent (23.12%) and those who have finished high school at eighteen percent (18.35%).

The average monthly family income among center clients is ten thousand one hundred seventy-two pesos (Php10,172.00).

Of the total admission from various treatment facilities, fifty-three percent (53.20%) are unemployed, twenty percent (19.77%) are skilled/unskilled workers, and seven percent (6.94%) are out–of-school youth.

Almost forty-four percent (43.89%) of the reported cases are residing in the National Capital Region (NCR) prior to their rehabilitation, while eighteen percent (18.59%) and seventeen percent (17.27%) come from Region IV-A and Region IV-B respectively.

As to the age when the client first tried to use drugs, around forty-nine percent (48.85%) of the reported cases belong to the age group of 15-19 years old. Almost fifty-nine percent (58.52%) have taken drugs 2 – 5 times a week while twenty-one percent (20.64%) take it on a daily basis.


Most Commonly Abused Drugs

Methamphetamine Hydrochloride (shabu) remains to be the primary drug of abuse among center clients with ninety-seven percent (96.74%) of the total admission, followed by Cannabis (Marijuana) at around twenty-five percent (24.94%) and Cocaine with one percent (1.11%). The nature of drug taking remained to be poly-drug user.

The routes of administration are inhalation/sniffing and oral ingestion.

 

REPORTED CASES BY TYPE OF ADMISSION AND SEX
(Facility Based)*
CY 2017
 
TYPE OF ADMISSION MALE FEMALE GRAND TOTAL
No. % No.  % No. %
NEW ADMISSION 2,951 72.95 305 7.54 3,256 80.49
RE-ADMISSION 581 14.36 52 1.29 633 15.65
OUT-PATIENT 149 3.68 7 0.17 156 3.86
TOTAL 3,681 91.00 364 9.00 4,045 100.00

* Total Reported Cases from Residential and Out-Patient Facilities

 

PROFILE OF DRUG ABUSERS
(Facility Based)*
CY 2017

• AGE : Mean age of 31 years
• SEX : Ratio of male and female 10:1
• CIVIL STATUS : Single 53.52%
• STATUS OF EMPLOYMENT : Unemployed 45.96%
• EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT : High School Level 27.32%
• ECONOMIC STATUS : Average Monthly Family Income Php 12,337.57
• PLACE OF RESIDENCE : Urban (Specifically NCR 43.31%)
• DURATION OF DRUG USE : More than 6 years
• NATURE OF DRUG TAKING : Mono drug use**
• DRUGS/SUBSTANCES OF ABUSE :
Methamphetamine Hydrochloride (Shabu)
Cannabis (Marijuana)
Contact Cement (Rugby)
*Residential and Out-Patient Facilities
**Mono drug users - abuse of one (1) drug only

 

REPORTED CASES BY TYPE OF ADMISSION AND GENDER
(Facility Based)*
CY 2014
 
TYPE OF ADMISSION MALE FEMALE GRAND TOTAL
No. % No.  % No. %
NEW ADMISSION 3,116 70.95 272 6.19 3,388 77.14
RE-ADMISSION 733 16.69 39 0.89 772 17.58
OUT-PATIENT 211 4.80 21 0.48 232 5.28
TOTAL 4,060 92.44 332 7.56 4,392 100.00

* Total Reported Cases from Residential and Out-Patient Facilities

 

PROFILE OF DRUG ABUSERS
(Facility Based)*
CY 2014


 AGE : Mean age of 30 years
 SEX : Ratio of male to female 12:1
 CIVIL STATUS : Single 49.07%
 STATUS OF EMPLOYMENT : Unemployed 47.59%
 EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT : College Level 29.83%
 ECONOMIC STATUS : Average Monthly Family Income Php 15,423
 PLACE OF RESIDENCE : Urban (Specifically NCR 45.56%)
 DURATION OF DRUG - TAKING : More than six (6) years
 NATURE OF DRUG - TAKING : Poly drug use**
 DRUGS/SUBSTANCES OF ABUSE :
        Methamphetamine Hydrochloride (Shabu) Cannabis (Marijuana)
        Inhalants (Contact Cement Adhesive)


* Residential and Out-Patient Facilities
** Poly drug users - abuse of more than one (1) drug

 

STATISTICAL ANALYSIS
CY 2014


Based on the reports submitted by twenty-nine (29) residential and two (2) non-residential treatment and rehabilitation facilities, there were a total of 4,392 admissions reported in the year 2014. Of this number, 3,388 were admitted for the first time, 772 were relapsed or re-admitted cases either in the same or different facility and 232 were reported to have sought treatment to an out-patient facility.

Ninety-two percent (92.44%) of the admitted cases were males and almost eight percent (7.56%) were females. The ratio of male to female is 12:1.

Those who belong to the 30-34 age group comprised most of the admitted cases with twenty percent (20.24%), followed by those who were in the 40 and above bracket with nineteen percent (18.78%) and 25-29 age group with eighteen percent (17.78%). The average age is 30 years old. The youngest was 9 years old and the oldest was 78 years old.

Almost half of the admitted cases were single (49.07%), while thirty-three percent (33.31%) were married. Fourteen percent (14.46%) reported to have live-in partners and the remaining three percent (3.17%) were either separated, widow/er or divorced.

Based on the educational attainment, thirty percent (29.83%) of the center clients comprised those who have reached college level, followed by those who reached high school with twenty-five percent (24.68%) and those who finished high school at sixteen percent (15.73%).

Most of the admitted cases belong to the 5,999.00 and below income group with twenty-three percent (22.52%). The average monthly family income among center clients is PhP 15,423.00.

Of the total admission, forty-eight percent (47.59%) were unemployed, twenty-seven percent (26.73%) were workers/employees, eleven percent (11.43%) were businessman/self-employed, 8 percent (7.65%) were OSY and four percent (4.12%) were students.

Forty-six percent (45.56%) of the reported cases were residing in the National Capital Region (NCR) prior to their rehabilitation, while sixteen percent came from both
Region 4-A (16.46%) and Region 3 (16.39%).

As to the age when the client first tried to use drugs, forty-eight percent (47.79%) of the reported cases belong to the 15-19 age group. Half of the reported cases (50.30%) have taken drugs 2 to 5 times a week while twenty-one percent (21.20%) have it on a daily basis.


Methamphetamine Hydrochloride (Shabu) remains to be the primary drug of abuse among center clients with ninety-one percent (91.23%) of the total admission, followed by Cannabis (Marijuana) with thirty-six percent (35.77%). Both Inhalants (contact cement adhesive) and Benzodiazepines (Diazepam) users/abusers were reported at two percent (1.68% and 1.64% respectively).

There was a large increase by 34 percent (34.48%) of admission from the previous year and the reasons for these increase may be brought about by the following:

a) continuous effort of the government especially the local government unit in the combat against drug abuse through monitoring and assessment. They made sure that there are drug treatment facility which are available and accessible in every regions of the country;
b) love and support of the family in the treatment, rehabilitation and recovery of their loved ones who were hooked into drugs. Drug dependents voluntarily submit themselves for treatment and rehabilitation in either government or private facility knowing that their families were behind them and
c) drug treatment and rehabilitation workers tried their best to improve their programs, methodologies, facilities and services. In-house seminars and dialogues were conducted to better serve those who need interventions.